Climate and atmospheric change impacts on aphids as vectors of plant diseases

B - Book chapters etc edited externally

Ryalls, J. M. W. and Harrington, R. 2017. Climate and atmospheric change impacts on aphids as vectors of plant diseases. in: Johnson, S. N. and Jones, T. H. (ed.) Global Climate Change and Terrestial Invertebrates (Chapter 9) Wiley. pp. 148-175

AuthorsRyalls, J. M. W. and Harrington, R.
EditorsJohnson, S. N. and Jones, T. H.
Abstract

This chapter demonstrates how multiple environmental variables can interact to affect plant and aphid populations and, subsequently, the spread of viruses. Climate and atmospheric conditions can modify virus biology and plant growth individually, although few studies have linseed virus titre with plant growth under expected future conditions. Climate and atmospheric changes have the potential to alter various characteristics associated with the virus‐vector interaction, including acquisition efficiency, latency of persistently transmitted viruses or inoculation efficiency. While the effects of climate and atmospheric changes on plants, insects and viruses are often interlinked, few studies have incorporated interactions between all four corners of the disease pyramid. Viruses have been shown to alter plant volatile organic compounds to attract non‐viruliferous aphids. Specifically, barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) infection altered the relative composition of volatile organic compounds in wheat, which attracted both Rhopalosiphum padi and Myzus persicae.

Keywordsaphid populations; atmospheric changes ; barley yellow dwarf virus; global climate change; non‐viruliferous aphids; plant disease pyramid; potato leaf roll virus; virus biology; virus‐vector interaction
Page range148-175
Year of Publication2017
Book title Global Climate Change and Terrestial Invertebrates (Chapter 9)
PublisherWiley
ISBN978111907090-0
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/9781119070894.ch9
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeThe Rothamsted Insect Survey [2012-2017]
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Dec 2016
Print28 Feb 2017
Copyright licensePublisher copyright

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