Simultaneous Quantification of Soil Phosphorus Labile Pool and Desorption Kinetics Using DGTs and 3D-DIFS

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Menezes-Blackburn, D., Sun, J., Lehto, N. J., Zhang, H., Strutter, M., Giles, C. D., Darch, T., George, T. S., Shand, C., Lumsdon, D., Blackwell, M. S. A., Wearing, C., Cooper, P., Wendler, R., Brown, L., Al-Kasbi, M. and Haygarth, P. M. 2019. Simultaneous Quantification of Soil Phosphorus Labile Pool and Desorption Kinetics Using DGTs and 3D-DIFS. Environmental Science & Technology. 53 (12), pp. 6718-6728.

AuthorsMenezes-Blackburn, D., Sun, J., Lehto, N. J., Zhang, H., Strutter, M., Giles, C. D., Darch, T., George, T. S., Shand, C., Lumsdon, D., Blackwell, M. S. A., Wearing, C., Cooper, P., Wendler, R., Brown, L., Al-Kasbi, M. and Haygarth, P. M.
Abstract

The buffering of phosphorus concentrations in soil solution by the soilsolid phase is an important process for providing plant root access to nutrients. Accordingly, the size of labile solid phase-bound phosphorus pool and the rate at which it can resupply phosphorous into the dissolved phase can be important variables in determining when the plant availability of the nutrient may be limited. The phosphorus labile pool (Plabile) and its desorption kinetics were simultaneously evaluated in 10 agricultural UK soils using the diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) technique. The DGT-induced fluxes in the soil and sediments model (DIFS) was fitted to the time series of DGT deployments (1−240 h), which allowed the estimation of Plabile, and the system response time (Tc). The Plabile concentration was then compared to that obtained by several soil P extracts including Olsen P, FeO-P, and water extractable P, in order to assess if the data from these analytical procedures can be used to represent the labile P across different soils. The Olsen P concentration, commonly used as a representation of the soil labile P pool, overestimated the desorbable P concentration by 6-fold. The use of this approach for the quantification of soil P desorption kinetic parameters found a wide range of equally valid solutions for Tc. Additionally, the performance of different DIFS model versions working in different dimensions (1D, 2D, and 3D) was compared. Although all models could provide a good fit to the experimental DGT time series data, the fitted parameters showed a poor agreement between different model versions. The limitations of the DIFS model family are associated with the assumptions taken in the modeling approach and the three-dimensional (3D) version is here considered to be the most precise among them.

Year of Publication2019
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Journal citation53 (12), pp. 6718-6728
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b00320
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeOrganic P utilization in soils (OPUS)
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online14 May 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted14 May 2019
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN0013-936X

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