The influence of size and duration of aphid infestation on host plant quality, and its effect on sugar beet yellowing virus epidemiology

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Williams, I. S., Dewar, A. M. and Dixon, A. F. G. 1998. The influence of size and duration of aphid infestation on host plant quality, and its effect on sugar beet yellowing virus epidemiology. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 89 (1), pp. 25-33.

AuthorsWilliams, I. S., Dewar, A. M. and Dixon, A. F. G.
Abstract

This paper studies the influence of previous infestation on the host quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) for aphids and the influence of previous infestation on sugar beet yellowing virus epidemiology. Sugar beet previously infested with Myzus persicae (Sulzer) or Aphis fabae Scopoli (Homoptera: Aphididae) had an improved host quality for subsequently infesting aphids of the same species. There was a significant negative relationship between the number of M. persicae infesting a plant and the proportion of those that died with a dark deposit in their stomachs, and a significant positive relationship between the number that settled on a plant and the number that infested it previously. Nymphs feeding on previously infested plants grew more rapidly than those on control plants. The beneficial effect of previous infestation persisted for at least 2 weeks and prolongation of the infestation beyond 2 weeks was of no further benefit to the aphids. Field grown sugar beet, previously colonised by M. persicae, was more susceptible to natural infestation by M. persicae up to 5 days after exposure. Previously infested plants were also more susceptible to infection with beet mild yellowing virus (BMYV) but not beet yellows virus (BYV), suggesting that the aphids on the previously infested sugar beet settled more readily and were more inclined to feed (and thus transmit BMYV) than aphids on the previously uninfested plants. The consequences for the control of sugar beet yellowing virus vectors are discussed.

KeywordsEntomology
Year of Publication1998
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Journal citation89 (1), pp. 25-33
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1998.00378.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code217
452
ISSN00138703
0013-8703
PublisherWiley

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