Fingerprinting source contributions to bed sediment‐associated organic matter in the headwater subcatchments of the River Itchen SAC, Hampshire, UK

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Collins, A. L., Zhang, Y., McMillan, S., Dixon, E. R., Cancer-Berroya, E., Poiret, C. and Stringellow, A. 2017. Fingerprinting source contributions to bed sediment‐associated organic matter in the headwater subcatchments of the River Itchen SAC, Hampshire, UK. River Research and Applications. 33 (10), pp. 1515-1526.

AuthorsCollins, A. L., Zhang, Y., McMillan, S., Dixon, E. R., Cancer-Berroya, E., Poiret, C. and Stringellow, A.
Abstract

Excessive accumulation of sediment‐associated organic matter in river beds has detrimental impacts on aquatic ecology, including fish. Sediment and source samples were collected from 3 headwater tributaries of the River Itchen, in southern England. Near infrared spectra and bulk stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes were employed as fingerprint properties to quantify the relative contributions from catchment‐based (farmyard manures/slurries, damaged road verges, and septic tanks) and channel‐based (decaying instream vegetation, watercress farms, and fish farms) sources. The findings suggested that over the duration of the sampling period, the final estimated median relative contributions in the Candover Stream subcatchment were in the order: farmyard measures/slurries 74% > decaying instream vegetation 15% > watercress farms 6% > septic tanks 3% > damaged road verges 2%. For the River Arle subcatchment, corresponding estimated median relative contributions were in the order: watercress farms 40% > farmyard manures/slurries 28% > decaying instream vegetation 21% > fish farms 7% > damaged road verges and septic tanks 2% each. Similar contributions were estimated for the Tichborne Stream subcatchment: watercress farms 36% > farmyard manures/slurries 26% > decaying instream vegetation 26% and damaged road verges and septic tanks at 6% each. These source apportionment estimates will contribute to stakeholder engagement and targeted management interventions.

Keywordsbulk stable isotopes; farm manures; fish farms; NIR reflectance spectroscopy; sediment‐associated organic matter; source fingerprinting; watercress farms
Year of Publication2017
JournalRiver Research and Applications
Journal citation33 (10), pp. 1515-1526
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/rra.3172
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderNatural England
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Aug 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted25 May 2017
Copyright licenseCC BY
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Wiley
ISSN1535-1459

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