Bed and suspended sediment-associated rare earth element concentrations and fluxes in a polluted Brazilian river system

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

da Silva, Y., Nascimento, C., da Silva, Y., Amorim, F., Singh, V. and Collins, A. L. 2018. Bed and suspended sediment-associated rare earth element concentrations and fluxes in a polluted Brazilian river system . Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 25 (34), pp. 34426-34437.

Authorsda Silva, Y., Nascimento, C., da Silva, Y., Amorim, F., Singh, V. and Collins, A. L.
Abstract

Rare earth elements (REEs) have been recently recognized as emergent pollutants in rivers. However, data regarding REE fluxes in association with either bed or suspended are scarce. To address this knowledge gap, we determined the concentrations and fluxes of La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Yb, Lu, Dy, Er, Ho, Tb, and Tm in bed and suspended sediment samples of a representative polluted Brazilian River. Sediment-associated data on REEs were placed in the context of corresponding background concentrations in soils under natural conditions along the Ipojuca watershed. Light rare earth elements (LREEs) comprised more than 94% of the total REEs associated with bed and suspended sediments. Suspended sediments accounted for more than 95% of the total REE flux. The Ce and Nd fluxes of about 7 t year−1 underscore the importance of including REEs in future estimations of
global suspended sediment-associated element fluxes. In contrast, bedload often transported less than 0.0007 t year−1 of each REE. The main sources of pollution in the Ipojuca River are anthropogenic, likely due to domestic effluent and waste water from industrial and agricultural operations—major causes of sediment-associated Gd transport in polluted streams.

KeywordsLanthanides
Environmental quality
Sediment-associated transport
Watershed management
Water quality
Year of Publication2018
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Journal citation25 (34), pp. 34426-34437
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s11356-018-3357-4
Accepted author manuscriptBed and suspended .docx
Publication dates
Print15 Dec 2018
Copyright licenseCC BY
PublisherSpringer Heidelberg
ISSN0944-1344

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