Michael Lee

NameMichael Lee
Job titlePrincipal Research Scientist - Head of Sustainable Agricultural Sciences North Wyke
Email addressmichael.lee@rothamsted.ac.uk
DepartmentSustainable Agriculture Sciences North Wyke
Research clusterSAS-NW: Grazing Livestock Systems
Preferred citationLee, M. R. F.
OfficeNorth Wyke

Research outputs

The ‘Palo a Pique’ Long-Term Research Platform: First 25 years of a Crop-Livestock Experiment in Uruguay

Rovira, P., Ayala, W., Terra, J., Garcia-Prechac, F, Harris, P., Lee, M. R. F. and Rivero, M. J. 2020. The ‘Palo a Pique’ Long-Term Research Platform: First 25 years of a Crop-Livestock Experiment in Uruguay. Agronomy. 10 (3), p. 441.

Application of monoclonal antibodies in quantifying fungal growth dynamics during aerobic spoilage of silage

Le Cocq, K., Brown, B., Hodgson, C. J., McFadzean, J., Horrocks, C. A., Lee, M. R. F. and Davies, D. 2020. Application of monoclonal antibodies in quantifying fungal growth dynamics during aerobic spoilage of silage. Microbial Biotechnology.

Some challenges and opportunities for grazing dairy cows on temperate pastures

Wilkinson, J. M., Lee, M. R. F., Rivero, M. J. and Chamberlain, T. 2019. Some challenges and opportunities for grazing dairy cows on temperate pastures. Grass and Forage Science. 00, pp. 1-17.

Comparative Nutrient Profiling of Retail Goat and Cow Milk

Stergiadis, S., Norskov, N. P., Purup, S., Givens, I. P. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. Comparative Nutrient Profiling of Retail Goat and Cow Milk. Nutrients. 11 (10), p. 2282.

The Mycotoxin Deoxynivalenol Significantly Alters the Function and Metabolism of Bovine Kidney Epithelial Cells In Vitro

Bailey, J. R., Breton, J., Panic, G., Cogan, T. A., Bailey, M., Swann, J. A. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. The Mycotoxin Deoxynivalenol Significantly Alters the Function and Metabolism of Bovine Kidney Epithelial Cells In Vitro. Toxins. 11 (10), p. 554.

The potential of silage lactic acid bacteria derived Nano-selenium as a dietary supplement in sheep

Lee, M. R. F., Fleming, H. R., Whittington, F., Hodgson, C. J., Suraj, P. T. and Davies, D. R. 2019. The potential of silage lactic acid bacteria derived Nano-selenium as a dietary supplement in sheep. Animal Production Science. 59 (11), pp. 1999-2009.

Applications of nutritional functional units in commodity-level life cycle assessment (LCA) of agri-food systems

McAuliffe, G. A., Takahashi, T. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. Applications of nutritional functional units in commodity-level life cycle assessment (LCA) of agri-food systems. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment.

Insights into Pasteurellaceae carriage dynamics in the nasal passages of healthy beef calves

Lee, M. R. F., Bailey, M., Mead, A., Morales-Aza, B., Reynolds, R., Vipond, B., Finn, A., Eisler, M.C. and Thomas, A.C. 2019. Insights into Pasteurellaceae carriage dynamics in the nasal passages of healthy beef calves. Scientific Reports. 9 (11943), p. 11943.

Survey of husbandry and health on UK commercial dairy goat farms

Anzuino, K., Knowles, T. G., Lee, M. R. F. and Grogono-Thomas, R. 2019. Survey of husbandry and health on UK commercial dairy goat farms. Veterinary Record.

Assessing the environmental impact of ruminant production systems

Takahashi, T., McAuliffe, G. A. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. Assessing the environmental impact of ruminant production systems. in: Weidema, B. (ed.) Assessing the environmental impact of agriculture Cambridge Burleigh Dodds. pp. 121-138

Assessing the ability of silage lactic acid bacteria to incorporate and transform inorganic selenium within laboratory scale silos

Lee, M. R. F., Fleming, H. R., Cogan, T., Hodgson, C. J. and Davies, D. R. 2019. Assessing the ability of silage lactic acid bacteria to incorporate and transform inorganic selenium within laboratory scale silos. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 253 (June), pp. 125-134.

Effects of soybean oil supplements to diets of lactating dairy cows, on productive performance, and milk fat acids profile: a meta-analysis

Mahdavi, A., Mahdavi, A., Darabighane, B., Mead, A. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. Effects of soybean oil supplements to diets of lactating dairy cows, on productive performance, and milk fat acids profile: a meta-analysis. Italian Journal of Animal Science.

Livestock Performance for Sheep and Cattle Grazing Lowland Permanent Pasture: Benchmarking Potential of Forage-Based Systems

Orr, R. J., Griffith, B. A., Rivero-Viera, J. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. Livestock Performance for Sheep and Cattle Grazing Lowland Permanent Pasture: Benchmarking Potential of Forage-Based Systems . Agronomy. 9 (2), p. 101.

Does the “high sugar” trait of perennial ryegrass cultivars express under temperate climate conditions?

Rivero, M. J., Balocchi, O. A., Moscoso, C.J., Siebald, J. A., Neumann, F. L., Meyer, D. and Lee, M. R. F. 2019. Does the “high sugar” trait of perennial ryegrass cultivars express under temperate climate conditions? Grass and Forage Science. 74 (3), pp. 496-508.

