The influence of multiple sewage sludge amendments on the PCB content of an agricultural soil over time

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Alcock, R. E., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C. 1995. The influence of multiple sewage sludge amendments on the PCB content of an agricultural soil over time. Environmental Toxicology And Chemistry. 14 (4), pp. 553-560.

AuthorsAlcock, R. E., McGrath, S. P. and Jones, K. C.
Abstract

The polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) content of soils from a long-term agricultural experiment that received 25 separate sewage sludge applications from 1942 to 1961 is presented, along with data from an untreated control plot. Archived plough layer (0 to 23 cm) soil samples were collected, stored, and processed in the same manner between 1942 and 1992 (i.e., before, during, and after sludge amendments) and samples of the applied sludges were available for analysis. Soil Sigma PCB concentrations (defined as the sum of the 27 congeners quantified) on the control plot increased between 1942 (63 mu g Sigma PCB kg(-1)) and 1972 (560 mu g Sigma PCB kg(-1)) as a result of atmospheric deposition inputs; they subsequently declined to 13 pg Sigma PCB kg(-1) in 1992. A total of similar to 1 kg Sigma PCBs/hectare was applied in sewage sludges (containing 0.14 to 4.33 mg Sigma PCB kg(-1)) to the sludge-amended plot. Soil concentrations increased accordingly, to 640 mu g Sigma PCB kg(-1) by 1960. However, because of the continued high atmospheric deposition inputs, concentrations on this plot also continued to increase until 1972. By 1992, the sludge-amended plot contained ca. 5 times the Sigma PCB content of the control plot. By 1960, similar to 81% of the predicted Sigma PCB added in sludge could be accounted for; this had decrease to <50 and 21% by 1984 and 1992, respectively. Marked compound-specific differences in soil persistence were noted; generally lower chlorinated (3/4-Cl) congeners became less important contributors to the Sigma PCB content of the soils over time, while 5-Cl homologues and above increased.

KeywordsEnvironmental Sciences; Toxicology
Year of Publication1995
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology And Chemistry
Journal citation14 (4), pp. 553-560
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1897/1552-8618(1995)14[553:TIOMSS]2.0.CO;2
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code923
219
ISSN07307268
0730-7268
PublisherWiley

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