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Results of the Classical and other Long-term Experiments

E - Books edited/written by staff member, alone/with others
Macdonald, A. J. Results of the Classical and other Long-term Experiments .

Dissection of environmental and physiological effects on the temperature difference between superior and inferior spikelets within a rice panicle

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Li, Y., Zhou, Q., He, M., Xu, H., Li, G., Ding, Y., Paul, M. J. and Liu, Z. 2021. Dissection of environmental and physiological effects on the temperature difference between superior and inferior spikelets within a rice panicle. The Crop Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2020.10.016

An electric field immobilizes heavy metals through promoting combination with humic substances during composting

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cao, Y., Wang, X., Zhang, X., Misselbrook, T. H., Bai, Z. and Ma, L. 2021. An electric field immobilizes heavy metals through promoting combination with humic substances during composting. Bioresource Technology. 330 (17), p. 124996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2021.124996

Transgenic camelina oil is an effective source of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in diets for farmed rainbow trout, in terms of growth, tissue fatty acid content, and fillet sensory properties

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Osmond, A. T. Y., Arts, M. T., Bazinet, R. P., Napier, J. A., Han, L. and Colombo, S. M. 2021. Transgenic camelina oil is an effective source of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in diets for farmed rainbow trout, in terms of growth, tissue fatty acid content, and fillet sensory properties. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 2021, pp. 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12788

Synaptotagmins at the endoplasmic reticulum–plasma membrane contact sites maintain diacylglycerol homeostasis during abiotic stress

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Ruiz-Lopez, N., Perez-Sancho, J., Del Valle, A. E., Haslam, R. P., Vanneste, S., Catala, R., Perea-Resa, C., Van Damme, D., Garcia-Hernandez, S., Albert A., Vallarino, J., Lin, J., Friml, J., Macho, A. P., Salinas, J., Rosado, A., Napier, J. A., Amorim-Silva, V. and Botella, M. A. 2021. Synaptotagmins at the endoplasmic reticulum–plasma membrane contact sites maintain diacylglycerol homeostasis during abiotic stress. The Plant Cell. p. koab122. https://doi.org/10.1093/plcell/koab122

Cerebrospinal fluid proteome shows disrupted neuronal development in multiple sclerosis

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Mosleth, E. F., Vedeler, C. A., Liland, K. H., Mcleod, A., Bringeland, G. H., Kroondijk, L., Berven, F. S., Lysenko, A., Rawlings, C. J., Eid, K. E-H., Opsahl, J. A., Gjertsen, B. T., Myhr, K-M. and Gavasso, S. 2021. Cerebrospinal fluid proteome shows disrupted neuronal development in multiple sclerosis. Scientific Reports. 11, p. 4087. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82388-w

Combining host plant defence with targeted nutrition: key to durable control of hemiparasitic Striga in cereals in sub-Saharan Africa?

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Mwangangi, I. M., Buchi, L., Haefele, S. M., Bastiaans, L., Runo, S. and Rodenburg, J. 2021. Combining host plant defence with targeted nutrition: key to durable control of hemiparasitic Striga in cereals in sub-Saharan Africa? New Phytologist. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17271

Relative contributions of bacteria and fungi to nitrous oxide emissions following nitrate application in soils representing different land uses

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Castellano-Hinojosa, A., Le Cocq, K., Charteris, A., Abadie, M., Chadwick, D. R., Clark, I. M., Bedmar, E. J. and Cardenas, L. M. 2021. Relative contributions of bacteria and fungi to nitrous oxide emissions following nitrate application in soils representing different land uses. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 159, p. 105199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2021.105199

The problem of omnivory: A synthesis on omnivory and DNA metabarcoding

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tercel, M. P. T. G., Symondson, W. O. C. and Cuff, J. P. 2021. The problem of omnivory: A synthesis on omnivory and DNA metabarcoding. Molecular Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15903

Defining Integrated Weed Management: A Novel Conceptual Framework for Models

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Storkey, J., Helps, J., Hull, R. I., Milne, A. E. and Metcalfe, H. 2021. Defining Integrated Weed Management: A Novel Conceptual Framework for Models. Agronomy. 11 (4), p. 747. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040747

Effects of Phyllostachys pubescens expansion on underground soil fauna community and soil food web in a Cryptomeria japonica plantation, Lushan Mountain, subtropical China

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Lui, W., Liao, L., Liu, Y., Wang, Q., Murray, P. J., Jiang, X., Zou, G., Cai, J. and Zhao, X. 2021. Effects of Phyllostachys pubescens expansion on underground soil fauna community and soil food web in a Cryptomeria japonica plantation, Lushan Mountain, subtropical China. Journal of Soils and Sediments. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-021-02923-0

Evidence for the Involvement of the Chemosensory Protein AgosCSP5 in Resistance to Insecticides in the Cotton Aphid, Aphis gossypii

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Li, F., Venthur, H., Wang, S., Homem, R. A. and Zhou, J-J. 2021. Evidence for the Involvement of the Chemosensory Protein AgosCSP5 in Resistance to Insecticides in the Cotton Aphid, Aphis gossypii. Insects. 12 (4), p. 335. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12040335

Modelling the Interactions of Soils, Climate, and Management for Grass Production in England and Wales

