Modelling the effects of climatic change and genetic modification on nitrogen use by wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Porter, J. R., Leigh, R. A., Semenov, M. A. and Miglietta, F. 1995. Modelling the effects of climatic change and genetic modification on nitrogen use by wheat. European Journal of Agronomy. 4 (4), pp. 419-429.

AuthorsPorter, J. R., Leigh, R. A., Semenov, M. A. and Miglietta, F.
Abstract

This paper considers how and the extent to which climate change and the balance of nitrogen between crops and soils may interact and how the ability to modify genetically specific crop attributes might affect the overall nitrogen balance of the crop-soil system. The possible effects of each change have been assessed using the AFRCWHEAT2 crop model for wheat. Model output pointed to a decrease in harvest index as a result of coincidental increases in CO2 level and temperature, and the importance of considering not only changes to average but also to the variability of environmental driving variables is illustrated. When mean temperatures were raised the model predicted that more nitrate would be left in the soil at the end of the season but that raising CO2 level could counter this effect. Doubling the variability of temperature had a more complicated effect on the soil N balance with the mean amount of residual soil nitrate predicted to be at about the same level as for the baseline and with only a comparatively small change in its coefficient of variation. These results are interpreted in terms of a bell-shaped response of mineralisation rate to temperature.

Raising the value of the maximum N concentration (Nmax) in the shoots increased the amount of NO3-N extracted from the soil. However, the overall effects were not simply proportional to the increase in Nmax because the crop could also become limited by the supply of N from the soil.

Year of Publication1995
JournalEuropean Journal of Agronomy
Journal citation4 (4), pp. 419-429
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/S1161-0301(14)80094-4
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code114
212
229
Project: 011332
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Jul 2014
Publication process dates
Accepted01 Jun 1995
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
ISSN1161-0301
PublisherElsevier Science Bv

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