A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Barton, L. E., Auffan, M., Durenkamp, M., McGrath, S. P., Bottero, J-Y. and Wiesner, M. R. 2015. Monte Carlo simulations of the transformation and removal of Ag, TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles in wastewater treatment and land application of biosolids. Science of the Total Environment. 511 (1 April), pp. 535-543.
|Authors||Barton, L. E., Auffan, M., Durenkamp, M., McGrath, S. P., Bottero, J-Y. and Wiesner, M. R.|
The use of nano-enabled materials in industry and consumer products is increasing rapidly and with it, the more imperative it becomes to understand the consequences of such materials entering the environment during production, use or disposal. The novel properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) that make them desirable for commercial applications also present the possibility of impacting aquatic and terrestrial environments in ways that may differ from materials in bulk format. Modeling techniques are needed to proactively predict the environmental fate and transport of nanomaterials.
A model for nanoparticle (NP) separation and transformation in water treatment was parameterized for three metal and metal-oxide NPs. Functional assays to determine NP specific distribution and transformation were used to parameterize the model and obtain environmentally relevant concentrations of NPs and transformation byproducts leaving WWTPs in effluent and biosolids. All three NPs were predicted to associate > 90% with the solid phase indicating significant accumulation in the biosolids. High rates of transformation for ZnO and Ag NPs resulted in ~ 97% transformation of the NPs that enter the plant despite differences in transformation rate in aerobic versus anaerobic environments. Due to high insolubility and negligible redox transformation, the only process predicted to impact TiO2 NP fate and transport in WWTPs was distribution between the solid and liquid phases. Subsequent investigation of ZnO NP species fate and transport when land applied in biosolids indicated that steady state concentrations of ZnO phases would likely be achieved after approximately 150 days under loading conditions of biosolids typical in current practice.
|Keywords||Nanoparticles; Exposure; Wastewater treatment; Monte Carlo modeling|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Journal||Science of the Total Environment|
|Journal citation||511 (1 April), pp. 535-543|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.056|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder||Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council|
|Funder project or code||Delivering Sustainable Systems (SS) [ISPG]|
|Kenyak yeye: UK-Australian Global Soil Meta-omic Programme|
|Transatlantic initiative for nanotechnology and the environment (TINE)|
|Online||09 Jan 2014|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||18 Dec 2014|
|Copyright license||Publisher copyright|
|Publisher||Elsevier Science Bv|
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