Modelling soil physical and biogeochemical processes

Project (past)

Project dates01 Apr 2008 to end of 31 Mar 2012
Project numberS4982
4982
DepartmentSustainable Soils and Grassland Systems (SSGS)
Research fish codeBBS/E/C/00004982
Grant IDBBS/E/C/00004982

Outputs

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Probing the basis of soil resilience

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Corstanje, R., Deeks, L. R., Whitmore, A. P., Gregory, A. S. and Ritz, K. 2015. Probing the basis of soil resilience. Soil Use and Management. 31 (Suppl. 1), pp. 72-81.

Does organic management lead to enhanced soil physical quality?

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Papadopoulos, A., Bird, N. R. A., Whitmore, A. P. and Mooney, S. J. 2014. Does organic management lead to enhanced soil physical quality? Geoderma. 213, pp. 435-443.

Wavelet analysis of the variability of nitrous oxide emissions from soil at decameter to kilometer scales

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Milne, A. E., Haskard, K. A., Webster, C. P., Truan, I. A., Goulding, K. W. T. and Lark, R. M. 2013. Wavelet analysis of the variability of nitrous oxide emissions from soil at decameter to kilometer scales. Journal of Environmental Quality. 42, pp. 1070-1079.

Nutrient management in support of environmental and agricultural sustainability

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Whitmore, A. P., Goulding, K. W. T., Glendining, M. J., Dailey, A. G., Coleman, K. and Powlson, D. S. 2012. Nutrient management in support of environmental and agricultural sustainability. Sustainability. 4 (10), pp. 2513-2524.

Root respiration of barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem: field and modelling approaches

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Morell, F. J., Whitmore, A. P., Alvaro-Fuentes, J., Lampurlanes, J. and Cantero-Martinez, C. 2012. Root respiration of barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem: field and modelling approaches. Plant and Soil. 351, pp. 135-147.

Spatially explicit modelling of changes in soil organic C in agricultural soils in Italy, 2001-2010: potential for compost amendment

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Mondini, C., Coleman, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. Spatially explicit modelling of changes in soil organic C in agricultural soils in Italy, 2001-2010: potential for compost amendment. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 153, pp. 24-32.

Soil organic carbon dynamics in a dryland cereal cropping system of the Loess Plateau under long-term nitrogen fertilizer applications

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Guo, S., Wu, J., Coleman, K., Zhu, H., Li, Y. and Liu, W. 2012. Soil organic carbon dynamics in a dryland cereal cropping system of the Loess Plateau under long-term nitrogen fertilizer applications. Plant and Soil. 353, pp. 321-332.

The effects of compaction and soil drying on penetrometer resistance

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gao, W., Watts, C. W., Ren, T. and Whalley, W. R. 2012. The effects of compaction and soil drying on penetrometer resistance. Soil & Tillage Research. 125, pp. 14-22.

Changes in soil organic carbon and climate change - Application of the RothC model in agro-silvo-pastoral Mediterranean systems

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Francaviglia, R., Coleman, K., Whitmore, A. P., Doro, L., Urracci, G., Rubino, M. and Ledda, L. 2012. Changes in soil organic carbon and climate change - Application of the RothC model in agro-silvo-pastoral Mediterranean systems. Agricultural Systems. 112, pp. 48-54.

Soil organic matter turnover is governed by accessibility not recalcitrance

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Dungait, J. A. J., Hopkins, D. W., Gregory, A. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. Soil organic matter turnover is governed by accessibility not recalcitrance. Global Change Biology. 18 (6), pp. 1781-1796.

An assessment of a new model of dynamic fragmentation of soil with test data

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gregory, A. S., Bird, N. R. A., Watts, C. W. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. An assessment of a new model of dynamic fragmentation of soil with test data. Soil & Tillage Research. 120, pp. 61-68.

The potential to increase soil carbon stocks through reduced tillage or organic material additions in England and Wales: a case study

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Powlson, D. S., Bhogal, A., Chambers, B. J., Coleman, K., Macdonald, A. J., Goulding, K. W. T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. The potential to increase soil carbon stocks through reduced tillage or organic material additions in England and Wales: a case study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 146, pp. 23-33.

Greenhouse gas emissions associated with nitrogen fertiliser - lessons from a situation of nitrogen excess in China

C2 - Non-edited contributions to conferences
Powlson, D. S., Zhang, F., Zhang, W., Huang, J., Chadwick, D. R., Lu, Y. and Norse, D. 2011. Greenhouse gas emissions associated with nitrogen fertiliser - lessons from a situation of nitrogen excess in China. Abstracts Royal Society Meeting on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agriculture, London, 28 February-1 March 2011 .