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Giannitsopoulos, M. L., Burgess, P. J., Richter, G. M., Bell, M. J., Topp, C. F. E., Ingram, J. and Takahashi, T. 2021. Modelling the Interactions of Soils, Climate, and Management for Grass Production in England and Wales. Agronomy. 11 (4), p. 677. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040677

Using network ecology to understand and mitigate long‐term insect declines

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Petsopoulos, D., Lunt, D. H., Bell, J. R., Kitson, J. J. N., Collins, L., Boonham, N., Morales-Hojas, R. and Evans, D. M. 2021. Using network ecology to understand and mitigate long‐term insect declines. Ecological Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.13035

Seed Banks as Incidental Fungi Banks: Fungal Endophyte Diversity in Stored Seeds of Banana Wild Relatives

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hill, R., Llewellyn, T., Downes, E., Oddy, J., MacIntosh, C., Kallow, S. A., Panis, B., Dickie, J. B. and Gaya, E. 2021. Seed Banks as Incidental Fungi Banks: Fungal Endophyte Diversity in Stored Seeds of Banana Wild Relatives. Frontiers in Microbiology. 12, p. 643731. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.643731

Late Quaternary evolution of a lowland anastomosing river system: Geological-topographic inheritance, non-uniformity and implications for biodiversity and management

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Brown, A. G., Rhodes, E. J., Davis, S., Zhang, Y., Pears, B., Whitehouse, N. J., Bradley, C., Bennett, J., Schwenninger, J-L., Firth, A., Firth, E., Hughes, P. and Walling, D. 2021. Late Quaternary evolution of a lowland anastomosing river system: Geological-topographic inheritance, non-uniformity and implications for biodiversity and management. Quaternary Science Reviews. 260, p. 106929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106929

Outputs: Potassium Losses from Agricultural Systems

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Goulding, K. W. T. 2021. Outputs: Potassium Losses from Agricultural Systems. in: Murrell, S. T., Mikkelsen, R. L., Sulewski, G., Norton, R. and Thompson, M. L. (ed.) Improving Potassium Recommendations for Agricultural Crops Cham, Switzerland Springer. pp. 75-97

Evolution of secondary inorganic aerosols amidst improving PM2.5 air quality in the North China plain

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhang, Y., Liu, X, Tang, A., Goulding, K. W. T. and Collett, J. L. 2021. Evolution of secondary inorganic aerosols amidst improving PM2.5 air quality in the North China plain. Environmental Pollution. 281, p. 117027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117027

Liming impacts barley yield over a wide concentration range of soil exchangeable cations

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Holland, J. E., White, P .J., Thauvin, J. N., Jordan-Meille, L., Haefele, S. M., Thomas, C. L., Goulding, K. W. T. and McGrath, S. P. 2021. Liming impacts barley yield over a wide concentration range of soil exchangeable cations. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-020-10117-2

Three LysM effectors of Zymoseptoria tritici collectively disarm chitin‐triggered plant immunity

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tian, H., MacKenzie, C. I., Rodriguez-Moreno, L., Van den Berg, G. C. M., Chen, H., Rudd, J. J., Mesters, J. R. and Thomma, B. P. H. J. 2021. Three LysM effectors of Zymoseptoria tritici collectively disarm chitin‐triggered plant immunity. Molecular Plant Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.13055

The driving effect of nitrogen-related functional microorganisms under water and nitrogen addition on N2O emission in a temperate desert

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Yue, P., Zuo, X, Li, K., Cui, X., Wang, S., Misselbrook, T. H. and Liu, X. 2021. The driving effect of nitrogen-related functional microorganisms under water and nitrogen addition on N2O emission in a temperate desert. Science of the Total Environment. 772, p. 145470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145470

The relative abundance of wheat Rubisco activase isoforms is post‑transcriptionally regulated

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Perdomo, J. A., Buchner, P. H. and Carmo-Silva, E. 2021. The relative abundance of wheat Rubisco activase isoforms is post‑transcriptionally regulated. Photosynthesis Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11120-021-00830-6

Deposition and erosion behaviour of cohesive sediments in the upper River Taw observatory, southwest UK: Implications for management and modelling

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Stone, M, Krishnappan, B. G., Granger, S. J., Upadhayay, H., Zhang, Y., Chivers, C., Decent, Q. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Deposition and erosion behaviour of cohesive sediments in the upper River Taw observatory, southwest UK: Implications for management and modelling. Journal of Hydrology. 598 (126145). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2021.126145

Within-field spatial variability of greenhouse gas fluxes from an extensive and intensive sheep-grazed pasture

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Charteris, A. F., Harris, P., Marsden, K. A., Harris, I. M., Guo, Z., Beaumont, D. A., Taylor, H., Sanfratello, G., Jones, D. L., Johnson, S. C. M., Whelan, M. J., Howden, N., Sint, H. M., Chadwick, D. R. and Cardenas, L. M. 2021. Within-field spatial variability of greenhouse gas fluxes from an extensive and intensive sheep-grazed pasture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 312, p. 107355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2021.107355

Cycling of reduced phosphorus compounds in soil and potential impacts of climate change

