The influence of plant polyphenols on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in dried forages at different phenological stages: in vitro study

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Cabiddu, A., Salis, L., Tweed, J. K. S., Molle, G., Decandia. M. and Lee, M. R. F. 2010. The influence of plant polyphenols on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in dried forages at different phenological stages: in vitro study. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 90 (5), pp. 829-835.

AuthorsCabiddu, A., Salis, L., Tweed, J. K. S., Molle, G., Decandia. M. and Lee, M. R. F.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is known that forage legumes show a higher transfer efficiency of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to ruminant dairy products in comparison with grasses. Legumes are usually characterised by moderate levels of plant secondary metabolites, which can have an effect on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in the rumen. An in vitro study was carried out to compare two species with different plant phenol compositions, Vicia sativa (VS, common vetch, cv. Jose) and Trifolium incarnatum (TI, crimson clover, cv. Viterbo) cut at the vegetative (Veg) and reproductive (Rep) stages, on lipolysis and PUFA biohydrogenation in the rumen.

RESULTS: The study showed that forage species and phenological stage affected the levels of bound phenols (BP) and tannic polyphenols (TP). VS was characterised by a higher level of TP than TI at both Veg and Rep stages, whereas BP levels were low in both forages. BP and TP had a negative effect on lipolysis and biohydrogenation, but TP showed a greater negative correlation than BP for both forages.

CONCLUSION: These results showed that lipolysis and biohydrogenation of PUFA could be affected by plant phenols, particularly TP.

Year of Publication2010
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa
Journal citation90 (5), pp. 829-835
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/jsfa.3892
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Output statusPublished
ISSN0022-5142
PublisherWiley

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