A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Leigh, R. A., Chater, M., Storey, R. and Johnston, A. E. 1986. Accumulation and subcellular distribution of cations in relation to the growth of potassium-deficient barley. Plant, Cell and Environment. 9 (7), pp. 595-604.
|Authors||Leigh, R. A., Chater, M., Storey, R. and Johnston, A. E.|
Growth of barley (Hordeum vulgare L., cv. Georgie) was insensitive to soil K content above about 150 mg kg−1, but at lower levels it declined. The reduction in yield was greater in soils containing approximately 10 mg Na kg−1 than in soils with about 90 mg kg−1 of Na. Growth was unaffected by changes in shoot K concentration above 75 mol m−3, but declined at lower concentrations, and the decrease was less in plants grown in soils with high Na. Growth responses were not simply related to tissue K concentrations because plants grown in soils with extra Na had higher yields but lower K concentrations.
When soil Na was low, plants accumulated Ca as tissue K declined, but when Na was provided this ion was accumulated. Plant Mg concentrations were generally low but increased as K decreased. The Ca and Mg were osmotically active. There were highly significant inverse linear relationships between yield and either the Ca or Mg concentrations in the shoots.
X‐ray microanalysis was used to examine the compartmentation of cations in leaves from barley plants (cv. Clipper) grown in nutrient solutions with high and low K concentrations. In plants grown with 2.5 mol m−3 K, this was the major cation in both the cytoplasm and vacuole of mesophyll cells. However, in plants grown with 0.02 mol m−3 K it declined to undetectable levels in the vacuole, although it was still detectable in the cytoplasm. In all plants, Ca was mainly located in epidermal cells. The implication of the results for explaining responses to K. in terms of compartmentation of solutes is discussed.
|Keywords||Hordeum vulgare L.; Gramineae; barley; growth responses; solute compartmentation; potassium; X‐ray micro‐analysis; vacuole; cytoplasm|
|Year of Publication||1986|
|Journal||Plant, Cell and Environment|
|Journal citation||9 (7), pp. 595-604|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1111/1365-3040.ep11616346|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Online||01 Sep 1986|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||25 Jul 1986|
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