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Kehler, A. P., Haygarth, P. M., Tamburini, F. and Blackwell, M. S. A. 2021. Cycling of reduced phosphorus compounds in soil and potential impacts of climate change . European Journal of Soil Science. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13121

Rothamsted Library through the years

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Fearnhead, C. 2021. Rothamsted Library through the years. New Review of Academic Librarianship. 1 (1), pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.123456

Soil temperature and bacterial diversity regulate the impact of irrigation and fertilization practices on ecosystem respiration

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Fan, Y. Q., Hao, X. M., Carswell, A. M., Misselbrook, T. H., Ding, R. S., Li, S. and Kang, S. Z. 2021. Soil temperature and bacterial diversity regulate the impact of irrigation and fertilization practices on ecosystem respiration. Agronomy Journal. pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20613

Effects of soil incorporation depth of Biodiesel Co Product (BCP) additions on N leaching losses and on genes involved in soil nitrogen cycling in an acidic Chinese tea soil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Shen, Q, Song, J., Zhang, K., Voroney, P., Li, J., Xu, J. and Brookes, P. C. 2021. Effects of soil incorporation depth of Biodiesel Co Product (BCP) additions on N leaching losses and on genes involved in soil nitrogen cycling in an acidic Chinese tea soil. Biology And Fertility Of Soils. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-021-01558-0

The vesicular trafficking system component MIN7 is required for minimizing Fusarium graminearum infection

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Wood, A. K. M., Panwar, V., Grimwade-Mann, M., Ashfield, T., Hammond-Kosack, K. E. and Kanyuka, K. 2021. The vesicular trafficking system component MIN7 is required for minimizing Fusarium graminearum infection. Journal of Experimental Botany. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erab170

Morpho-physiological traits and leaf surface chemicals as markers conferring resistance to sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata Rondani)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Nitnavare, R. B., Arora, N., Mishra, S. P., Jaba, J., Kumar, A. A., Bhattacharya, J., Sohu, R. S. and Sharma, H. C. 2021. Morpho-physiological traits and leaf surface chemicals as markers conferring resistance to sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata Rondani). Field Crops Research. 261 (Feb), p. 108029. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2020.108029

Long-term effect of magnesium and iron nanoparticles on solute transport in saturated condition

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Daraei, E., Bayat, H., Zamani, P. and Gregory, A. S. 2021. Long-term effect of magnesium and iron nanoparticles on solute transport in saturated condition. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2021.1896708

Spatial modelling of soil salinity: deep or shallow learning models?

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Mohammadifar, A., Gholami, H., Golzari, S. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Spatial modelling of soil salinity: deep or shallow learning models? Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-13503-7

Contrasting Responses of Rhizosphere Bacterial, Fungal, Protist and Nematode Communities to Nitrogen Fertilisation and Crop Genotype in Field Grown Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Picot, E., Hale, C. C., Hilton, S., Teakle, G. R., Schafer, H., Huang, Y-J., Perryman, S. A. M., West, J. S. and Bending, G. D. 2021. Contrasting Responses of Rhizosphere Bacterial, Fungal, Protist and Nematode Communities to Nitrogen Fertilisation and Crop Genotype in Field Grown Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus). Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 5 (article), p. 613269. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2021.613269

Mineral and biological ice-nucleating particles above the South East of the British Isles

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Sanchez-Marroquin, A., West, J. S., Burke, I., McQuaid, J. B. and Murray, B. J. 2021. Mineral and biological ice-nucleating particles above the South East of the British Isles. Environmental science : Atmospheres. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1EA00003A.

Effects of temperature and leaf age on conidial germination and disease development of powdery mildew on rubber tree

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cao, X., Xu, X., Che, H., West, J. S. and Luo, D. 2021. Effects of temperature and leaf age on conidial germination and disease development of powdery mildew on rubber tree. Plant Pathology. 70 (2), pp. 484-491.

Population structure, pathogenicity, and fungicide sensitivity of Colletotrichum siamense from different hosts in Hainan, China

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cao, X., Zhu, Z., Che, H., West, J. S., Lin, Y., Luo, D. and Xu, X. 2021. Population structure, pathogenicity, and fungicide sensitivity of Colletotrichum siamense from different hosts in Hainan, China. Plant Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13361

Factors affecting site use preference of grazing cattle studied from 2000 to 2020 through GPS tracking - A review

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Rivero, M. J., Grau, P., Mullan, S., Held, S. D. E., Stokes, J., Lee, M. R. F. and Cardenas, L. M. 2021. Factors affecting site use preference of grazing cattle studied from 2000 to 2020 through GPS tracking - A review. Sensors. 21 (8), p. 2696. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21082696

Spatial changes and driving variables of topsoil organic carbon stocks in Chinese croplands under different fertilization strategies

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Ren, F., Misselbrook, T. H., Sun, N., Zhang, X., Zhang, S., Jiao, J., Xu, M. and Wu, L. 2021. Spatial changes and driving variables of topsoil organic carbon stocks in Chinese croplands under different fertilization strategies. Science of the Total Environment. 767 (article), p. 144350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144350

The State of Britain’s Larger Moths 2021

D - Report
Fox, R., Dennis, E. B., Harrower, C. A., Blumgart, D., Bell, J. R., et al., Shortall, C. R. and et al. 2021. The State of Britain’s Larger Moths 2021. Butterfly Conservation, Rothamsted Research and UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Butterfly Conservation.

