Local and systemic changes in glucosinolates in Chinese and European cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) after inoculation with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (stem rot)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Li, Y., Kiddle, G. A., Bennett, R. N. and Wallsgrove, R. M. 1999. Local and systemic changes in glucosinolates in Chinese and European cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) after inoculation with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (stem rot). Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 134 (1), pp. 45-58.

AuthorsLi, Y., Kiddle, G. A., Bennett, R. N. and Wallsgrove, R. M.
Abstract

Four Chinese Brassica napus lines, generated through a breeding programme to identify Sclerotinia sclerotiorum tolerant and susceptible lines, and three European varieties were analysed for changes in glucosinolates (qualitative and quantitative), and general host reactions, after localised inoculation with a UK S. sclerotiorum isolate. Plants at the fifth leaf stage were either singly inoculated (third leaf) or were inoculated once (third leaf) and then challenged a second time (seventh leaf) 7 days after the first inoculation. The results showed very distinct reactions in the different lines and cultivars to the fungus, both locally and systemically. Of the European lines B. napus cv.. Bienvenu showed good resistance (small lesions and less host damage) both 3 and 7 days post-inoculation. Capricorn was the most susceptible followed by Cobra; the third leaves of these cultivars were showing strong chlorotic and necrotic reactions by day 3 and lesions were well developed. By day 7 the third leaves of Capricorn were completely rotten whilst Cobra still had a little healthy tissue. Inoculation of the four Chinese lines showed that two had moderate resistance (014 and 020 - slightly less resistant than Bienvenu) and two were very susceptible (016 and 024 - similar reactions to Capricorn and Cobra), based on lesion size and host tissue damage. Glucosinolate induction in line 014 was good both locally and systemically, with clear local and systemic induction of indolylglucosinolates and 2-phenylethylglucosinolate both 3 and 7 days post-inoculation. Line 020 did not show no particular increases in glucosinolates after inoculation either locally or systemically. In line 016 there was a small local increase and a large systemic reduction in total glucosinolates. Inoculation of line 024 caused no major local changes in glucosinolates and again a big reduction in glucosinolates systemically. The dual inoculation system, with lines 014 and 016, produced comparable results, with line 014 showing good local and systemic induction of glucosinolates (after the first inoculation) and a further local and systemic induction after the second inoculation. This induction in pre-inoculated line 014 plants was associated with a reduction in lesion size of the second inoculum. Line 016 responded poorly both locally and systemically, and there were no real decrease in the lesion size of the second inoculum. It appears that in line 014 glucosinolate induction may be an important part of resistance, whereas in line 020 there are clearly other non-glucosinolate factors involved. The poor local and systemic induction of glucosinolates in lines 016 and 024, and subsequent susceptibility, implies that glucosinolate induction may be an important marker of resistance to S. sclerotiorum in oilseed rape.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1999
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation134 (1), pp. 45-58
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1999.tb05234.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code215
413
Project: 011281
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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