Outdoor airborne allergens: Characterization, behavior and monitoring in Europe

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Grewling, L., Ribeiro, H., Antunes, C., Apangu, G., Celenk, S., Costa, A., Eguiluz-Gracia, I., Galveias, A., Roldan, N. G., Lika, M., Magyar, D., Martinez-Bracero, M., Orby, P., O'Connor, D., Penha, A. M., Pereira, S., Perez-Badia, R., Rodinkova, V., Xhetani, M., Sauliene, I. and Skjoth, C. A. 2023. Outdoor airborne allergens: Characterization, behavior and monitoring in Europe. Science of the Total Environment. 905 (20 Dec), pp. 167-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.167042

AuthorsGrewling, L., Ribeiro, H., Antunes, C., Apangu, G., Celenk, S., Costa, A., Eguiluz-Gracia, I., Galveias, A., Roldan, N. G., Lika, M., Magyar, D., Martinez-Bracero, M., Orby, P., O'Connor, D., Penha, A. M., Pereira, S., Perez-Badia, R., Rodinkova, V., Xhetani, M., Sauliene, I. and Skjoth, C. A.
Abstract

Aeroallergens or inhalant allergens, are proteins dispersed through the air and have the potential to induce allergic conditions such as rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and asthma. Outdoor aeroallergens are found predominantly in pollen grains and fungal spores, which are allergen carriers. Aeroallergens from pollen and fungi have seasonal emission patterns that correlate with plant pollination and fungal sporulation and are strongly associated with atmospheric weather conditions. They are released when allergen carriers come in contact with the respiratory system, e.g. the nasal mucosa. In addition, due to the rupture of allergen carriers, airborne allergen molecules may be released directly into the air in the form of micronic and submicronic particles (cytoplasmic debris, cell wall fragments, droplets etc.) or adhered onto other airborne particulate matter. Therefore, aeroallergen detection strategies must consider, in addition to the allergen carriers, the allergen molecules themselves. This review article aims to present the current knowledge on inhalant allergens in the outdoor environment, their structure, localization, and factors affecting their production, transformation, release or degradation. In addition, methods for collecting and quantifying aeroallergens are listed and thoroughly discussed. Finally, the knowledge gaps, challenges and implications associated with aeroallergen analysis are described

KeywordsPollen grains ; Fungal spores; Aeroallergens; Allergenic proteins; Monitoring; Immunodetection; Air pollution
Year of Publication2023
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Journal citation905 (20 Dec), pp. 167-42
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.167042
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderCOST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology through Action
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online12 Sep 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Sep 2023
ISSN0048-9697
PublisherElsevier

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/98y75/outdoor-airborne-allergens-characterization-behavior-and-monitoring-in-europe

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