A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bromilow, R. H., Evans, A. A. and Nicholls, P. H. 1999. Factors affecting degradation rates of five triazole fungicides in two soil types: 1. Laboratory incubations. Pesticide Science. 55 (12), pp. 1129-1134.
|Authors||Bromilow, R. H., Evans, A. A. and Nicholls, P. H.|
Triazole fungicides are now widely used commercially and several are known to be persistent in soil. The degradation rates of five such fungicides were measured in laboratory tests with two soils over 720 days, with analysis of soil extracts by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Behaviour in a sandy loam and a clay loam were similar, and incubation of the compounds either singly or in admixture did not influence loss rates except for those of flutriafol which were lower in the latter. Triadimefon was quite rapidly reduced to triadimenol, though traces of the former were always found, indicating a possible redox equilibrium. Flutriafol, epoxiconazole and triadimenol (derived from triadimefon) were very persistent, breakdown following first-order kinetics with half-lives greater than two years at 10 degrees C and 80% field capacity. Propiconazole was moderately persistent, with a half-life of about 200 days under these conditions. Degradation rates increased about 3-fold as the temperature was increased from 5 to 18 degrees C, though decreasing soil moisture to 60% field capacity only slightly slowed degradation. The rate constants obtained are used in a companion paper describing field studies on these two soils to compare laboratory-measured degradation rates with losses in the field following commercial sprays. (C) 1999 Society of Chemical Industry.
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Journal citation||55 (12), pp. 1129-1134|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1002/ps.2780551202|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||319|
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