Laminitis in dairy goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) on a low-forage diet

Groenevelt, M., Anzuino, K., Cahalan, S. D., Hunt, N., Lee, M. R. F. and Grogono-Thomas, R. 2018. Laminitis in dairy goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) on a low-forage diet. Veterinary Record Case Reports. 6 (4), p. e000652.

Replacing a permanent pasture and its effect in the first year on a commercial dairy farm

Rivero-Viera, J., Orr, R. J., Coumbe, J., Willson, B., Evans, J. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Replacing a permanent pasture and its effect in the first year on a commercial dairy farm. Agro Sur. 46 (1), pp. 3-12.

Nitrogen and fatty acid rumen metabolism in cattle offered high or low polyphenol oxidase red clover silage

Lee, M. R. F., Fychan, R., Tweed, J. K. S., Gordon, N., Theobald V., Yadav, R. and Marshall, A. 2018. Nitrogen and fatty acid rumen metabolism in cattle offered high or low polyphenol oxidase red clover silage. Animal. pp. 1-12.

What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver sustainable intensification in the UK?

Dicks, L. V., Rose, D. C., Ang, F., Aston, S., Birch, A. N. E., Boatman, N., Bowles, E. L., Chadwick, D., Dinsdale, A., Durham S., Elliot, J., Firbank, L., Humphreys, S., Jarvis, P., Jones, D., Kindred, D., Knight, S. M., Lee, M. R. F., Leifert, C., Lobley, M., Matthews, K., Midmer, A., Moore, M., Morris, C., Mortimer, S., Murray, T. C., Norman, K., Ramsden, S., Roberts, D., Smith L. G., Soffe, R., Stoate, C., Taylor, B., Tinker, D., Topliff, M., Wallace, J., Williams, P., Wilson, P., Winter, M. and Sutherland, W. J. 2018. What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver sustainable intensification in the UK? Food and Energy Security. e00148, pp. 1-15.

Size does matter: Parallel evolution of adaptive thermal tolerance and body size facilitates adaptation to climate change in domestic cattle

Elayadeth-Meethal, M., Veettil, A. T., Maloney, S. K., Hawkins, N., Misselbrook, T. H., Sejian, V., Rivero-Viera, J. M. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Size does matter: Parallel evolution of adaptive thermal tolerance and body size facilitates adaptation to climate change in domestic cattle. Ecology and Evolution. 8 (21), pp. 10608-10620.

Fatty acid profile changes during gradual soil water depletion in oats suggests a role for Jasmonates in coping with drought

Sanchez-Martin, J., Canales, F. J., Tweed, J. K. S., Lee, M. R. F., Rubiales, D., Gomez-Cadenas, A., Arbona, V., Mur, L. A. J. and Prats, E. 2018. Fatty acid profile changes during gradual soil water depletion in oats suggests a role for Jasmonates in coping with drought. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9, p. 1077.

Framework for life cycle assessment of livestock production systems to account for the nutritional quality of final products

Mcauliffe, G. A., Takahashi, T. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Framework for life cycle assessment of livestock production systems to account for the nutritional quality of final products. Food and Energy Security.

China’s livestock transition: Driving forces, impacts, and consequences

Bai, Z., Ma, W., Velthof, G. L., Wei, Z., Havlik, P., Oenema, O., Lee, M. R. F. and Zhang, F. 2018. China’s livestock transition: Driving forces, impacts, and consequences. Science Advances. 4 (7), p. eaar8534.

Livestock production evolving to contribute to sustainable societies

Gill, M., Gibson, J. P. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Livestock production evolving to contribute to sustainable societies. Animal. 12 (8), pp. 1696-1698.

The effect of trophic level on individual amino acid δ15N values in a terrestrial ruminant food web

Kendall, I. P., Lee, M. R. F. and Evershed, R. P. 2018. The effect of trophic level on individual amino acid δ15N values in a terrestrial ruminant food web. STAR: Science and Technology of Archaeological Research. 3 (1), pp. 135-145.

An altered tocopherol composition in chloroplasts reduces plant resistance to Botrytis cinerea

Cela, J., Tweed, J. K. S., Sivakumaran, A., Lee, M. R. F., Mur, L. A. J. and Munne-Bosch, S. 2018. An altered tocopherol composition in chloroplasts reduces plant resistance to Botrytis cinerea. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 127, pp. 200-210.

The Importance of Sustained Grassland and Environmental Research: A Case Study From North Wyke Research Station, UK, 1982–2017

Blackwell, M. S. A., Jarvis, S. C., Wilkins, R. J., Beaumont, D. A., Cardenas, L. M., Chadwick, D. R., Collins, A. L., Dungait, J. A. J., Gibb, M. J., Hopkins, A., Lee, M. R. F., Misselbrook, T. H., Murray, P. J. and Tallowin, J. R. B. 2018. The Importance of Sustained Grassland and Environmental Research: A Case Study From North Wyke Research Station, UK, 1982–2017. in: Sparks, D. L. (ed.) Advances in Agronomy. Volume 149 Elsevier. pp. 161-235

Data to calculate emissions intensity for individual beef cattle reared on pasture-based production systems

McAuliffe, G. A., Takahashi, T., Orr, R. J., Harris, P. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Data to calculate emissions intensity for individual beef cattle reared on pasture-based production systems. Data in Brief. 17, pp. 570-574.

Roles of instrumented farm-scale trials in trade-off assessments of pasture-based ruminant production systems

Takahashi, T., Harris, P., Blackwell, M. S. A., Cardenas, L. M., Collins, A. L., Dungait, J. A. J., Hawkins, J. M. B., Misselbrook, T. H., McAuliffe, G. A., McFadzean, J. N., Murray, P. J., Orr, R. J., Rivero, M. J., Wu, L. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Roles of instrumented farm-scale trials in trade-off assessments of pasture-based ruminant production systems. Animal. 12 (8), pp. 1766-1776.

