Effect of previous crops on the incidence of eyespot on winter wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Glynne, M. D. and Moore, F. J. 1949. Effect of previous crops on the incidence of eyespot on winter wheat. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 36 (3), pp. 341-351.

AuthorsGlynne, M. D. and Moore, F. J.
Abstract

Surveys of winter wheat from 1939 to 1946 show that eyespot (Cercosporella herpotrichoides Fron.) occurs throughout Britain and that its incidence depends largely on previous cropping and on weather. Examination of 551 crops on land whose cropping for the previous 4 years was known showed that the incidence rose steadily with increasing numbers of preceding wheat and barley crops: where neither crop had been taken for 4 years the proportion of crops with more than 70% infected straws was 2%, rising to 45% where three or four such crops had been taken and the average straws infected rose from 6 to 55%. The percentage infection to be expected in various groups of crops was calculated from previous cropping; it was compared with the actual infection and so used to assess the importance of other factors in determining the incidence of eyespot. High spring rainfall, early sowing and a dense plant increased incidence and low spring rainfall, late sowing and a thin plant reduced it. Eyespot was not usually severe on newly ploughed grassland until the third or fourth crop of wheat, but under very wet conditions it was sometimes severe in the second crop. Oats is much less susceptible than wheat or barley, but some crops were found with a third of their straws infected. A brief survey of winter wheat in Holland suggested possible causes for the rise and fall of eyespot in recent years and for its present lower incidence there as compared with East Anglia.

Year of Publication1949
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation36 (3), pp. 341-351
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1949.tb06931.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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