Response of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) yield and biochemical composition to elevated CO2 and temperature at two nitrogen applications

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Demmers-Derks, H., Mitchell, R. A. C., Mitchell, V. J. and Lawlor, D. W. 1998. Response of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) yield and biochemical composition to elevated CO2 and temperature at two nitrogen applications. Plant, Cell & Environment. 21 (8), pp. 829-836.

AuthorsDemmers-Derks, H., Mitchell, R. A. C., Mitchell, V. J. and Lawlor, D. W.
Abstract

Effects on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) of current and elevated CO2 and temperature alone and in combination and their interactions with abundant and deficient nitrogen supply (HN and LN, respectively) have been studied in three experiments in 1993, 1994 and 1995. Averaged over all experiments, elevated CO2 (600 mu mol mol(-1) in 1993 and 700 mu mol mol-l in 1994 and 1995) increased total dry mass at final harvest by 21% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 21, 22) and 11% (CI = 6, 15) and root dry mass by 26% (CI = 19, 32) and 12% (CI = 6, 18) for HN and LN plants, respectively. Warmer temperature decreased total dry mass by 11% (CI = - 15, - 7) and 9% (CI = - 15, - 5) and root dry mass by 7% (CI = - 12, - 2) and 7% (CI = - 10, 0) for HN and LN plants, respectively. There was no significant interaction between temperature and CO2 on total or root dry mass. Neither elevated CO2 nor temperature significantly affected sucrose concentration per unit root dry mass. Concentrations of glycinebetaine and of amino acids, measured as alpha-amino-N, decreased in elevated CO2 in both N applications; glycinebetaine by 13% (CI = - 21, - 5) and 16% (CI = - 24, - 8) and alpha-amino-N by 24% (CI = - 36, - 11) and 16% (CI = - 26, - 5) for HN and LN, respectively. Warmer temperature increased alpha-amino-N, by 76% (CI = 50, 107) for HN and 21% (CI = 7, 36) for LN plants, but not glycinebetaine.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication1998
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Journal citation21 (8), pp. 829-836
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1365-3040.1998.00327.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code214
413
ISSN01407791
PublisherWiley

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/87x03/response-of-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-l-yield-and-biochemical-composition-to-elevated-co2-and-temperature-at-two-nitrogen-applications

4 total views
0 total downloads
0 views this month
0 downloads this month