The effect of environmental conditions upon pyrethrum (chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium). I

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Martin, J. T. and Tattersfield, F. 1934. The effect of environmental conditions upon pyrethrum (chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium). I. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 21 (4), pp. 670-681. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1934.tb07468.x

AuthorsMartin, J. T. and Tattersfield, F.
Abstract

The effect of soil fertility upon the insecticidal value of the flowers has been studied in a series of pot experiments. On heavy soil the pyrethrin I content of the flowers was not increased by the application of fertilisers. The plants produced good yields of flowers, rich in pyre-thrins, when grown in soil of low fertility. Under conditions of normal growth and vitality, the extent of production of the pyrethrins in the flowers was characteristic of the individual plant and was dependent upon some factor which appeared to be genetical in character. A plant initially producing flowers of high or low percentage poison content continued to give flowers of the corresponding degree of richness in succeeding years, independently of the application of manures, or apparently of the number of heads produced. Plants derived from rooted shoots produced flowers corresponding in quality with those initially yielded by the parent plant. The insecticidal value of pyrethrum flowers may be improved by plant selection, followed by vegetative propagation. In the fully open flowers, the complete disc florets contained 90 per cent. of the total pyrethrins present in the flowers, and of this the greater part was found to be located in the ovaries.

Year of Publication1934
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation21 (4), pp. 670-681
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1934.tb07468.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
ISSN17447348
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Oxford

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