Sex Pheromone of the Alfalfa Plant Bug, Adelphocoris lineolatus: Pheromone Composition and Antagonistic Effect of 1- Hexanol (Hemiptera: Miridae)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Koczor, S., Vuts, J., Caulfield, J. C., Withall, D., Sarria, A. L. F., Pickett, J. A., Birkett, M. A., Csonka, E. B. and Toth, M. 2021. Sex Pheromone of the Alfalfa Plant Bug, Adelphocoris lineolatus: Pheromone Composition and Antagonistic Effect of 1- Hexanol (Hemiptera: Miridae). Journal of Chemical Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-021-01273-y

Priming of indirect defence responses in maize is genotype-specific

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Michereff, M., Grynberg, P. P., Togawa, R. C., Costa, M. M. C., Laumann, R. A., Zhou, J-J., Schimmelpfeng, P. H. C., Borges, M., Pickett, J. A., Birkett, M. A. and Blassioli-Moraes, C. 2021. Priming of indirect defence responses in maize is genotype-specific. Arthropod-Plant Interactions. 15, p. 313–328. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-021-09826-4

Contrasting levels of genetic predictability in the evolution of resistance to major classes of fungicides

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hawkins, N. J. and Fraaije, B. A. 2021. Contrasting levels of genetic predictability in the evolution of resistance to major classes of fungicides. Molecular Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15877

The Effects of Dietary Saponins on Ruminal Methane Production and Fermentation Parameters in Sheep: A Meta Analysis

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Darabighane, B., Mahdavi, A., Aghjehgheshlagh, F. M., Navidshad, B., Yousefi, M. H. and Lee, M. R. F. 2021. The Effects of Dietary Saponins on Ruminal Methane Production and Fermentation Parameters in Sheep: A Meta Analysis. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science. 11 (1), pp. 15-21.

Predicting land susceptibility to atmospheric dust emissions in central Iran by combining integrated data mining and a regional climate model

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gholami, H., Mohamadifar, A., Rahimi, S., Kaskaoutis, D.G. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Predicting land susceptibility to atmospheric dust emissions in central Iran by combining integrated data mining and a regional climate model . Atmospheric Pollution Research. 12 (4), pp. 172-187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2021.03.005

Elucidating suspended sediment dynamics in a glacierized catchment after an exceptional erosion event: The Djankuat catchment, Caucasus Mountains, Russia

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tsyplenkov, A., Vanmaercke, M., Collins, A. L., Kharchenko, S. and Golosov, V. 2021. Elucidating suspended sediment dynamics in a glacierized catchment after an exceptional erosion event: The Djankuat catchment, Caucasus Mountains, Russia. Catena. 203 (105285). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105285

Editorial: CRISPR-Cas in Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Kumar, S., Rymarquis, L. A., Ezura, H. and Nekrasov, V. 2021. Editorial: CRISPR-Cas in Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges. Frontiers in Plant Science. 12 (article), p. 672329. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.672329

Emerging from Below? Understanding the Livelihood Trajectories of Smallholder Livestock Farmers in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gwiriri, L., Bennet, J., Mapiye, C. and Burbi, S. 2021. Emerging from Below? Understanding the Livelihood Trajectories of Smallholder Livestock Farmers in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Land. 10 (article), p. 226. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020226

Metabolic and productive response and grazing behavior of lactating dairy cows supplemented with high moisture maize or cracked wheat grazing at two herbage allowances in spring

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Merino, V.M., Leichtle, L., Balocchi, O.A., Lanuza, F, Parga, J., Delagarde, R., Ruiz‐Albarran, M., Rivero, M. J. and Pulido, R.G. 2021. Metabolic and productive response and grazing behavior of lactating dairy cows supplemented with high moisture maize or cracked wheat grazing at two herbage allowances in spring. Animals. 11 (4), p. 919. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11040919

Agricultural intensification and climate change have increased the threat from weeds

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Storkey, J., Mead, A., Addy, J. and Macdonald, A. J. 2021. Agricultural intensification and climate change have increased the threat from weeds. Global Change Biology. pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15585

Impact of biochar on nutrient supply, crop yield and microbial respiration on sandy soils of northern Germany

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Knoblauch, C., Priyadarshani, S. H. R., Haefele, S. M., Schroder, N. and Pfeiffer, E-M. 2021. Impact of biochar on nutrient supply, crop yield and microbial respiration on sandy soils of northern Germany. European Journal of Soil Science. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13088

In quest of nitrogen use efficient rice genotypes for drought-prone rainfed ecosystems

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Karmaker, B., Haefele, S. M., Henry, A., Kabir, M. H., Islam, A. and Biswas, J. C. 2021. In quest of nitrogen use efficient rice genotypes for drought-prone rainfed ecosystems. Frontiers in Agronomy. https://doi.org/10.3389/fagro.2020.607792

Soil spectroscopy with the use of chemometrics, machine learning and pre-processing techniques in soil diagnosis: Recent advances–A review