Global environmental costs of China's thirst for milk

Bai, Z., Lee, M. R. F., Ma, L., Ledgard, S., Oenema. O., Velthof, G. L., Ma, W., Guo, M., Zhao, Z., Wei, S., Li, S., Liu, X., Havlik, P., Luo, J., Hu, C. and Zhang, F. 2018. Global environmental costs of China's thirst for milk. Global Change Biology. 24 (5), pp. 2198-2211.

The role of pasture in the diet of ruminant livestock

Lee, M. R. F., Rivero-Viera, J. and Cone, J. W. 2018. The role of pasture in the diet of ruminant livestock. in: Marshall, A. and Collins, R. (ed.) Improving grassland and pasture management in temperate agriculture UK Burleigh Dodds.

Distributions of emissions intensity for individual beef cattle reared on pasture-based production systems

McAuliffe, G. A., Takahashi, T., Orr, R. J., Harris, P. and Lee, M. R. F. 2018. Distributions of emissions intensity for individual beef cattle reared on pasture-based production systems. Journal of Cleaner Production. 171, pp. 1672-1680.

Modelling field scale spatial variation in water run-off, soil moisture, N2O emissions and herbage biomass of a grazed pasture using the SPACSYS model

Liu, Y., Li, Y., Harris, P., Cardenas, L. M., Dunn, R. M., Sint, H. M., Murray, P. J., Lee, M. R. F. and Wu, L. 2018. Modelling field scale spatial variation in water run-off, soil moisture, N2O emissions and herbage biomass of a grazed pasture using the SPACSYS model. Geoderma. 315, pp. 49-58.

Characterisation and development of the bovine respiratory microbiome

Lee, M. R. F., Bailey, M., Finn, A. and Eisler, M. 2017. Characterisation and development of the bovine respiratory microbiome. 68th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science. Wageningen Academic Publishers. doi:10.3920/978-90-8686-859-9

Assessment of soil water, carbon and nitrogen cycling in reseeded grassland on the North Wyke Farm Platform using a process-based model

Li, Y., Liu, Y., Harris, P., Sint, H., Murray, P. J., Lee, M. R. F. and Wu, L. 2017. Assessment of soil water, carbon and nitrogen cycling in reseeded grassland on the North Wyke Farm Platform using a process-based model. Science of the Total Environment. 603-604 (Supplement C), pp. 27-37.

Review: Use of human-edible animal feeds by ruminant livestock

Wilkinson, J. M. and Lee, M. R. F. 2017. Review: Use of human-edible animal feeds by ruminant livestock. Animal. 12 (8), pp. 1735-1743.

A comparison of conventional and 137Cs-based estimates of soil erosion rates on arable and grassland across lowland England and Wales

Evans, R., Collins, A. L., Zhang, Y., Foster, I. D. L., Boardman, J., Sint, H., Lee, M. R. F. and Griffith, B. A. 2017. A comparison of conventional and 137Cs-based estimates of soil erosion rates on arable and grassland across lowland England and Wales. Earth-Science Reviews. 173 (October), pp. 49-64.

Environmental trade-offs of pig production systems under varied operational efficiencies

McAuliffe, G., Takahashi, T., Mogensen, L., Hermansen, J. E., Sage, C. L., Chapman, D. V. and Lee, M. R. F. 2017. Environmental trade-offs of pig production systems under varied operational efficiencies. Journal of Cleaner Production. 165 (1 November), pp. 1163-1173.

Modelling, interpreting and visualizing uncertainties for the North Wyke Farm Platform baseline field surveys

Harris, P., Brunsdon, C., Comber, L., Sint, H., Orr, R., Lee, M. R. F. and Murray, P. 2016. Modelling, interpreting and visualizing uncertainties for the North Wyke Farm Platform baseline field surveys.

The potential of blue lupins as a protein source, in the diets of laying hens

Lee, M. R. F., Parkinson, S., Fleming, H. R., Theobald, V. J., Leemans, D. K. and Burgess, T. 2016. The potential of blue lupins as a protein source, in the diets of laying hens. Veterinary and Animal Science. 1–2 (December), pp. 29-35.

Impact of modern cattle feeding practices on milk fatty acid stable carbon isotope compositions emphasise the need for caution in selecting reference animal tissues and products for archaeological investigations

Roffet-Salque, M., Lee, M. R. F., Timpson, A. and Evershed, R. P. 2016. Impact of modern cattle feeding practices on milk fatty acid stable carbon isotope compositions emphasise the need for caution in selecting reference animal tissues and products for archaeological investigations. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 9 (7), pp. 1343-1348.

Silage and total mixed ration hygienic quality on commercial farms: implications for animal production

Cogan, T., Hawkey, R., Higgie, E., Lee, M. R. F., Mee, E., Parfitt, D., Raj, J., Roderick, S., Walker, N., Ward, P. and Wilkinson, J. M. 2016. Silage and total mixed ration hygienic quality on commercial farms: implications for animal production. Grass and Forage Science. 72 (4), pp. 601-613.