A model to predict the effects of soil structure on denitrification and N2O emission

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Laudone, G. M., Matthews, G. P., Bird, N. R. A., Whalley, W. R., Cardenas, L. M. and Gregory, A. S. 2011. A model to predict the effects of soil structure on denitrification and N2O emission. Journal of Hydrology. 409, pp. 283-290.

A comparison of soil and water properties in organic and conventional farming systems in England

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hathaway-Jenkins, L. J., Sakrabani, R., Pearce, B., Whitmore, A. P. and Godwin, R. J. 2011. A comparison of soil and water properties in organic and conventional farming systems in England. Soil Use and Management. 27 (2), pp. 133-142.

Review of the evidence base for the status and change of soil carbon below 15cm from the soil surface in England and Wales (Report on Sub-project 3 of DEFRA Project SP1106)

D1 - Technical reports: non-confidential
Gregory, A. S., Whitmore, A. P., Kirk, G. J. D., Rawlins, B. G., Ritz, K. and Wallace, P. 2011. Review of the evidence base for the status and change of soil carbon below 15cm from the soil surface in England and Wales (Report on Sub-project 3 of DEFRA Project SP1106). Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).

Leaching of chemcials in relation to soil structure

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Addiscott, T. M. 2011. Leaching of chemcials in relation to soil structure. in: Glinski, J., Lipiec, J. and Horabik, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of agrophysics Dordrecht Springer. pp. 421-423

Geostatistical prediction of nitrous oxide emissions from soil using data, process models and expert opinion

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Orton, T. G., Goulding, K. W. T. and Lark, R. M. 2011. Geostatistical prediction of nitrous oxide emissions from soil using data, process models and expert opinion. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (3), pp. 359-370.

Estimating soil strength in the rooting zone of wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Whitmore, A. P., Whalley, W. R., Bird, N. R. A., Watts, C. W. and Gregory, A. S. 2011. Estimating soil strength in the rooting zone of wheat. Plant and Soil. 339, pp. 363-375.

Implications for soil properties of removing cereal straw: results from long-term studies

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Powlson, D. S., Glendining, M. J., Coleman, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2011. Implications for soil properties of removing cereal straw: results from long-term studies. Agronomy Journal. 103, pp. 279-287.

Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change: a critical re-examination to identify the true and the false

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Powlson, D. S., Whitmore, A. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2011. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change: a critical re-examination to identify the true and the false. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 42-55.

Pedotransfer functions for estimating total soil nitrogen up to the global scale

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Glendining, M. J., Dailey, A. G., Powlson, D. S., Richter, G. M., Catt, J. A. and Whitmore, A. P. 2011. Pedotransfer functions for estimating total soil nitrogen up to the global scale. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 13-22.

Effects of recent and accumulated livestock manure carbon additions on soil fertility and quality

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bhogal, A., Nicholson, F. A., Young, I., Sturrock, C., Whitmore, A. P. and Chambers, B. J. 2011. Effects of recent and accumulated livestock manure carbon additions on soil fertility and quality. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 174-181.

On the influence of diffusion on the competition between bacteria and innate immune system of invertebrates

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cerasuolo, M. 2010. On the influence of diffusion on the competition between bacteria and innate immune system of invertebrates. Ricerche di Matematica. 59, pp. 165-185.

Effect of soil pH on the chemical composition of organic matter in physically separated soil fractions in two broadleaf woodland sites at Rothamsted, UK

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Tonon, G., Sohi, S., Francioso, O., Ferrari, E., Montecchio, D., Gioacchini, P., Ciavatta, C., Panzacchi, P. and Powlson, D. S. 2010. Effect of soil pH on the chemical composition of organic matter in physically separated soil fractions in two broadleaf woodland sites at Rothamsted, UK. European Journal of Soil Science. 61 (6), pp. 970-979.

Multiscale percolation properties of a fractal pore network

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bird, N. R. A. and Perrier, E. 2010. Multiscale percolation properties of a fractal pore network. Geoderma. 160, pp. 105-110.

Entropy, non-linearity and hierarchy in ecosystems

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Addiscott, T. M. 2010. Entropy, non-linearity and hierarchy in ecosystems. Geoderma. 160, pp. 57-63.

Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. II. Application

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Smith, J., Gottschalk, P., Bellarby, J., Chapman, S., Lilly, A., Towers, W., Bell, J., Coleman, K., Nayak, D., Richards, M., Hillier, J., Flynn, H., Wattenbach, M., Aitkenhead, M., Yeluripati, J., Farmer, J., Milne, R., Thomson, A., Evans, C., Whitmore, A. P., Falloon, P. and Smith, P. 2010. Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. II. Application. Climate Research. 45, pp. 193-205.

Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. I. Model description and uncertainties

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Smith, J., Gottschalk, P., Bellarby, J., Chapman, S., Lilly, A., Towers, W., Bell, J., Coleman, K., Nayak, D., Richards, M., Hillier, J., Flynn, H., Wattenbach, M., Aitkenhead, M., Yeluripati, J., Farmer, J., Milne, R., Thomson, A., Evans, C., Whitmore, A. P., Falloon, P. and Smith, P. 2010. Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. I. Model description and uncertainties. Climate Research. 45, pp. 179-192.

Soil carbon sequestration for mitigating climate change: distinguishing the genuine from the imaginary

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Powlson, D. S., Whitmore, A. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2010. Soil carbon sequestration for mitigating climate change: distinguishing the genuine from the imaginary. in: Hillel, D. and Rosenzweig, C. (ed.) Handbook of climate change and agroecosystems Imperial College Press, London. pp. 393-402

Percolation properties of 3-D multiscale pore networks: how connectivity controls soil filtration processes

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Perrier, E. M. A., Bird, N. R. A. and Rieutord, T. B. 2010. Percolation properties of 3-D multiscale pore networks: how connectivity controls soil filtration processes. Biogeosciences. 7, pp. 3177-3186.

Measurement and simulation of the effect of compaction on the pore structure and saturated hydraulic conductivity of grassland and arable soil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Matthews, G. P., Laudone, G. M., Gregory, A. S., Bird, N. R. A., Matthews, A. G. De G. and Whalley, W. R. 2010. Measurement and simulation of the effect of compaction on the pore structure and saturated hydraulic conductivity of grassland and arable soil. Water Resources Research. 46, p. W05501 (13pp).

Measurement and pore-level modelling of the production of nitrous oxide from soil

C2 - Non-edited contributions to conferences
Matthews, G. P., Laudone, G. M., Whalley, W. R., Bird, N. R. A., Gregory, A. S., Cardenas, L. M. and Misselbrook, T. H. 2009. Measurement and pore-level modelling of the production of nitrous oxide from soil. Abstracts 2nd International Conference on Biohydrology 2009: a Changing Climate for Biology and Soil Hydrology Interactions, Bratislava, 21-24 September 2009 .

Accuracy of generalized dimensions estimated from grayscale images using the method of moments

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Perfect, E., Tarquis, A. M. and Bird, N. R. A. 2009. Accuracy of generalized dimensions estimated from grayscale images using the method of moments. Fractals. 17, pp. 351-363.

Physical effects of soil drying on roots and crop growth

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Whitmore, A. P. and Whalley, W. R. 2009. Physical effects of soil drying on roots and crop growth. Journal of Experimental Botany. 60, pp. 2845-2857.

The effect of long-term soil management on the physical and biological resilience of a range of arable and grassland soils in England

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gregory, A. S., Watts, C. W., Griffiths, B. S., Hallett, P. D., Kuan, H. L. and Whitmore, A. P. 2009. The effect of long-term soil management on the physical and biological resilience of a range of arable and grassland soils in England. Geoderma. 153, pp. 172-185.

Investigating the effects of organic and conventional management on soil aggregate stability using X-ray computed tomography

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Papadopoulos, A., Bird, N. R. A., Whitmore, A. P. and Mooney, S. J. 2009. Investigating the effects of organic and conventional management on soil aggregate stability using X-ray computed tomography. European Journal of Soil Science. 60 (3), pp. 360-368.

Musings about the effects of environment on photosynthesis

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Lawlor, D. W. 2009. Musings about the effects of environment on photosynthesis. Annals of Botany. 103, pp. 543-549.

Modelling soil organic carbon turnover in improved fallows in eastern Zambia using the RothC-26.3 model

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Kaonga, M. L. and Coleman, K. 2008. Modelling soil organic carbon turnover in improved fallows in eastern Zambia using the RothC-26.3 model. Forest Ecology and Management. 256, pp. 1160-1166.

Prospects for increasing photosynthesis by overcoming the limitations of Rubisco

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Parry, M. A. J., Madgwick, P. J., Carvalho, J. F. C. and Andalojc, P. J. 2007. Prospects for increasing photosynthesis by overcoming the limitations of Rubisco. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 145, pp. 31-43.