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Barra, I., Haefele, S. M., Sakrabani, R. and Kebede, F. 2021. Soil spectroscopy with the use of chemometrics, machine learning and pre-processing techniques in soil diagnosis: Recent advances–A review. Trends in Analytical Chemistry - TrAC. 135 (February), p. 116166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2020.116166

Plant Available Zinc Is Influenced by Landscape Position in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Desta, M. K., Broadley, M. R., McGrath, S. P., Hernandez-Allica, J., Hassall, K. L., Gameda. S., Amede. T. and Haefele, S. M. 2021. Plant Available Zinc Is Influenced by Landscape Position in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Plants. 10 (2), p. 254. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020254

Relative efficacy and stability of biological and synthetic nitrification inhibitors in a highly nitrifying soil: Evidence of apparent nitrification inhibition by linoleic acid and linolenic acid

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Ma, Y., Jones, D. L., Wang, J., Cardenas, L. M. and Chadwick, D. R. 2021. Relative efficacy and stability of biological and synthetic nitrification inhibitors in a highly nitrifying soil: Evidence of apparent nitrification inhibition by linoleic acid and linolenic acid. European Journal of Soil Science. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.13096

Advances in automatic identifcation of fying insects using optical sensors and machine learning

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Kirkeby, C, Rydhmer, K, Cook, S. M., Strand, A, Torrance, M. T., Swain, J. L., Prangsma, J, Johnen, A, Jensen, M, Brydegaard, M and Graesboll, K 2021. Advances in automatic identifcation of fying insects using optical sensors and machine learning. Scientific Reports. 11 (1), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-81005-0

Site‐specific weed management—constraints and opportunities for the weed research community: Insights from a workshop

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Lati, R. N., Rasmussen, J., Andujar, D., Dorado, J., Berge, T. W., Wellhausen, C., Pflanz, M., Nordmeyer, H., Schirrmann, M., Eizenberg, H., Neve, P., Nyholm, R. and Christensen, J. S. 2021. Site‐specific weed management—constraints and opportunities for the weed research community: Insights from a workshop. Weed Research. pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12469

Data to identify key drivers of animal growth and carcass quality for temperate lowland sheep production systems

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Jones, A. G., Fleming, H., Griffith, B. A., Takahashi, T., Lee, M. R. F. and Harris, P. 2021. Data to identify key drivers of animal growth and carcass quality for temperate lowland sheep production systems. Data in Brief. 35, p. 106977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2021.106977

Determination of wheat spike and spikelet architecture and grain traits using X-ray Computed Tomography imaging

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhou, H., Riche, A. B., Hawkesford, M. J., Whalley, W. R., Atkinson, B. S., Sturrock, C. J. and Mooney, S. J. 2021. Determination of wheat spike and spikelet architecture and grain traits using X-ray Computed Tomography imaging. Plant Methods. 17 (article), p. 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13007-021-00726-5

Inorganic Chemical Fertilizer Application to Wheat Reduces the Abundance of Putative Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Reid, T. E., Kavamura, V. N., Abadie, M., Torres-Ballesteros, A., Pawlett, M., Clark, I. M., Harris, J. and Mauchline, T. H. 2021. Inorganic Chemical Fertilizer Application to Wheat Reduces the Abundance of Putative Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology. 12 (article), p. 642587. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.642587

Effects of Fertilizers and Manures on Temporal Yield Variability of Winter Rye

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Studnicki, M., Macholdt, J., Macdonald, A. J. and Stepien, W. 2021. Effects of Fertilizers and Manures on Temporal Yield Variability of Winter Rye. Agronomy. 11 (3), p. 519. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11030519

Evidence for facultative migratory flight behavior in Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) in India

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Jyothi, P., Aralimarad, P., Wali, V., Dave, S., Bheemanna. M., Ashoka, J., Shivayoglyappa, P., Lim, K. S., Chapman, J. W. and Sane, S. P. 2021. Evidence for facultative migratory flight behavior in Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) in India. PLOS ONE. 16 (1), p. e0245665. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0245665J

Improving nitrogen use efficiency through overexpression of alanine aminotransferase in rice, wheat, and barley

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tiong, J. W., Sharma, N., Sampath, R., MacKenzie, N., Watanabe, S., Metot, C., Lu, Z., Skinner, W., Lu, Y., Kridl, J., Baumann, U., Heuer, S., Kaiser, B. and Okamoto, M. 2021. Improving nitrogen use efficiency through overexpression of alanine aminotransferase in rice, wheat, and barley. Frontiers in Plant Science. 12 (article), p. 628521. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.628521

Effects of grazing management on spatio-temporal heterogeneity of soil carbon and greenhouse gas emissions of grasslands and rangelands: Monitoring, assessment and scaling-up

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Wang, J., Li, Y., Bork, E. W., Richter, G. M., Chen, C., Hamid, S., Shah, H. and Mezbahuddin, S. 2021. Effects of grazing management on spatio-temporal heterogeneity of soil carbon and greenhouse gas emissions of grasslands and rangelands: Monitoring, assessment and scaling-up. Journal of Cleaner Production. 288 (article), p. 125737. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.125737

Novel integrated agricultural land management approach provides sustainable biomass feedstocks for bioplastics and supports the UK’s ‘net-zero’ target.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Ni, Y., Richter, G. M., Mwabonje, O. N., Qi, A., Patel, M. K. and Woods, J. 2021. Novel integrated agricultural land management approach provides sustainable biomass feedstocks for bioplastics and supports the UK’s ‘net-zero’ target. Environmental Research Letters. 16 (article), p. 014023. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abcf79

