Changes in variance and correlation of soil properties with scale and location: analysis using an adapted maximal overlap discrete wavelet transform

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Lark, R. M. and Webster, R. 2001. Changes in variance and correlation of soil properties with scale and location: analysis using an adapted maximal overlap discrete wavelet transform. European Journal of Soil Science. 52 (4), pp. 547-562.

AuthorsLark, R. M. and Webster, R.
Abstract

The magnitude of variation in soil properties can change from place to place, and this lack of stationarity can preclude conventional geostatistical and spectral analysis. In contrast, wavelets and their scaling functions, which take non-zero values only over short intervals and are therefore local, enable us to handle such variation: Wavelets can be used to analyse scale-dependence and spatial changes in the correlation of two variables where the linear model of coregionalization is inadmissible. We have adapted wavelet methods to analyse soil properties with non-stationary variation and covariation in fairly small sets of data, such as we can expect in soil survey, and we have applied them to measurements of pH and the contents of clay and calcium carbonate on a 3-km transect in Central England. Places on the transect where significant changes in the variance of the soil properties occur were identified. The scale-dependence of the correlations of soil properties was investigated by calculating wavelet correlations for each spatial scale. We identified where the covariance of the properties appeared to change and then computed the wavelet correlations on each side of the change point and compared them. The correlation of topsoil and subsoil clay content was found to be uniform along the transect at one important scale, although there were significant changes in the variance. In contrast, carbonate content and pH of the topsoil were correlated only in parts of the transect.

KeywordsSoil Science
Year of Publication2001
JournalEuropean Journal of Soil Science
Journal citation52 (4), pp. 547-562
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1365-2389.2001.00420.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code445
513
ISSN13510754
PublisherWiley

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