Horn fly larval survival in cattle dung is reduced by endophyte infection of tall fescue pasture

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Parra, L., Mutis, A., Chacon, M., Lizama, M., Rojas, C., Catrileo, A., Rubilar, O., Tortella, G., Birkett, M. A. and Quiroz, A. 2016. Horn fly larval survival in cattle dung is reduced by endophyte infection of tall fescue pasture. Pest Management Science. 72 (7), pp. 1328-1334.

AuthorsParra, L., Mutis, A., Chacon, M., Lizama, M., Rojas, C., Catrileo, A., Rubilar, O., Tortella, G., Birkett, M. A. and Quiroz, A.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The potential for using endophytic microorganisms in pest control has increased during the last 40 years. In this study, we investigated the impact of endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum) infection of cattle pasture upon the survival of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans, a major agricultural pest affecting livestock in many parts of the world. RESULTS: In laboratory assays, where cattle dung collected from endophyte-infected (E+) tall fescue cultivar K-31 was used as the oviposition substrate, larval development was significantly reduced compared with development on cattle dung from steers that grazed uninfected (E-) tall fescue. Furthermore, studies with cattle dung supplemented with the alkaloid fraction extracted from the endophytic fungi revealed significant larval mortality, and HPLC analysis identified two alkaloids, peramine and lolitrem B. The development of larvae was shown to be significantly reduced in field-collected cattle dung. These results suggest that part of the toxicity of alkaloids contained in endophytes is transferred to faecal matter, causing an increase in mortality of H. irritans. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that endophyte infection of cattle pasture, i.e. modified pasture management, can significantly affect horn fly development. (C) 2015 Society of Chemical Industry

KeywordsAgronomy; Entomology
Year of Publication2016
JournalPest Management Science
Journal citation72 (7), pp. 1328-1334
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/ps.4153
PubMed ID26373352
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
FONDECYT
PublisherWiley
Grant ID11130715
3110085
ISSN1526-498X

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