The interaction between wheat roots and soil pores in structured field soil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhou, H., Whalley, W. R., Hawkesford, M. J., Ashton, R. W., Atkinson, B., Atkinson, J. A., Sturrock, C. J., Bennett, M. J. and Mooney, S. J. 2021. The interaction between wheat roots and soil pores in structured field soil. Journal of Experimental Botany. 72 (2), pp. 747-756. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa475

Characteristics of soil organic matter within an erosional landscape under agriculture in Northeast China: stock, source, and thermal stability

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhang, W., Gregory, A. S., Whalley, W. R., Ren, T. and Gao, W. 2021. Characteristics of soil organic matter within an erosional landscape under agriculture in Northeast China: stock, source, and thermal stability. Soil & Tillage Research. 209, p. 104927. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2020.104927

Plant roots sense soil compaction through restricted ethylene diffusion

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Pandey, B. K., Huang, G., Bhosale, R., Hartman, S., Sturrock, C., Jose, L., Martin, O. C., Karady, M., Voesenek, L. A. C. J., Ljung, K., Lynch, J. P., Brown, K. M, Whalley, W. R., Mooney, S. J., Zhang, D. and Bennett, M. J. 2021. Plant roots sense soil compaction through restricted ethylene diffusion. Science . 371 (6526), p. 276–280. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abf3013

A Neural Network Method for Classification of Sunlit and Shaded Components of Wheat Canopies in the Field Using High-Resolution Hyperspectral Imagery

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Sadeghi-Tehran, P., Virlet, N. and Hawkesford, M. J. 2021. A Neural Network Method for Classification of Sunlit and Shaded Components of Wheat Canopies in the Field Using High-Resolution Hyperspectral Imagery. Remote Sensing. 13 (5), p. 898. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13050898

The State of Britain’s Larger Moths 2021

E - Books edited/written by staff member, alone/with others
Fox, R., Dennis, E. B., Harrower, C. A., Blumgart, D., Bell, J. R., Cook, P., Davis, A. M., Evans-Hill, L. J., Haynes, F., Hill, D., Isaac, N. J. B., Parsons, M. S., Pocock, M. J. O., Prescott, T., Randle, Z., Shortall, C. R., Tordoff. G. M., Tuson, D. and Bourn N. A. D. 2021. The State of Britain’s Larger Moths 2021. Butterfly Conservation.

Novel approaches to investigating spatial variability in channel bank total phosphorus at the catchment scale

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Granger, S. J., Harris, P., Upadhayay, H., Sint, H. M., Pulley, S., Stone, M., Krishnappan, B. G. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Novel approaches to investigating spatial variability in channel bank total phosphorus at the catchment scale. Catena. 202 (article), p. 105223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105223

Elucidating intra-storm variations in suspended sediment sources using a Bayesian fingerprinting approach

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Nosrati, K., Mohammadi-Raigani, Z., Haddadchi, A. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Elucidating intra-storm variations in suspended sediment sources using a Bayesian fingerprinting approach. Journal of Hydrology. 596 (article), p. 126115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2021.126115

Take-all disease: New insights into an important wheat root pathogen

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Palma-Guerrero, J., Chancellor, T., Spong, J., Canning, G., Hammond, J., McMillan, V. E. and Hammond-Kosack, K. E. 2021. Take-all disease: New insights into an important wheat root pathogen. Trends in Plant Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2021.02.009

Iridoid Sex Pheromone Biosynthesis in Aphids Mimics Iridoid-Producing Plants

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Partridge, S., Withall, D., Caulfield, J. C., Pickett, J. A., Stockman, R. A,, Oldham, N. J. and Birkett, M. A. 2021. Iridoid Sex Pheromone Biosynthesis in Aphids Mimics Iridoid-Producing Plants . Chemistry-A European Journal. 27, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202001356

Effects of Nicotine and Tobacco-Related Products on the Feeding Behavior of the German Cockroach (Blattodea: Blattellidae)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Birkett, M. A., Di-Ilio, V. and Pickett, J. A. 2021. Effects of Nicotine and Tobacco-Related Products on the Feeding Behavior of the German Cockroach (Blattodea: Blattellidae). Journal of Insect Science. 21 (11), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieaa147

Sediment source apportionment using optical property composite signatures in a rural catchment, Brazil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Collins, A. L., Zhang, Y., Pulley, S., Upadhayay, H., Amorim, F. F., Da Silva, Y. J. A. B., Nascimento, R. C., Tiecher, T., Do Nascimento, C. W. A. and Minella, J. P. G. 2021. Sediment source apportionment using optical property composite signatures in a rural catchment, Brazil. Catena. 202 (article), p. 105208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2021.105208

The metabolomic analysis of five Mentha species: cytotoxicity, anti-Helicobacter assessment, and the development of polymeric micelles for enhancing the anti-Helicobacter activity

