Movement of barley mild mosaic and barley yellow mosaic viruses in leaves and roots of barley

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Schenk, P. M., Antoniw, J. F., Batista, M De F., Jacobi, V., Adams, M. J. and Steinbiss, H. H. 1995. Movement of barley mild mosaic and barley yellow mosaic viruses in leaves and roots of barley. Annals of Applied Biology. 126 (2), pp. 291-305.

AuthorsSchenk, P. M., Antoniw, J. F., Batista, M De F., Jacobi, V., Adams, M. J. and Steinbiss, H. H.
Abstract

Leaves of barley plants were mechanically inoculated with barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV) and roots were inoculated using viruliferous zoospores of the fungus vector Polymyxa graminis. At intervals after inoculation, leaves and roots were tested by different methods to detect virus coat protein (ELISA or Western blot) or nucleic acid (slot-blot or reverse transcriptase-PCR). Following inoculation with zoospores, virus could be detected in roots after 1 wk (Western blot or PCR) but not until 3-4 wk by ELISA. Virus moved to leaves in 5-6 wk but, except at temperatures of about 20 degrees C, plants had to be cut back close to soil level to stimulate virus movement. Following mechanical inoculation, virus could be detected in leaves of a susceptible cultivar within 5 days by ELISA and 3 days by the other methods. Western blots and PCR showed that virus was present in the roots by 5 days. BaMMV was not detected by any method in leaves or roots of a resistant cultivar, indicating that the virus did not multiply in it. When leaves were mechanically inoculated on a small area only, BaMMV capsid protein was detected below the inoculated site at 4 days and in young growing leaves and roots at 13 days after inoculation but never above the inoculation site or in older leaves. After stem extension began, new leaves of infected plants were free of symptoms. The results are compared to observations of plants infected with barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV). It is proposed that movement of BaMMV and BaYMV is strongly related to the phloem transport and to the source-sink pattern of winter barley plants.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1995
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation126 (2), pp. 291-305
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1995.tb05367.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code102
203
Project: 091006
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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