The potential of non-pathogenic Gaeumannomyces spp., occurring naturally or introduced into wheat crops or preceding crops, for controlling take-all in wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Gutteridge, R. J., Jenkyn, J. F. and Bateman, G. L. 2007. The potential of non-pathogenic Gaeumannomyces spp., occurring naturally or introduced into wheat crops or preceding crops, for controlling take-all in wheat. Annals of Applied Biology. 150 (1), pp. 53-64.

AuthorsGutteridge, R. J., Jenkyn, J. F. and Bateman, G. L.
Abstract

Take-all disease (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici) in wheat crops is known to be suppressed by naturally occurring antagonistic fungi, closely related to the pathogen, that infect grasses and cereals. This form of suppression was re-investigated because of the changing importance and role of grass weeds and grass covers in arable farming. Natural populations of the competitive fungus Gaeumannomyces cylindrosporus, allowed to develop under rye-grass, were more effective than artificially introduced populations in suppressing the development of take-all in following wheat crops. To be effective, the antagonist needs to be present before the start of wheat cropping. Introducing G. cylindrosporus, but not G. graminis var. graminis (a potential antagonist that is faster growing), into a previous crop, or just after the previous crop, sometimes suppressed take-all, but the effect was small. It is concluded that, for any future attempts at biocontrol by these fungi, they should be introduced into a preceding crop not susceptible to take-all. Take-all inoculum in the soil should be at a minimum and effective hosts of the take-all pathogen must not be present as weeds or volunteers.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2007
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation150 (1), pp. 53-64
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2006.00107.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code506
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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