Field-scale evaluation of biosolids-derived organomineral fertilizers applied to winter wheat in England

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Antille, D. L., Godwin, R. J., Sakrabani, R., Seneweera, S., Tyrrel, S. F. and Johnston, A. E. 2017. Field-scale evaluation of biosolids-derived organomineral fertilizers applied to winter wheat in England. Agronomy Journal. 109 (2), pp. 654-674.

AuthorsAntille, D. L., Godwin, R. J., Sakrabani, R., Seneweera, S., Tyrrel, S. F. and Johnston, A. E.
Abstract

Field-scale experiments in four crop seasons established the agronomic performance of biosolids-derived organomineral fertilizers (OMF) for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in England. Two OMF formulations (OMF10 10:4:4 and OMF15 15:4:4) were compared with urea and biosolids granules (≈5:6:0.2) to determine crop responses and fertilizer effects on soil chemical properties. Fertilizers were applied at N rates between 0 and 250 kg ha–1 at regular increments of 50 kg ha–1 N. Average grain yields with OMF10 and OMF15 were higher than with biosolids granules, but lower than with urea (P < 0.05). The optimum N application rates, and corresponding grain yields, were 245 and 7900 kg ha–1 for biosolids, 257 and 9100 kg ha–1 for OMF10, 249 and 9500 kg ha–1 for OMF15, and 225 and 10350 kg ha–1 for urea, respectively. Differences in grain yield between fertilizer treatments were explained by differences in yield components, particularly number of grains and thousand-grain-weight. Grain-N recoveries were 31% for biosolids, ≈40% for OMF, and 52% for urea. Organomineral fertilizers-induced changes in soil extractable P and soil P Index were not significant. Thus, application of OMF replenished P offtake by the crop and therefore supported the choice of the proposed OMF formulations. By contrast, extractable P increased in biosolids and decreased in urea-treated soils, respectively. Heavy metals in soil were unaffected by fertilizer treatment and lower than permissible limit values. The use of OMF for winter wheat production appears to be a sustainable approach to recycling biosolids to land.

Year of Publication2017
JournalAgronomy Journal
Journal citation109 (2), pp. 654-674
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.2134/agronj2016.09.0495
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
Publisher's version
Copyright license
CC BY
Publication dates
Online09 Mar 2017
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Jan 2017
PublisherAmerican Society of Agronomy (ASA)
ISSN0002-1962

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