Advancing the Understanding of Environmental Transformations, Bioavailability and Effects of Nanomaterials, an International US Environmental Protection Agency—UK Environmental Nanoscience Initiative Joint Program.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Lasat, M. M., Chung, K. F., Lead, J., McGrath, S. P., Owen, R. J., Rocks, S., Unrine, J. and Zhang, J. F. 2018. Advancing the Understanding of Environmental Transformations, Bioavailability and Effects of Nanomaterials, an International US Environmental Protection Agency—UK Environmental Nanoscience Initiative Joint Program. Journal of environmental protection. 9 (4), pp. 385-404. https://doi.org/10.4236/jep.2018.94025

AuthorsLasat, M. M., Chung, K. F., Lead, J., McGrath, S. P., Owen, R. J., Rocks, S., Unrine, J. and Zhang, J. F.
Abstract

Nanotechnology has significant economic, health, and environmental benefits, including renewable energy and innovative environmental solutions. Manufactured nanoparticles have been incorporated into new materials and products because of their novel or enhanced properties. These very same properties also have prompted concerns about the potential environmental and human health hazard and risk posed by the manufactured nanomaterials. Appropriate risk management responses require the development of models capable of predicting the environmental and human health effects of the nanomaterials. Development of predictive models has been hampered by a lack of information concerning the environmental fate, behavior and effects of manufactured nanoparticles. The United Kingdom (UK) Environmental Nanoscience Initiative and the United States (US) Environmental Protection Agency have developed an international research program to enhance the knowledgebase and develop risk-predicting models for manufactured nanoparticles. Here we report selected highlights of the program as it sought to maximize the complementary strengths of the transatlantic scientific communities by funding three integrated US-UK consortia to investigate the transformation of these nanoparticles in terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric environment. Research results demonstrate there is a functional relationship between the physicochemical properties of environmentally transformed nanomaterials and their effects and that this relationship is amenable to modeling. In addition, the joint transatlantic program has allowed the leveraging of additional funding, promoting transboundary scientific collaboration.

KeywordsAquatic Environment; Manufactured Nanomaterials; Consumer Products; Predictive Models; Terrestrial Ecosystem
Year of Publication2018
JournalJournal of environmental protection
Journal citation9 (4), pp. 385-404
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.4236/jep.2018.94025
PubMed ID29910967
Web address (URL)https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29910967/
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Natural Environment Research Council
Funder project or codeTransatlantic initiative for nanotechnology and the environment (TINE)
Transatlantic Initiative for Nanotechnology and the Environment
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online30 Apr 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Apr 2018
ISSN2152-2219
PublisherScientific Research Publishing

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/982y4/advancing-the-understanding-of-environmental-transformations-bioavailability-and-effects-of-nanomaterials-an-international-us-environmental-protection-agency-uk-environmental-nanoscience-initiative

12 total views
3 total downloads
1 views this month
0 downloads this month
Download files as zip