Fungal communities and disease symptoms on stem bases of wheat and barley and effects of seed treatments containing fluquinconazole and prochloraz

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Dawson, W. A. J. M. and Bateman, G. L. 2001. Fungal communities and disease symptoms on stem bases of wheat and barley and effects of seed treatments containing fluquinconazole and prochloraz. Journal of Phytopathology. 149 (43080), pp. 665-671.

AuthorsDawson, W. A. J. M. and Bateman, G. L.
Abstract

Three successive crops of winter wheat or barley were grown as second, third and fourth cereals. Communities of fungi on shoot bases, identified after isolation on agar media, were more diverse (determined by number of taxa identified) on wheat than on barley, and their diversity increased from year to year. Diversity was not affected by seed treatments containing fluquinconazole or prochloraz. Eyespot (caused by Tapesia spp.) and brown foot rot (caused by Fusarium spp. or Microdochium nivale) increased from year to year. Eyespot, brown foot rot (after the first year) and sharp eyespot (which remained infrequent), assessed in summer (June), affected wheat more than barley. Eyespot severity was increased slightly on barley by treatments containing fluquinconazole, formulated with or without prochloraz, in the second year (third cereal), when it was also decreased slightly on wheat by fluquinconazole plus prochloraz, except in plots where the treatment had been applied for two successive years. The increases or decreases in eyespot in the second year were accompanied by, respectively, decreases or increases in the frequency of Idriella bolleyi where fluquinconazole was applied alone. Although the eyespot pathogen Tapesia Yallundae (but not Tapesia acuformis) is sensitive to fluquinconazole in vitro. seed treatment, applied principally to control take-all disease, is likely to have only a small effect against eyespot (or other stem-base diseases). and then only on wheat and when formulated with prochloraz.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication2001
JournalJournal of Phytopathology
Journal citation149 (43080), pp. 665-671
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1439-0434.2001.00690.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code423
506
ISSN09311785
PublisherWiley

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