A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Milne, A. E., Webster, R., Ginsburg, D. and Kindred, D. 2012. Spatial multivariate classification of an arable field into compact management zones based on past crop yields. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 80, pp. 17-30.
|Authors||Milne, A. E., Webster, R., Ginsburg, D. and Kindred, D.|
Many farmers want to take advantage of modern technology to control fertilizer applications in large fields more precisely in smaller zones. We have investigated zonation on past yields by three forms of k-means clustering with geostatistical smoothing and compared the outcomes with yield response to added nitrogen. We had data on wheat yield for three years on 2187 10 × 10 m squares in a 29-ha field in the English midlands. Two of the methods grouped the squares by a ‘hard’ means technique, the first used their similarities which had been modified with their spatial covariance function and the second used their dissimilarities which had been modified with their variogram. The third method computed their memberships to fuzzy classes and smoothed the memberships with the variogram for final classification. The resulting spatially smoothed classifications were evaluated by the extent to which they responded differentially to applied nitrogen in a fourth year. The best compromise between spatial coherence and minimum variance seemed to be the smoothed fuzzy classification; it created reasonably compact zones that a well-equipped farmer might be able to manage. However, the nitrogen response functions were parallel, and it is unlikely that a farmer would benefit financially by fertilizing the zones separately. The soil map of the field also distinguished coherent compact zones, and these differed in the forms of the responses of their crops to fertilizer nitrogen. For this field, it might be more profitable to manage the nitrogen application according to soil type.
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Journal||Computers and Electronics in Agriculture|
|Journal citation||80, pp. 17-30|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.compag.2011.10.007|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||Centre for Mathematical and Computational Biology (MCB)|
|Reducing greenhouse gas emissions, nitrate pollutions and lost productivity by fully automating nitrogen fertiliser|
|Online||10 Nov 2011|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||11 Oct 2011|
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