A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bhatia, R., Dalton, S., Roberts, L. A., Moron-Garcia, O. M., Iancono, R., Kosik, O., Gallagher, J. A. and Bosch, M. 2019. Modified expression of ZmMYB167 in Brachypodium distachyon and Zea mays leads to increased cell wall lignin and phenolic content. Scientific Reports. 9 (8800), p. 12pp.
|Authors||Bhatia, R., Dalton, S., Roberts, L. A., Moron-Garcia, O. M., Iancono, R., Kosik, O., Gallagher, J. A. and Bosch, M.|
One of the challenges to enable targeted modification of lignocellulosic biomass from grasses for improved biofuel and biochemical production lies within our limited understanding of the transcriptional control of secondary cell wall biosynthesis. Here, we investigated the role of the maize MYB transcription factor ZmMYB167 in secondary cell wall biosynthesis and how modified ZmMYB167 expression in two distinct grass model species affects plant biomass and growth phenotypes. Heterologous expression of ZmMYB167 in the C3 model system Brachypodium led to mild dwarf phenotypes, increased lignin (~7% to 13%) and S-lignin monomer (~11% to 16%) content, elevated concentrations of cell wall-bound p-coumaric acid (~15% to 24%) and reduced biomass sugar release (~20%) compared to controls. Overexpression of ZmMYB167 in the C4 model system Zea mays increased lignin (~4% to 13%), p-coumaric acid (~8% to 52%) and ferulic acid (~13% to 38%) content but did not affect plant growth and development nor biomass recalcitrance. Taken together, modifying ZmMYB167 expression represents a target to alter lignin and phenolic content in grasses. The ZmMYB167 expression-induced discrepancies in plant phenotypic and biomass properties between the two grass model systems highlight the challenges and opportunities for MYB transcription factor-based genetic engineering approaches of grass biomass.
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Journal citation||9 (8800), p. 12pp|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45225-9|
|Open access||Published as green open access|
|Funder project or code||Development of a process scheme for the production of high value functional products from DDGS|
|Funder||Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council|
|Publisher's version||Bhatia et al 2019 Sci Rep.pdf|
|Online||19 Jun 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||31 May 2019|
|Publisher||Nature Publishing Group|
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