The North Wyke Farm Platform: effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics

Orr, R. J., Murray, P. J., Eyles, C. J., Blackwell, M. S. A., Cardenas, L. M., Collins, A. L., Dungait, J. A. J., Goulding, K. W. T., Griffith, B. A., Gurr, S. J., Harris, P., Hawkins, J. M. B., Misselbrook, T. H., Rawlings, C. J., Shepherd, A., Sint, H. M., Takahashi, T., Tozer, K. N., Whitmore, A. P., Wu, L. and Lee, M. R. F. 2016. The North Wyke Farm Platform: effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics. European Journal of Soil Science. 67 (4), pp. 374-385.

Data mining the North Wyke Farm Platform data sets

Harris, P., Griffith, B. A., Sint, H. M., Cardenas, L. M., Dungait, J. A. J., Orr, R. J. and Lee, M. R. F. 2016. Data mining the North Wyke Farm Platform data sets. Abstracts International Conference on Steps to Sustainable Livestock, Bristol, 12-15 January 2016 .

The North Wyke Farm Platform, a UK national capability for research into sustainability of temperate agricultural grassland management: progress and developments

Harris, P., Dungait, J. A. J., Griffith, B. A., Shepherd, A., Sint, H. M., Blackwell, M. S. A., Cardenas, L. M., Collins, A. L., Goulding, K. W. T., Lee, M. R. F. and Orr, R. J. 2015. The North Wyke Farm Platform, a UK national capability for research into sustainability of temperate agricultural grassland management: progress and developments. EGU.

A case report of lameness in two dairy goat herds; a suspected combination of nutritional factors concurrent with treponeme infection

Groenevelt, M., Anzuino, K., Smith, S., Lee, M. R. F. and Grogono-Thomas, R. 2015. A case report of lameness in two dairy goat herds; a suspected combination of nutritional factors concurrent with treponeme infection. BMC Research Notes. 8, p. 791.

Effects of plant species, stage of maturity, and level of formic acid addition on lipolysis, lipid content, and fatty acid composition during ensiling

Koivunen, E., Jaakkola, S., Heikkila, T., Lampi, A-M., Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A., Lee, M. R. F., Winters, A. L., Shingfield, K. J. and Vanhatalo, A. 2015. Effects of plant species, stage of maturity, and level of formic acid addition on lipolysis, lipid content, and fatty acid composition during ensiling. Journal of Animal Science. 93 (9), pp. 4408-4423.

Intensive farming: When less means more on dairy farms

Eisler , M. C., Lee, M. R. F. and Martin, C. B. 2014. Intensive farming: When less means more on dairy farms. Nature. 512 (7515), p. 371.

Microbial pathogen control in the beef chain: Recent research advances

Buncic, S., Nychas, G-J., Lee, M. R. F., Koutsoumanis, K., Hebraud, M., Desvaux, M., Chorianopoulos, N., Bolton, D., Blagojevevic, B. and Antic, D. 2014. Microbial pathogen control in the beef chain: Recent research advances. Meat Science. 97 (3), pp. 288-297.

Effect of replacing grass silage with red clover silage on nutrient digestion, nitrogen metabolism, and milk fat composition in lactating cows fed diets containing a 60: 40 forage-to-concentrate ratio

Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A., Vanhatalo, A., Toivonen, V., Heikkila, T., Lee, M. R. F. and Shingfield, K. J. 2014. Effect of replacing grass silage with red clover silage on nutrient digestion, nitrogen metabolism, and milk fat composition in lactating cows fed diets containing a 60: 40 forage-to-concentrate ratio. Journal of Dairy Science. 97 (6), pp. 3761-3776.

The effect of high polyphenol oxidase grass silage on metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids and nitrogen across the rumen of beef steers

Lee, M. R. F., Theobald, V. J., Gordon, N., Leyland, M., Tweed, J. K. S., Fychan, R. and Scollan, N. D. 2014. The effect of high polyphenol oxidase grass silage on metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids and nitrogen across the rumen of beef steers. Journal of Animal Science. 92 (11), pp. 5076-5087.

Beef productivity on the North Wyke Farm Platform in two baseline years

Thompson, J. B., Orr, R. J., Dungait, J. A. J., Murray, P. J. and Lee, M. R. F. 2014. Beef productivity on the North Wyke Farm Platform in two baseline years. Hopkins, A. (ed.) EGF at 50: the Future of European Grasslands. Proceedings of the 25th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Aberystwyth, 7-11 September 2014 . pp. 644-646

Forage polyphenol oxidase and ruminant livestock nutrition

Lee, M. R. F. 2014. Forage polyphenol oxidase and ruminant livestock nutrition. Frontiers in Plant Science. 5, p. 694.

Agriculture: Steps to sustainable livestock

Eisler, M. C., Lee, M. R. F., Tarlton, J. F., Martin, G. B., Beddington, J., Dungait, J. A. J., Greathead, H., Liu, J., Mathew, S., Miller, H., Misselbrook, T. H., Murray, P. J., Vinod, V. K., Van Saun, R. and Winter, M. 2014. Agriculture: Steps to sustainable livestock. Nature. 507 (6 March), pp. 32-34.

The development of chlorophyll-based markers in poultry diets to aid detection of fluorescent fecal contamination

Lee, M. R. F., Leemans, D., Theobald, V. J., Fleming, H. R. and Gay, A. P. 2013. The development of chlorophyll-based markers in poultry diets to aid detection of fluorescent fecal contamination. Poultry Science. 92 (12), pp. 3251-3258.

Effect of replacing grass silage with red clover silage on ruminal lipid metabolism in lactating cows fed diets containing a 60:40 forage-to-concentrate ratio

Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A., Vanhatalo, A., Toivonen, V., Heikkila, T., Lee, M. R. F. and Shingfield, K. J. 2013. Effect of replacing grass silage with red clover silage on ruminal lipid metabolism in lactating cows fed diets containing a 60:40 forage-to-concentrate ratio. Journal of Dairy Science. 96 (9), pp. 5882-5900.

