RIN4 homologs from important crop species differentially regulate the Arabidopsis NB-LRR immune receptor, RPS2

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Alam, M., Tahir, J., Siddiqui, A., Magzoub, M., Shahzad-ul-Hussan, S., Mackey, D. and Afzal, J. 2021. RIN4 homologs from important crop species differentially regulate the Arabidopsis NB-LRR immune receptor, RPS2. Plant Cell Reports. 40 (12), pp. 2341-2356. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-021-02771-9

AuthorsAlam, M., Tahir, J., Siddiqui, A., Magzoub, M., Shahzad-ul-Hussan, S., Mackey, D. and Afzal, J.
Abstract

Pathogens deploy virulence effectors to perturb host processes. Plants utilize intracellular resistance (R) proteins to recognize pathogen effectors either by direct interaction or indirectly via effector-mediated perturbations of host components. RPM1-INTERACTING PROTEIN4 (RIN4) is a plant immune regulator that mediates the indirect activation of multiple, independently evolved R-proteins by multiple, unrelated effector proteins. One of these, RPS2 (RESISTANT TO P. SYRINGAE2), is activated upon cleavage of Arabidopsis (At)RIN4 by the Pseudomonas syringae effector AvrRpt2. To gain insight into the AvrRpt2-RIN4-RPS2 defense-activation module, we compared the function of AtRIN4 with RIN4 homologs present in a diverse range of plant species. We selected seven homologs containing conserved features of AtRIN4, including two NOI (Nitrate induced) domains, each containing a predicted cleavage site for AvrRpt2, and a C-terminal palmitoylation site predicted to mediate membrane tethering of the proteins. Palmitoylation-mediated tethering of AtRIN4 to the plasma membrane and cleavage by AvrRpt2 are required for suppression and activation of RPS2, respectively. While all seven homologs are localized at the plasma membrane, only four suppress RPS2 when transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana. All seven homologs are cleaved by AvrRpt2 and, for those homologs that are able to suppress RPS2, cleavage relieves suppression of RPS2. Further, we demonstrate that the membrane-tethered, C-terminal AvrRpt2-generated cleavage fragment is sufficient for the suppression of RPS2. Lastly, we show that the membrane localization of RPS2 is unaffected by its suppression or activation status.

KeywordsRIN$ homologs; RPS2; AvrRpt2; R-protein; Nicotiana benthamiana ; Pseudomonas syringae
Year of Publication2021
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Journal citation40 (12), pp. 2341-2356
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-021-02771-9
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online05 Sep 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Aug 2021
ISSN0721-7714
PublisherSpringer

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