Development of an integrated pest management strategy for control of pollen beetles in winter oilseed rape (HGCA Project Report No 504)

D1 - Technical reports: non-confidential

Cook, S. M., Doring, T. F., Ferguson, A. W., Martin, J. L., Skellern, M. P., Smart, L. E., Watts, N. P., Welham, S. J., Woodcock, C. M., Pickett, J. A., Bardsley, E., Bowman, J., Burns, S., Clarke, M., Davies, J., Gibbard, C., Johnen, A., Jennaway, R., Meredith, R., Murray, D., Nightingale, M., Padbury, N., Patrick, C., Von Richthofen, J-S., Taylor, P., Tait, M. and Werner, P. 2013. Development of an integrated pest management strategy for control of pollen beetles in winter oilseed rape (HGCA Project Report No 504). Kenilworth Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA).

AuthorsCook, S. M., Doring, T. F., Ferguson, A. W., Martin, J. L., Skellern, M. P., Smart, L. E., Watts, N. P., Welham, S. J., Woodcock, C. M., Pickett, J. A., Bardsley, E., Bowman, J., Burns, S., Clarke, M., Davies, J., Gibbard, C., Johnen, A., Jennaway, R., Meredith, R., Murray, D., Nightingale, M., Padbury, N., Patrick, C., Von Richthofen, J-S., Taylor, P., Tait, M. and Werner, P.
TypeD1 - Technical reports: non-confidential
Abstract

We have developed an integrated pest management strategy (IPM) for pollen beetles in winter oilseed rape (OSR) based on risk assessment, monitoring and alternative crop management that can be used as a framework by growers and crop consultants to manage pollen beetles with reduced insecticide inputs - and the confidence to do so. This will prolong insecticide life by reducing selection for resistance, reduce environmental impacts and contribute towards the sustainability and profitability of OSR in the UK. One of the major limitations to the use of action thresholds is that proper monitoring of the populations is time consuming and has to be conducted over a prolonged period. To encourage and facilitate their use, we tested and developed tools to improve risk assessment and monitoring. We conducted a pollen beetle monitoring study over 4 years in 178 OSR crops across the UK. Pollen beetles were sampled using sticky traps and plant sampling along transects in the crop. The data were used to help test a decision support system (DSS) for pollen beetles and to develop a monitoring trap. proPlant Expert is a DSS available in mainland Europe that uses a model of pollen beetle immigration and local meteorological data to forecast the start and end of pollen beetle immigration into the crop and main risk periods and advises when to monitor. We tested the model under UK conditions using data from our study and compared monitoring advice with the current advice system on the CropMonitor website (advises monitoring when the crop is at green-yellow bud stage and temperature >15°C). Both performed reassuringly well in prompting monitoring that would detect breaches of spray thresholds. However there were considerable reductions provided by proPlant in the need for consultation of the system (30%) and advised monitoring days (34-53%) in comparison with current advice. Use of the proPlant DSS could therefore focus monitoring effort to when it is most needed. It could also help to reduce unnecessary sprays in cases where beetle numbers are approaching threshold but consultation of the system returns a poor immigration risk forecast or an immigration complete result. The proPlant tool is now freely available to growers and crop consultants in the UK via the Bayer CropScience website. A monitoring trap for pollen beetles would help to more easily and accurately identify when spray thresholds have been breached than monitoring plants in the crop. We developed a baited monitoring trap for pollen beetles which will be commercially available from Oecos. The trap comprises a yellow sticky card mounted at 45°, baited with phenylacetaldehyde, a floral volatile produced naturally by several plant species. Unfortunately using data from our study we were unable to calibrate the trap catch to a given action threshold expressed as the number of beetles per plant using a simple linear relationship. However, the monitoring trap still has value for risk assessment, especially if used together with DSS. We tested the potential of turnip rape (TR) trap crops, planted as borders to the main OSR crop to reduce pollen beetle numbers in a field scale experiment conducted over three years on two sites. We found evidence that the strategy worked well in some years, but not others. This tactic is probably practically and economically worthwhile only for organic growers.

Year of Publication2013
PublisherHome Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA)
Place of publicationKenilworth
Page range139pp
Web address (URL)https://cereals.ahdb.org.uk/media/198124/pr504.pdf
FunderDepartment of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Home-Grown Cereals Authority
Funder project or codeDelivering Sustainable Systems (SS) [ISPG]
Development of an integrated pest management strategy for control of pollen beetle in winter oilseed rape
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
Publisher's version
Copyright license
Publisher copyright
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Feb 2013
SeriesHome Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) Project Report No 504

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