A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Fuentes-Contreras, J. E., Powell, W., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. and Niemeyer, H. M. 1996. Influence of wheat and oat cultivars on the development of the cereal aphid parasitoid Aphidius rhopalosiphi and the generalist aphid parasitoid Ephedrus plagiator. Annals of Applied Biology. 128 (2), pp. 181-187.
|Authors||Fuentes-Contreras, J. E., Powell, W., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. A. and Niemeyer, H. M.|
The effects of three wheat cultivars and two oat cultivars on the development of the cereal aphid parasitoid Aphidius rhopalosiphi De Steph. and the generalist aphid parasitoid Ephedrus plagiator (Nees) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) were evaluated in the laboratory. The level of hydroxamic acids, a family of secondary metabolites that can affect the mean relative growth rate of cereal aphids in cereals, were measured in the different cultivars. The parasitoids were reared in Sitobion avenae (F.) (Homoptera: Aphididae), using plants grown under greenhouse conditions. A. rhopalosiphi showed a longer developmental time on wheat relative to oat cultivars. This effect was accounted for by a significant increase in the time from oviposition to pupation (mummy formation), while the duration of the pupal stage remained constant between treatments. No further effects were observed in other variables evaluating A. rhopalosiphi performance, such as adult longevity, adult body weight and secondary sex ratio. The generalist E. plagiator did not show significant differences in any of the variables analysed, both between cultivars and cereal species. Hydroxamic acids levels correlated negatively with mean relative growth rates of S. avenae, but positively with the observed developmental time of A. rhopalosiphi. The results are discussed in terms of tritrophic effects and the development of breeding programmes trying to improve plant resistance to aphids.
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Journal||Annals of Applied Biology|
|Journal citation||128 (2), pp. 181-187|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1996.tb05742.x|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||236|
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