The three-peat challenge: business as usual, responsible agriculture, and conservation and restoration as management trajectories in global peatlands

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Girkin, N. T., Burgess, P. J., Cole, L., Cooper, H., Coronadc, E. H., Davidson, S. J., Hannam, J., Harris, J., Holman, I., McCloskey, C. S., McKeown, M. M., Milner, A. M., Page, S., Smith, J. and Young, D. 2023. The three-peat challenge: business as usual, responsible agriculture, and conservation and restoration as management trajectories in global peatlands. Carbon Management. 14 (1), p. 2275578. https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2023.2275578

AuthorsGirkin, N. T., Burgess, P. J., Cole, L., Cooper, H., Coronadc, E. H., Davidson, S. J., Hannam, J., Harris, J., Holman, I., McCloskey, C. S., McKeown, M. M., Milner, A. M., Page, S., Smith, J. and Young, D.
Abstract

Peatlands are a globally important carbon store, but peatland ecosystems from high latitudes to the tropics are highly degraded due to increasingly intensive anthropogenic activity, making them significant greenhouse gas (GHG) sources. Peatland restoration and conservation have been proposed as a nature-based solution to climate change, by restoring the function of peatlands as a net carbon sink, but this may have implications for many local communities who rely on income from activities associated with transformed peatlands, particularly those drained for agriculture. However, without changing the way that humans interact with and exploit peatlands in most regions, peatlands will continue to degrade and be lost. We propose that there are ultimately three potential trajectories for peatland management: business as usual, whereby peatland carbon sink capacity continues to be eroded, responsible agricultural management (with the potential to mitigate emissions, but unlikely to restore peatlands as a net carbon sink), and restoration and conservation. We term this the three-peat challenge, and propose it as a means to view the benefits of restoring peatlands for the environment, as well as the implications of such transitions for communities who rely on ecosystem services (particularly provisioning) from degraded peatlands, and the consequences arising from a lack of action. Ultimately, decisions regarding which trajectories peatlands in given localities will follow torequire principles of equitable decision-making, and support to ensure just transitions, particularly for communities who rely on peatland ecosystems to support their livelihoods.

KeywordsNature-based solutions; Peatland; Land sharing; Land sparing; Greenhous gas emissions; Net zero
Year of Publication2023
JournalCarbon Management
Journal citation14 (1), p. 2275578
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2023.2275578
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderNatural Environment Research Council
Royal Society
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeGrowing Health [ISP]
Growing Health (WP3) - bio-inspired solutions for healthier agroecosystems: Discovery landscapes
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Nov 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Oct 2023
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN1758-3004

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/98y9y/the-three-peat-challenge-business-as-usual-responsible-agriculture-and-conservation-and-restoration-as-management-trajectories-in-global-peatlands

35 total views
11 total downloads
6 views this month
3 downloads this month
Download files as zip