Potential of chlorophyll-rich feed ingredients to improve detection of fecal contamination in the abattoir

Lee, M. R. F., Scott, M. B., Veberg-Dahl, A., Evans, P. R., Theobald, V. J., Lundby, F., Scollan, N D. and Wold, J. P. 2013. Potential of chlorophyll-rich feed ingredients to improve detection of fecal contamination in the abattoir. Journal Of Food Protection. 76 (3), pp. 516-522.

Genotyping by RAD sequencing enables mapping of fatty acid composition traits in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne (L.))

Hegarty, M., Yadav, R., Lee, M. R. F., Armstead, I., Sanderson, R., Scollan, N., Powell, W. and Skot, L. 2013. Genotyping by RAD sequencing enables mapping of fatty acid composition traits in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne (L.)). Plant Biotechnology Journal. 11 (5), pp. 572-581.

Comparison of ryegrass and red clover on the fermentation pattern, microbial community and efficiency of diet utilisation in the rumen simulation technique (Rusitec)

Belanche, A., Lee, M. R. F., Moorby, J. M. and Newbold, C. J. 2013. Comparison of ryegrass and red clover on the fermentation pattern, microbial community and efficiency of diet utilisation in the rumen simulation technique (Rusitec). Animal Production Science. 53 (10), pp. 1052-1064.

The use of a plant extract to improve detection of faecal contamination in the abattoir

Lee, M. R. F., Scott, M., Evans, P., Theobald, V., Lundby, F., Scollan, N. and Wold, J-P. 2013. The use of a plant extract to improve detection of faecal contamination in the abattoir. Journal Of Food Protection. 76 (3), pp. 516-522.

Oxidation of ortho‐diphenols in red clover with and without polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and their role in PPO activation and inactivation

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S. and Sullivan, M. L. 2013. Oxidation of ortho‐diphenols in red clover with and without polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and their role in PPO activation and inactivation. Grass and Forage Science. 68 (1), pp. 83-92.

Fatty acid oxidation products (‘green odour’) released from perennial ryegrass following biotic and abiotic stress, potentially have antimicrobial properties against the rumen microbiota resulting in decreased biohydrogenation

Huws, S. A., Scott, M. B., Tweed, J. K. S. and Lee, M. R. F. 2013. Fatty acid oxidation products (‘green odour’) released from perennial ryegrass following biotic and abiotic stress, potentially have antimicrobial properties against the rumen microbiota resulting in decreased biohydrogenation. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 115 (5), pp. 1081-1090.

Characterization of polyphenol oxidase activity in a range of forage ecotypes with different phenol substrates. A new insight for PPO and protein‐bound phenol evaluation

Cabiddu, A., Lee, M. R. F., Decandia, M., Molle, G, Salis, L., Vargiu, M. and Winters, A. L. 2013. Characterization of polyphenol oxidase activity in a range of forage ecotypes with different phenol substrates. A new insight for PPO and protein‐bound phenol evaluation. Grass and Forage Science. 69 (4), pp. 678-692.

Ruminal protozoal contribution to the duodenal flow of fatty acids following feeding of steers on forages differing in chloroplast content

Huws, S. A., Lee, M. R. F., Kingston-Smith, A. H., Kim, E. J., Scott, M. B., Tweed, J. K. S. and Scollan, N. D. 2012. Ruminal protozoal contribution to the duodenal flow of fatty acids following feeding of steers on forages differing in chloroplast content. British Journal Of Nutrition. 108 (12), pp. 2207-2214.

An eight-year investigation of bovine livestock fecal microbiota

Rudi, K., Moen, B., Sekelja, M., Frisli, T. and Lee, M. R. F. 2012. An eight-year investigation of bovine livestock fecal microbiota. Veterinary Microbiology. 160 (3-4), pp. 369-377.

Beef, chicken and lamb fatty acid analysis - a simplified direct bimethylation procedure using freeze-dried material

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Kim, E. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2012. Beef, chicken and lamb fatty acid analysis - a simplified direct bimethylation procedure using freeze-dried material. Meat Science. 92 (4), pp. 863-866.

Effect of linseed oil and fish oil alone or as an equal mixture on ruminal fatty acid metabolism in growing steers fed maize silage-based diets

Shingfield, K. J., Lee, M. R. F., Humphries, D. J., Scollan, N. D., Toivonen. V., Beever, D. E. and Reynolds, C. K. 2011. Effect of linseed oil and fish oil alone or as an equal mixture on ruminal fatty acid metabolism in growing steers fed maize silage-based diets. Journal of Animal Science. 89 (11), pp. 3728-3741.

Red clover polyphenol oxidase and lipid metabolism

Van Ranst, G., Lee, M. R. F. and Fievez, V. 2011. Red clover polyphenol oxidase and lipid metabolism. Animal. 5 (4), pp. 512-521.

The potential of Chlorophyll based dietary markers to improve egg yolk colour of laying chickens

Lee, M. R. F., Jones, H., Fleming, H., Gibson, K. P., Theobald, V. J. and Richardson, R. I. 2011. The potential of Chlorophyll based dietary markers to improve egg yolk colour of laying chickens. British Poultry Abstracts. 7 (1), pp. 61-62.

