Supplementary foliar N, P and K, applied individually or in combinations, and the tolerance of potatoes to infection by the potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis $ and G. pallida

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Grove, I. G., Haydock, P. P. J., Evans, K. and Lewis, D. J. 1999. Supplementary foliar N, P and K, applied individually or in combinations, and the tolerance of potatoes to infection by the potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis $ and G. pallida. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 134 (2), pp. 193-204.

AuthorsGrove, I. G., Haydock, P. P. J., Evans, K. and Lewis, D. J.
Abstract

The use of supplementary foliar N, P and K to ameliorate the reduced nutrient uptake of potato plants infected by potato cyst nematode (PCN) were investigated. The potato cv. Pentland Dell achieved yields in plots not treated with oxamyl similar to those found in plots treated with oxamyl when supplementary foliar N or N plus K was applied to plots infested with 13 eggs g(-1) soil of Globodera pallida. Yield improvements from foliar N applications were attributed to increased leaf area index but the reason for yield increases from foliar N plus K applications could not be clarified. In a second experiment, where PCN infestation was 76 eggs g(-1) soil, the potato cv. Sante gave yields up to 19% higher than a standard fertiliser practice when supplementary foliar N was applied to plots not treated with oxamyl. Nutrient analysis showed that without oxamyl there were significantly lower concentrations of N, P and K in whole plant dry matter at 58 days after planting (DAP) but higher levels of N in the fourth leaf dry matter at 98 DAP. Emergence was significantly advanced by the use of oxamyl in both experiments. Santi dramatically reduced populations of Globodera rostochiensis from an average of 76 eggs g(-1) soil to 7 eggs g(-1) soil. Foliar application of nutrients is a promising method of ameliorating the effects on potatoes of PCN invasion but the nutrient concentrations and timing of individual sprays need to be more closely matched to crop requirement than was possible in our experiments.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1999
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation134 (2), pp. 193-204
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1999.tb05255.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code209
421
Project: 041010
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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