Relationship between brown foot rot and DNA of Microdochium nivale , determined by quantitative PCR, in stem bases of winter wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Turner, A. S., Nicholson, P., Edwards, S. G., Bateman, G. L., Morgan, L. W., Todd, A. D., Parry, D. W., Marshall, J. and Nuttall, M. 2002. Relationship between brown foot rot and DNA of Microdochium nivale , determined by quantitative PCR, in stem bases of winter wheat. Plant Pathology. 51 (4), pp. 464-471.

AuthorsTurner, A. S., Nicholson, P., Edwards, S. G., Bateman, G. L., Morgan, L. W., Todd, A. D., Parry, D. W., Marshall, J. and Nuttall, M.
Abstract

Relationships between the incidence and severity of brown foot rot and of pathogenic fungi, determined by diagnostic and quantitative PCR, were investigated during the growth of nine winter wheat crops in three cropping seasons. Microdochium nivale vars nivale and majus were the only brown foot rot pathogens present in significant amounts. Relationships between disease symptoms and amounts of pathogen DNA were often weak in early spring (when shoot-base symptoms are usually most difficult to ascribe to particular pathogens by visual examination) because of indistinct symptoms and small amounts of pathogen. Relationships were strongest during stem elongation. The amount of M. nivale in the tissues tended to decline in the summer as the plants matured, apparently disappearing partially from necrotic lesions to which it contributed, resulting in a weakened relationship between symptoms and pathogen DNA. Regression analyses of brown foot rot on amounts of M. nivale DNA for different wheat cultivars generally produced lines with similar slopes but were often most significant for the cultivar with most eyespot resistance (i.e. with least confounding eyespot) or most apparently genuine brown foot rot. DNA of Fusarium spp. was rarely present in amounts sufficient to quantify.

KeywordsAgronomy; Plant Sciences
Year of Publication2002
JournalPlant Pathology
Journal citation51 (4), pp. 464-471
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2002.00724.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code423
445
505
513
ISSN00320862
PublisherWiley

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