In vitro rumen simulated (RUSITEC) metabolism of freshly cut or wilted grasses with contrasting polyphenol oxidase activities

Lee, M. R. F., Cabiddu, A., Hou, F., Niderkorn, V., Kim, E. J., Fychan, R. and Scollan, N. D. 2011. In vitro rumen simulated (RUSITEC) metabolism of freshly cut or wilted grasses with contrasting polyphenol oxidase activities. Grass and Forage Science. 66 (2), pp. 196-205.

As yet uncultured bacteria phylogenetically classified as Prevotella, Lachnospiraceae incertae sedis and unclassified Bacteroidales, Clostridiales and Ruminococcaceae may play a predominant role in ruminal biohydrogenation

Huws, S. A., Kim, e. J., Lee, M. R. F., Scott, M. B., Tweed, J. K. S., Pinloche, E., Wallace, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2011. As yet uncultured bacteria phylogenetically classified as Prevotella, Lachnospiraceae incertae sedis and unclassified Bacteroidales, Clostridiales and Ruminococcaceae may play a predominant role in ruminal biohydrogenation. Environmental Microbiology. 13 (6), pp. 1500-1512.

Natural faecal fluorophores and the potential of chlorophyll based markers to optimise fluorescence as a real-time solution for the detection of faecal contamination on carcasses

Lee, M. R. F., Theobald, V. J., Ougham, H. J., Dahl, A. V., Lundby, F., Scollan, N. D. and Wold, J-P. 2010. Natural faecal fluorophores and the potential of chlorophyll based markers to optimise fluorescence as a real-time solution for the detection of faecal contamination on carcasses. Meat Science. 86 (4), pp. 966-975.

Effect of incremental amounts of fish oil in the diet on ruminal lipid metabolism in growing steers

Shingfield, K. L., Lee, M. R. F., Humphries, D. J., Scollan, N. D., Toivonen, V., Reynolds, C. K. and Beever, D. E. 2010. Effect of incremental amounts of fish oil in the diet on ruminal lipid metabolism in growing steers. British Journal Of Nutrition. 104 (1), pp. 56-66.

Comparison of 2 high-throughput spectral techniques to predict differences in diet composition of grazing sheep and cattle

Moorby, J. M., Fraser, M. D., Parveen, I., Lee, M. R. F. and Wold, J. P. 2010. Comparison of 2 high-throughput spectral techniques to predict differences in diet composition of grazing sheep and cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 88 (5), pp. 1905-1913.

The influence of plant polyphenols on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in dried forages at different phenological stages: in vitro study

Cabiddu, A., Salis, L., Tweed, J. K. S., Molle, G., Decandia. M. and Lee, M. R. F. 2010. The influence of plant polyphenols on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in dried forages at different phenological stages: in vitro study. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 90 (5), pp. 829-835.

Immunogold labelling to localize polyphenol oxidase (PPO) during wilting of red clover leaf tissue and the effect of removing cellular matrices on PPO protection of glycerol-based lipid in the rumen

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Cookson, A. and Sullivan, M. L. 2010. Immunogold labelling to localize polyphenol oxidase (PPO) during wilting of red clover leaf tissue and the effect of removing cellular matrices on PPO protection of glycerol-based lipid in the rumen. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 90 (3), pp. 503-510.

Forage type and fish oil cause shifts in rumen bacterial diversity

Huws, S. A., Lee, M. R. F., Muetzel, M., Scott, M. B., Wallace, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2010. Forage type and fish oil cause shifts in rumen bacterial diversity. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 73 (2), pp. 396-407.

Dietary Transformation of Lipid in the Rumen Microbial Ecosystem

Kim, E. J., Huws, S. A., Lee, M. R. F. and Scollan, N. D. 2009. Dietary Transformation of Lipid in the Rumen Microbial Ecosystem. Asian-Australasian Journal Of Animal Sciences. 22 (9), pp. 1341-1350.

A comparison between red clover silage and grass silage feeding on fatty acid composition, meat stability and sensory quality of the M. longissimus muscle of dairy cull cows

Lee, M. R. F., Evans, P., Nute, G. R., Richardson, R. I. and Scollan, N. D. 2009. A comparison between red clover silage and grass silage feeding on fatty acid composition, meat stability and sensory quality of the M. longissimus muscle of dairy cull cows. Meat Science. 81 (4), pp. 738-744.

Red clover polyphenol oxidase: Activation, activity and efficacy under grazing

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Minchin, F. R. and Winters, A. L. 2009. Red clover polyphenol oxidase: Activation, activity and efficacy under grazing. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 149 (3-4), pp. 250-264.

Effect of feeding fresh or conditioned red clover on milk fatty acids and nitrogen utilization in lactating dairy cows

Lee, M. R. F., Theobald, V. J., Tweed, J. K. S., Winters, A. L. and Scollan, N. D. 2009. Effect of feeding fresh or conditioned red clover on milk fatty acids and nitrogen utilization in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 92 (3), pp. 1136-1147.

Rumen protozoa are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids due to the ingestion of chloroplasts

Huws, S. A., Kim, E. J., Kingston-Smith, A. H., Lee, M. R. F., Muetzel, S. M., Cookson, A. R., Newbold, C. J., Wallace, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2009. Rumen protozoa are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids due to the ingestion of chloroplasts. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 69 (3), pp. 461-471.

Effect of fish oil on ruminal biohydrogenation of C18 unsaturated fatty acids in steers fed grass or red clover silages

Lee, M. R. F., Shingfield, K. J., Tweed, J. K. S., Toivonen, V., Huws, S. A. and Scollan, N. D. 2008. Effect of fish oil on ruminal biohydrogenation of C18 unsaturated fatty acids in steers fed grass or red clover silages. Animal. 2 (12), pp. 1859-1869.

