Stress-induced changes in the root architecture of white lupin (Lupinus albus) in response to pH, bicarbonate, and calcium in liquid culture

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Kerley, S. J. and Huyghe, C. 2002. Stress-induced changes in the root architecture of white lupin (Lupinus albus) in response to pH, bicarbonate, and calcium in liquid culture. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 141 (2), pp. 171-181.

AuthorsKerley, S. J. and Huyghe, C.
Abstract

Current agronomic cultivars of white lupin (Lupinus albus) are intolerant of calcareous or limed soils. In these soils, high pH, bicarbonate (HCO3-), and calcium (Ca) concentrations are the major chemical stresses to the root system. To determine the responses of the root system to these factors, evaluate root architecture, and compare genotypes for tolerance, a series of liquid culture experiments was completed using root chambers that allowed the study of the root system in two dimensions. Each stress condition caused changes in different parts of the root system and there was no generalised stress response. HCO3- (5 mM) had the greatest effect on cultivars intolerant of calcareous soil; it decreased the dry weight of the shoot and caused the highest percentage of tap root deaths. HCO3- also discriminated between short (determinate) and long (indeterminate) roots, as it decreased the number and density of the determinate roots only. Calcium (3 mm) affected all parts of the root system. The tap root was shortened and showed an increased tortuousness in its path compared with I mm Ca, although no plants suffered tap root death. The numbers and densities of the two lateral root forms were also decreased, as were the lengths of the indeterminate roots. Stress from alkaline pH (7.5) media caused a lower number and density of determinate lateral roots to be produced than at pH 6.5. The experiments demonstrated that each Culture condition elicited a definable stress response. Stress conditions altered the root architecture of genotypes reported to be tolerant of calcareous soil less than in intolerant genotypes. Although soil is more complex than liquid culture, it is possible that in a calcareous or limed soil each stress condition examined may affect the overall stress of the plant, and increased tolerance may result from tolerance to a single stress.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2002
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation141 (2), pp. 171-181
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2002.tb00210.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley
Copyright licensePublisher copyright

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