Fungicide resistance status and chemical control options for the brassica pathogen Pyrenopeziza brassicae

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

King, K. M., Bucur, D. E., Hawkins, N. J., Kaczmarek, A. M., Duan, Y., Kildea, S., West, J. S. and Fraaije, B. A. 2021. Fungicide resistance status and chemical control options for the brassica pathogen Pyrenopeziza brassicae. Plant Pathology. pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13441

AuthorsKing, K. M., Bucur, D. E., Hawkins, N. J., Kaczmarek, A. M., Duan, Y., Kildea, S., West, J. S. and Fraaije, B. A.
Abstract

Pyrenopeziza brassicae causes leaf spot disease of Brassicaceae in Europe/Oceania (lineage 1) and North America (lineage 2). In Europe, fungicides currently used for disease management are sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) inhibitors (azoles), quinone outside inhibitors (QoIs), and succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors (SDHIs); methyl benzimidazole carbamates (MBCs) are no longer applied. In this study, in vitro screening revealed European populations (collected 2018–2020) had shifted towards decreased azole sensitivity, but the North American population (2014–2016) was highly sensitive. Genotyping revealed CYP51 substitutions G460S or S508T were prevalent in European populations, often with a CYP51 promoter insert. Compared to wildtype CYP51 isolates, those with G460S plus an insert (44/46/151/210/302 bp) were c.25–32-fold and c.50-fold less sensitive to tebuconazole and prochloraz, respectively; those with S508T plus an insert (44/46/151/233 bp) were c.9–15-fold and c.25–40-fold less sensitive to tebuconazole and prochloraz, respectively. Selection for G460S (quantified via pyrosequencing) under different fungicide regimes was investigated in UK field trials, but G460S levels were high (c.76%) before treatment, so further selection during the trials was unclear. Despite the high G460S frequency and low disease pressure, yield data indicated measurable benefit for both azole- and non-azole-based programmes. In vitro screening against the MBC carbendazim showed European populations were predominantly moderately resistant/resistant; the North American population was sensitive. European and North American populations were sensitive to QoI (pyraclostrobin) and SDHI (penthiopyrad) fungicides. Results support an azole plus QoI/SDHI mixing partner for robust disease control and decreased risk of resistance, with continued sensitivity monitoring to ensure optimal strategies are deployed.

KeywordsDisease control; Fungicide resistance; Genotyping; Resistance management; Selection
Year of Publication2021
JournalPlant Pathology
Journal citationpp. 1-18
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13441
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board
Teagasc
Funder project or codeBBSRC Strategic Programme in Smart Crop Protection
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Aug 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Jul 2021
PublisherWiley
ISSN0032-0862

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