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bakr, R. O., Tawfike, A. F., El-Gizawy, H. A., Tawfik, N., Abdelmohsen, U. R., Abdelwahab, M. F., Alshareef, W. A., Fayez, S. M., El-Mancy, S. M. S., El-Fishawy, A. M., Abdelkawy, M. A. and Fayed, M. A. A. 2021. The metabolomic analysis of five Mentha species: cytotoxicity, anti-Helicobacter assessment, and the development of polymeric micelles for enhancing the anti-Helicobacter activity. RSC Advances. 11 (13), pp. 7318-7330. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0RA09334C

Does cattle and sheep grazing under best management significantly elevate sediment losses? Evidence from the North Wyke Farm Platform, UK

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Pulley, S., Cardenas, L. M., Grau, P., Mullan, S., Rivero, M. J. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Does cattle and sheep grazing under best management significantly elevate sediment losses? Evidence from the North Wyke Farm Platform, UK. Journal of Soils and Sediments. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-021-02909-y

The New Era of Physio-logging and their Grand Challenges

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Fahlman, A., Aoki, K., Bale, G., Brijs, J., Chon, K., Drummond, C. K., Fore, M., Mantec, X., McDonald, B. I., Sakamoto K. Q., Suzuki, I., Rivero, M. J., Ropert-Coudert, Y. and Wisniewska, D. M. 2021. The New Era of Physio-logging and their Grand Challenges. Frontiers in Physiology. 12 (article), p. 669158. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2021.669158

Assessing the contribution of soil NOx emissions to European atmospheric pollution

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Skiba, U., Medinets, S., Cardenas, L. M., Carnell, E. J., Hutching, N. J. and Amon, B. 2021. Assessing the contribution of soil NOx emissions to European atmospheric pollution. Environmental Research Letters. 16 (2), p. 025009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abd2f2

Microbial metabolic response to winter warming stabilizes soil carbon

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tian, J., Zong, N., Harley, I. P., He, N., Zhang, J., Powlson, D. S., Zhou, J., Kuzyakov, Y., Zhang, F., Yu, G. and Dungait, J. A. J. 2021. Microbial metabolic response to winter warming stabilizes soil carbon. Global Change Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15538

Advances in understanding of nitrogen (N) uptake by plant roots

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Hawkesford, M. J. and Whalley, W. R. 2021. Advances in understanding of nitrogen (N) uptake by plant roots. in: Gregory, P. (ed.) Understanding and improving crop root function UK Burleigh Dodds.

The Equipment Used in the SF6 Technique to Estimate Methane Emissions Has No Major Effect on Dairy Cow Behavior

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Pereira, F. C., Teixeira, D. L., Boyle, L. A., Pinheiro Machado Filho, L.C., Williams, S. R. O. W. and Enriquez-Hidalgo, D. 2021. The Equipment Used in the SF6 Technique to Estimate Methane Emissions Has No Major Effect on Dairy Cow Behavior. Frontiers in veterinary science. 7, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.620810

Dynamics of fluvial hydro-sedimentological, nutrient, particulate organic matter and effective particle size responses during the U.K. extreme wet winter of 2019–2020

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Upadhayay, H., Granger, S. J. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Dynamics of fluvial hydro-sedimentological, nutrient, particulate organic matter and effective particle size responses during the U.K. extreme wet winter of 2019–2020. Science of the Total Environment. 774 (article), p. 145722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145722

Estimating maximum fine-fraction organic carbon in UK grasslands

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Paterson, K. C., Cloy, J. M., Rees, R. M., Baggs, E. M., Martinea, H., Fornara, D., Macdonald, A. J. and Buckingham, S. 2021. Estimating maximum fine-fraction organic carbon in UK grasslands. Biogeosciences. 18, pp. 605-620. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-18-605-2021

Stomatal conductance limited the CO2 response of grassland in the last century

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cabrera, J. C. B., Hirl, R. T., Schaufele, R., Macdonald, A. J. and Schnyder, H. 2021. Stomatal conductance limited the CO2 response of grassland in the last century. BMC Biology. 19 (article), p. 50. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12915-021-00988-4

Using the Boruta algorithm and deep learning models for mapping land susceptibility to atmospheric dust emissions in Iran

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gholami, H., Mohammadifar, A., Golzari, S., Kaskaoutis, D.G. and Collins, A. L. 2021. Using the Boruta algorithm and deep learning models for mapping land susceptibility to atmospheric dust emissions in Iran. Aeolian Research. 50 (article), p. 100682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2021.100682

Assessing future drought risks and wheat yield losses in England

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Clarke, D., Hess, T. M., Haro-Monteagudo, D., Semenov, M. A. and Knox, J. W 2021. Assessing future drought risks and wheat yield losses in England. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 297, p. 108248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108248

Nitrogen challenges and opportunities for agricultural and environmental science in India

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Moring, A., Hooda, S., Raghuram, N., Adhya, T. K., Ahmad, A., Bandyopadhyay, S. K., Barsby, T., Beig, G., Bentley, A., Bhatia, A., Dragosits, U., Drewer, J., Foulkes, J., Ghude, S. D., Gupta, R., Jain, N., Kumar, D., Kumar, R. M., Ladha, J. K., Mandal, P. K., Neeraja, C. N., Pandey, R., Pathak, H., Pawar, P., Pellny, T. K., Poole, P., Price, A., Rao D.L.N., Reay, D. S., Singh, N. K., Sinha, S. K., Srivastava, R. K., Shewry, P. R., Smith, J., Steadman, C. E., Subrahmanyam, D., Surekha, K., Venkatesh, K., Varinderpal-Singh., Uwizeye, A., Vieno, M. and Sutton, M. A. 2021. Nitrogen challenges and opportunities for agricultural and environmental science in India. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 5, p. 505347. https://doi.org/110.3389/fsufs.2021.505347