Ruminal micro-organisms do not adapt to increase utilization of poly-phenol oxidase protected red clover protein and glycerol-based lipid

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Scollan, N. D. and Sulivan, M. L. 2008. Ruminal micro-organisms do not adapt to increase utilization of poly-phenol oxidase protected red clover protein and glycerol-based lipid. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 88 (14), pp. 2479-2485.

Isomerisation of cis-9 trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) to trans-9 trans-11 CLA during acidic methylation can be avoided by a rapid base catalysed methylation of milk fat

Lee, M. R. F. and Tweed, J. K. S. 2008. Isomerisation of cis-9 trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) to trans-9 trans-11 CLA during acidic methylation can be avoided by a rapid base catalysed methylation of milk fat. Journal Of Dairy Research. 75 (3), pp. 354-356.

Effects of polyphenol oxidase on lipolysis and proteolysis of red clover silage with and without a silage inoculant (Lactobacillus plantarum L54)

Lee, M. R. F., Scott, M. B., Tweed, J. K. S., Minchin, F. R. and Davies, D. R. 2008. Effects of polyphenol oxidase on lipolysis and proteolysis of red clover silage with and without a silage inoculant (Lactobacillus plantarum L54). Animal Feed Science and Technology. 144 (1-2), pp. 125-136.

Advances in microbial ecosystem concepts and their consequences for ruminant agriculture

Edwards, J. E., Huws, S. A., Kim, E. J., Lee, M. R. F., Kingston-Smith, A. H. and Scollan, N. D. 2008. Advances in microbial ecosystem concepts and their consequences for ruminant agriculture. Animal. 2 (5), pp. 653-660.

Fish oil increases the duodenal flow of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and trans-11 18 : 1 and decreases 18 : 0 in steers via changes in the rumen bacterial community

Kim, E. J., Huws, S. A., Lee, M. R. F., Wood, J. D., Muetzel, S. M., Wallace, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2008. Fish oil increases the duodenal flow of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and trans-11 18 : 1 and decreases 18 : 0 in steers via changes in the rumen bacterial community. Journal Of Nutrition. 138 (5), pp. 889-896.

Latent and active Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in red clover (Trifolium pratense) and use of a low PPO mutant to study the role of PPO in proteolysis reduction

Winters, A. L., Minchin, F. R., Michaelson-Yeates, T. P. T., Lee, M. R. F. and Morris, P. 2008. Latent and active Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in red clover (Trifolium pratense) and use of a low PPO mutant to study the role of PPO in proteolysis reduction. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - JAFC. 56 (8), pp. 2817-2824.

Effects of fatty acid oxidation products (green odor) on rumen bacterial populations and lipid metabolism in vitro

Lee, M. R. F., Huws, S. A., Scollan, N. D. and Dewhurst, R. J. 2007. Effects of fatty acid oxidation products (green odor) on rumen bacterial populations and lipid metabolism in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science. 90 (8), pp. 3874-3882.

Lipolysis in red clover with different polyphenol oxidase activities in the presence and absence of rumen fluid

Lee, M. R. F., Parfitt, L. J., Scollan, N. D. and Minchin, F. R. 2007. Lipolysis in red clover with different polyphenol oxidase activities in the presence and absence of rumen fluid. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 87 (7), pp. 1308-1314.

Increasing the concentrations of beneficial polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk produced by dairy cows in high-forage systems

Dewhurst, R. J., Shingfield, K. L., Lee, M. R. F. and Scollan, N. D. 2006. Increasing the concentrations of beneficial polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk produced by dairy cows in high-forage systems. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 131 (3-4), pp. 168-206.

Effects of high-sugar ryegrass silage and mixtures with red clover silage on ruminant digestion. 1. In vitro and in vivo studies of nitrogen utilization

Merry, R. J., Lee, M. R. F., Davies, D. R., Dewhurst, R. J., Moorby, J. M., Scollan, N. D. and Theodorou, M. K. 2006. Effects of high-sugar ryegrass silage and mixtures with red clover silage on ruminant digestion. 1. In vitro and in vivo studies of nitrogen utilization. Journal of Animal Science. 84 (11), pp. 3049-3060.

Effects of high-sugar ryegrass silage and mixtures with red clover silage on ruminant digestion. 2. Lipids

Lee, M. R. F., Connelly, P. L., Tweed, J. K. S., Dewhurst, R. J., Merry, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2006. Effects of high-sugar ryegrass silage and mixtures with red clover silage on ruminant digestion. 2. Lipids. Journal of Animal Science. 84 (11), pp. 3061-3070.

Polyphenol oxidase activity in grass and its effect on plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis of Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) in a simulated rumen environment

Lee, M. R. F., Colmenero, J. D. J. O., Winters, A. L., Scollan, N. D. and Mionchin, F. R. 2006. Polyphenol oxidase activity in grass and its effect on plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis of Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) in a simulated rumen environment. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 86 (10), pp. 1503-1511.

Polyphenols and their influence on gut function and health in ruminants: a review

Lee, M. R. F., Theodorou, M. K., Kingston-Smith, A. H., Winters, A. L., Minchin, F. R., Morris, P. and MacRae, J. 2006. Polyphenols and their influence on gut function and health in ruminants: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters. 4 (3), pp. 121-126.

