Effect of increasing availability of water-soluble carbohydrates on in vitro rumen fermentation

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Lee, M. R. F., Merry, R. J., Davies, D. R., Moorby, J. M., Humphreys, M. O., Theodorou, M. K., MacRae, J. C. and Scollan, N. D. 2003. Effect of increasing availability of water-soluble carbohydrates on in vitro rumen fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 104 (1-4), pp. 59-70.

AuthorsLee, M. R. F., Merry, R. J., Davies, D. R., Moorby, J. M., Humphreys, M. O., Theodorou, M. K., MacRae, J. C. and Scollan, N. D.
Abstract

The effect of adding water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) on the microbial fermentation of fresh
perennial ryegrass was examined in an in vitro RUSITEC system over two 10 day periods. Four
treatment levels of WSC were used: a basal grass and a basal grass plus a sugar infusion to raise
the WSC basal grass level by approximately 1.25×; 1.5× and 1.75×. The infusion was a mixture
of inulin and sucrose (80:20) infused over the first 14 h of each 24 h cycle, based on a preliminary
study which indicated a linear disappearance of forage WSC over this period. With increasing
WSC inclusion there were linear reductions in pH and ammonia-N (NH3N) (P = 0.001) but only a
small increase in total volatile fatty acid concentration. There was also a decrease in the proportion
of acetate and an increase in propionate with increasing WSC inclusion (P = 0.02 and 0.009,
respectively). Microbial nitrogen production was similar for the first three treatments of Basal to
Basal × 1.5 but was lower at the highest level of WSC inclusion (P < 0.001). The efficiency of
microbial protein synthesis increased from Basal to Basal × 1.5 (9.9, 10.8, 12.7 g N/kg organic
matter apparently digested (OMAD), respectively) but at the highest level of WSC inclusion (Basal
× 1.75) there was a reduction to 7.1 g N/kg OMAD. This may have been related to the low pH
values (<6.0) at certain times during incubation and/or futile bacterial energy cycles as a result
of the low nitrogen concentration in the vessels. With increasing WSC inclusion there were also
significant reductions in OMAD from 14.4 g per day at Basal to 12.0 g per day at Basal × 1.75

Year of Publication2003
JournalAnimal Feed Science and Technology
Journal citation104 (1-4), pp. 59-70
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/S0377-8401(02)00319-X
Open accessPublished as non-open access
ISSN0377-8401
PublisherElsevier Science Bv

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