Influence of wheat and oat cultivars on the development of the cereal aphid parasitoid Aphidius rhopalosiphi and the generalist aphid parasitoid Ephedrus plagiator

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Fuentes-Contreras, J. E., Powell, W., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. and Niemeyer, H. M. 1996. Influence of wheat and oat cultivars on the development of the cereal aphid parasitoid Aphidius rhopalosiphi and the generalist aphid parasitoid Ephedrus plagiator. Annals of Applied Biology. 128 (2), pp. 181-187.

AuthorsFuentes-Contreras, J. E., Powell, W., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. and Niemeyer, H. M.
Abstract

The effects of three wheat cultivars and two oat cultivars on the development of the cereal aphid parasitoid Aphidius rhopalosiphi De Steph. and the generalist aphid parasitoid Ephedrus plagiator (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) were evaluated in the laboratory. The level of hydroxamic acids, a family of secondary metabolites that can affect the mean relative growth rate of cereal aphids in cereals, were measured in the different cultivars. The parasitoids were reared in Sitobion avenae (F.) (Homoptera: Aphididae), using plants grown under greenhouse conditions. A. rhopalosiphi showed a longer developmental time on wheat relative to oat cultivars. This effect was accounted for by a significant increase in the time from oviposition to pupation (mummy formation), while the duration of the pupal stage remained constant between treatments. No further effects were observed in other variables evaluating A. rhopalosiphi performance, such as adult longevity, adult body weight and secondary sex ratio. The generalist E. plagiator did not show significant differences in any of the variables analysed, both between cultivars and cereal species. Hydroxamic acids levels correlated negatively with mean relative growth rates of S. avenae, but positively with the observed developmental time of A. rhopalosiphi. The results are discussed in terms of tritrophic effects and the development of breeding programmes trying to improve plant resistance to aphids.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1996
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation128 (2), pp. 181-187
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1996.tb05742.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code236
208
437
436
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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