Physico-chemical factors determining the phloem translocation of benzoic acids

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Tench, A. J., Williams, R. H., Bromilow, R. H. and Chamberlain, K. 1993. Physico-chemical factors determining the phloem translocation of benzoic acids. Pesticide Science. 37 (1), pp. 31-37. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.2780370106

AuthorsTench, A. J., Williams, R. H., Bromilow, R. H. and Chamberlain, K.
Abstract

A series of C-14-labelled benzoic acids. chosen to permit assessment of the role of pK(a) and lipophilicity in determining movement in plants of these herbicide analogues, was synthesised and their phloem translocation investigated. Following application of substituted benzoic acids to castor bean. Ricinus communis L., by injection into the petioles. the compounds of intermediate lipophilicity (2-fluoro-, 4-chloro- and 3.4-dichlorobenzoic acids) gave highest concentrations in phloem exudates; 4-methyl-2.3,5,6-tetrafluoro- and pentafluorobenzoic acids were less well translocated, perhaps because their pK(a) values are much less than those of the other benzoic acids studied. The polar 4-ureidobenzoic acid and the lipophilic 3-(4-methylphenoxy)benzoic acid were much less efficiently translocated in phloem. These results are similar to those previously obtained for phenoxyacetic acids. and provide further support for the role of ionisation in the accumulation and retention of chemicals in phloem sieve tubes.

KeywordsAgronomy; Entomology
Year of Publication1993
JournalPesticide Science
Journal citation37 (1), pp. 31-37
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.2780370106
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code910
233
ISSN0031613X
PublisherWiley

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