Investigating the effect of inoculation of chickpea with rhizobium and mycorrhizal fungi (Funneliformis mosseae) on soil mechanical and physical behavior

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Heydari, L., Bayat, H. and Gregory, A. S. 2021. Investigating the effect of inoculation of chickpea with rhizobium and mycorrhizal fungi (Funneliformis mosseae) on soil mechanical and physical behavior. Geoderma. 385, p. 114860. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114860

Dynamics of soil phosphorus measured by ammonium lactate extraction as a function of the soil phosphorus balance and soil properties

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Amery, F., Vandecasteele, B., D'Hose, T., Nawara, S., Elsen, A., Odeurs, W., Vandendriessche, H., Arlotti, D., McGrath, S. P., Cougnon, M. and Smolders, E. 2021. Dynamics of soil phosphorus measured by ammonium lactate extraction as a function of the soil phosphorus balance and soil properties. Geoderma. 385, p. 114855. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114855

Rothamsted Research PhD Student Symposium 22-26 February 2021 Handbook , Posters

C1 - Edited contributions to conferences/learned societies
Karp, A. 2021. Rothamsted Research PhD Student Symposium 22-26 February 2021 Handbook , Posters.

The role of gene flow and chromosomal instability in shaping the bread wheat genome

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Przewieslik-Allen, A. M., Wilkinson, P. A., Burridge, A. J., Winfield, M. O., Dai, X., Beaumont, M., King, J., Yang, C-Y., Griffiths, S., Wingen, L. U., Horsnell, R., Bentley, A. R., Shewry, P. R., Barker, G. L. A. and Edwards, K. J. 2021. The role of gene flow and chromosomal instability in shaping the bread wheat genome. Nature Plants. 7, p. 172–183. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00845-2

The effect of organic carbon content on soil compression characteristics

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Suravi, K., Attenborough, K., Taherzadeh, S., Macdonald, A. J., Powlson, D. S., Ashton, R. W., Suravi, K. N. and Whalley, W. R. 2021. The effect of organic carbon content on soil compression characteristics. Soil & Tillage Research. 209 (May), p. 104975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2021.104975

Accumulation of trace metals in freshwater macroinvertebrates across metal contamination gradients

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Arnold, A., Murphy, J .F., Pretty, J. L., Duerdoth, C. P., Smith, B. D., Rainbow, P. S., Spencer, K. L., Collins, A. L. and Iwan Jones, J. 2021. Accumulation of trace metals in freshwater macroinvertebrates across metal contamination gradients. Environmental Pollution. 276 (116721). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116721

A review of phosphate oxygen isotope values in global bedrocks: Characterising a critical endmember to the soil phosphorus system

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Smith, A. C., Pfahler, V., Tamburini, F., Blackwell, M. S. A. and Granger, S. J. 2021. A review of phosphate oxygen isotope values in global bedrocks: Characterising a critical endmember to the soil phosphorus system. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 184, pp. 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.202000513

Changes in soil organic carbon status and microbial community structure following biogas slurry application in a wheat-rice rotation

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tang, Y., Luo, L., Carswell, A. M., Misselbrook, T. H., Shen, J. and Han, J. 2021. Changes in soil organic carbon status and microbial community structure following biogas slurry application in a wheat-rice rotation. Science of the Total Environment. 757 (article), p. 143786. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143786

Vulnerability of European wheat to extreme heat and drought around flowering under future climate

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Senapati, N., Halford, N. G. and Semenov, M. A. 2021. Vulnerability of European wheat to extreme heat and drought around flowering under future climate. Environmental Research Letters. 16 (2), p. 024052. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abdcf3

Recent progress in the synthesis of homotropane alkaloids adaline, euphococcinine and N-methyleuphococcinine

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Lima, D. J. P., Santana, A. E. G., Birkett, M. A. and Porto, R. S. 2021. Recent progress in the synthesis of homotropane alkaloids adaline, euphococcinine and N-methyleuphococcinine. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry. 17, pp. 28-41. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.17.4

Defining the wheat microbiome: towards microbiome-facilitated crop production

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Kavamura, V. N., Mendes, R., Bargaz, A. and Mauchline, T. H. 2021. Defining the wheat microbiome: towards microbiome-facilitated crop production. Computational and structural biotechnology journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2021.01.045

N-terminal truncated RHT-1 proteins generated by translational reinitiation cause semi-dwarfing of wheat Green Revolution alleles

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Thomas, S. G., Van De Velde, K., Heyse, F., Kaspar, R., Van Der Straeten, D. and Rohde, A. 2021. N-terminal truncated RHT-1 proteins generated by translational reinitiation cause semi-dwarfing of wheat Green Revolution alleles. Molecular Plant. 14 (1), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2021.01.002