The application of a geographically weighted principal components analysis for exploring twenty-three years of goat population change across Mongolia

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Tsutsumida, N, Harris, P. and Comber, A. 2017. The application of a geographically weighted principal components analysis for exploring twenty-three years of goat population change across Mongolia. Annals of the American Association of Geographers. 107 (5), pp. 1060-1074.

AuthorsTsutsumida, N, Harris, P. and Comber, A.
Abstract

The dzud are extreme weather events in Mongolia of deep snow, severe cold, or other conditions that render forage unavailable or inaccessible, which in turn, result in extensive livestock deaths. Mongolia is economically vulnerable to extreme events due to an increase in non-professional herders and the livestock population, that a de-regularised industry has brought about. Thus it is hugely informative to try to understand the spatial and temporal trends of livestock population change. To this end annual livestock census data are exploited and a geographically weighted principal components analysis (GWPCA) is applied to goat data recorded from 1990 to 2012 in 341 regions. This application of GWPCA to temporal data is novel and is able to account for both temporal and spatial patterns in goat population change. Furthermore, the GWPCA methodology is extended to simultaneously optimise the number of components to retain and the kernel bandwidth. In doing so, this study not only advances the GWPCA method but also provides a useful insight into the spatio-temporal variations of the Mongolian goat population.

KeywordsSpatio-temporal; GWmodel; Livestock; Grasslands; Sustainability
Year of Publication2017
JournalAnnals of the American Association of Geographers
Journal citation107 (5), pp. 1060-1074
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/24694452.2017.1309968
Open accessPublished as green open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeThe North Wyke Farm Platform [2012-2017]
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online31 May 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted01 Feb 2017
Copyright licenseCC BY
PublisherRoutledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
ISSN0004-5608

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