Effect of forage: concentrate ratio on ruminal metabolism and duodenal flow of fatty acids in beef steers

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Dewhurst, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2006. Effect of forage: concentrate ratio on ruminal metabolism and duodenal flow of fatty acids in beef steers. Animal Science. 82, pp. 31-40.

Lipolysis of red clover with differing polyphenol oxidase activities in batch culture.

Lee, M. R. F., Parfitt, L. J. and Minchin, F. R. 2006. Lipolysis of red clover with differing polyphenol oxidase activities in batch culture. Journal of Animal Science. 84, pp. 101-101.

The effect of fish oil supplementation on ruminal C18PUFA metabolism in beef steers offered either grass or red clover silage.

Lee, M. R. F., Shingfield, K. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2006. The effect of fish oil supplementation on ruminal C18PUFA metabolism in beef steers offered either grass or red clover silage. Journal of Animal Science. 84, pp. 293-294.

The effects of fish oil supplementation on rumen metabolism and the biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids in beef steers given diets containing sunflower oil

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Moloney, A. P. and Scollan ,N. D. 2005. The effects of fish oil supplementation on rumen metabolism and the biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids in beef steers given diets containing sunflower oil. Animal Science. 80 (3), pp. 361-367.

Plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis in red clover with different polyphenol oxidase activities

Lee, M. R. F., Winters, A. L., Scollan, N. D., Dewhurst, R. J., Theodorou, M. K. and Minchin, F. R. 2004. Plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis in red clover with different polyphenol oxidase activities. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 84 (13), pp. 1639-1645.

Effects of diets containing sunflower oil and fish oil on lipid metabolism and fatty acid flow to the duodenum of beef steers

Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J .K. S., Moloney, A. P. and Scollan, N. D. 2004. Effects of diets containing sunflower oil and fish oil on lipid metabolism and fatty acid flow to the duodenum of beef steers. Journal Of Animal And Feed Sciences. 13 (supplement 1), pp. 135-138.

Biohydrogenation and digestion of long chain fatty acids in steers fed on Lolium perenne bred for elevated levels of water-soluble carbohydrate

Scollan, N. D., Lee, M. R. F. and Enser, M. 2003. Biohydrogenation and digestion of long chain fatty acids in steers fed on Lolium perenne bred for elevated levels of water-soluble carbohydrate. Animal Research. 52 (6), pp. 501-511.

The effect of clover silages on long chain fatty acid rumen transformations and digestion in beef steers

Lee, M. R. F., Harris, L. J., Dewhurst, R. J., Merry, R. J. and Scollan, N. D. 2003. The effect of clover silages on long chain fatty acid rumen transformations and digestion in beef steers. Animal Science. 76 (3), pp. 491-501.

Forage breeding and management to increase the beneficial fatty acid content of ruminant products

Dewhurst, R. J., Scollan, N. D., Lee, M. R. F., Ougham, H. J. and Humphreys, M. O. 2003. Forage breeding and management to increase the beneficial fatty acid content of ruminant products. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 62 (2), pp. 329-336.

Effect of increasing availability of water-soluble carbohydrates on in vitro rumen fermentation

Lee, M. R. F., Merry, R. J., Davies, D. R., Moorby, J. M., Humphreys, M. O., Theodorou, M. K., MacRae, J. C. and Scollan, N. D. 2003. Effect of increasing availability of water-soluble carbohydrates on in vitro rumen fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 104 (1-4), pp. 59-70.

Rumen metabolism and nitrogen flow to the small intestine in steers offered Lolium perenne containing different levels of water-soluble carbohydrate

Lee, M. R. F., Harris, L. J., Moorby, J. M., Humphreys, M. O., Theodorou, M. K., MacRae, J. C. and Scollan, N. D. 2002. Rumen metabolism and nitrogen flow to the small intestine in steers offered Lolium perenne containing different levels of water-soluble carbohydrate. Animal Science. 74 (3), pp. 587-596.

In vitro investigation into the nutritive value of Lolium perenne bred for an elevated concentration of water-soluble carbohydrate and the added effect of sample processing: freeze-dried and ground vs. frozen and thawed

Lee, M. R. F., Brooks, A. E., Moorby, J. M., Humphreys, M. O., Theodorou, M. K., MacRae, J. C. and Scollan, N. D. 2002. In vitro investigation into the nutritive value of Lolium perenne bred for an elevated concentration of water-soluble carbohydrate and the added effect of sample processing: freeze-dried and ground vs. frozen and thawed. Animal Research. 51 (4), pp. 269-277.

Development and mapping of SSR markers for maize

Sharopova, N., Mcmullen, M. D., Schultz, L., Schroeder, S., Sanchez-Villeda, H., Gardiner, J., Bergstrom, D., Houchins, K., Melia-Hancock, S., Musket, T., Duru, N., Polacco, M., Edwards, K. J., Ruff, T., Register, J. C., Brouwer, C., Thompson, R., Velasco, R., Chin, E., Lee, M. R. F., Woodman-Clikeman, W., Long, M. J., Liscum, E., Cone, K., Davis, G. and Coe, E. H. Jr 2002. Development and mapping of SSR markers for maize. Plant Molecular Biology. 48 (5-6), pp. 463-481.

Production responses from lambs grazed on Lolium perenne selected for an elevated water-soluble carbohydrate concentration

Lee, M. R. F., Jones , E. L., Moorby, J. M., Humphreys, M. O., Theodorou, M. K., MacRae, J. C. and Scollan, N. D. 2001. Production responses from lambs grazed on Lolium perenne selected for an elevated water-soluble carbohydrate concentration. Animal Research. 50 (6), pp. 441-449.