Winifred Elsie Brenchley

NameWinifred Elsie Brenchley
Job titleBotanist. Former Head of Botany Department (1883–1953), an agricultural botanist who worked at the Rothamsted Research Station. Along with Katherine Warington, she demonstrated the role of boron as an essential micronutrient for plants. She was the first woman in the UK to break into the male-dominated sphere of agricultural science. She has been described as "perhaps Britain's leading authority on weeds in the early twentieth century".
Web address (URL)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winifred_Brenchley
Preferred citationBrenchley, W. E.
OfficeHarpenden

Research outputs

The Park Grass plots at Rothamsted (1856-1949)

Brenchley, W. E. Warington, K. (ed.) 1969. The Park Grass plots at Rothamsted (1856-1949). Harpenden Rothamsted Research.

The Park Grass plots at Rothamsted (1856-1949)

Brenchley, W. E. Warington, K. (ed.) 1958. The Park Grass plots at Rothamsted (1856-1949). Harpenden Rothamsted Research.

The toxic action of molybdenum in relation to soils and crops

Brenchley, W. E. 1948. The toxic action of molybdenum in relation to soils and crops. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 35 (2), pp. 139-160. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1948.tb07358.x

Suggestions for the control of wild oats

Brenchley, W. E. and Thurston, J. M. 1948. Suggestions for the control of wild oats. Agriculture: the journal of the Ministry of Agriculture. 55, pp. 12-16.

The essential nature of certain minor elements for plant nutrition. II

Brenchley, W. E. 1947. The essential nature of certain minor elements for plant nutrition. II. The Botanical Review. 13 (4), pp. 169-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02861273

The role of minor elements in the growth of plants

Brenchley, W. E. 1946. The role of minor elements in the growth of plants.

The influence of periodic fallowing on the prevalence of viable weed seeds in arable soil

Brenchley, W. E. and Warington, K. 1945. The influence of periodic fallowing on the prevalence of viable weed seeds in arable soil. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 32 (4), pp. 285-296. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1945.tb06259.x

Trace elements in relation to plant growth

Brenchley, W. E. 1945. Trace elements in relation to plant growth. Presidential address to the Botanical Section South East United Science Society.

Weed control by chemical methods

Brenchley, W. E. 1944. Weed control by chemical methods. Manufacturing Chemist.

Minor elements and plant growth

Brenchley, W. E. 1943. Minor elements and plant growth. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 18 (4), pp. 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.1943.tb00296.x

Comparative effects of cobalt, nickel and copper on plant growth

Brenchley, W. E. 1938. Comparative effects of cobalt, nickel and copper on plant growth. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 25 (4), pp. 671-694. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1938.tb02347.x

The influence of boron on the second year's growth of sugar beet affected with heart-rot

Brenchley, W. E. and Watson, D. J. 1937. The influence of boron on the second year's growth of sugar beet affected with heart-rot. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 24 (3), pp. 494-503. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1937.tb05849.x

Correlation of manuring and botanical composition of continuous hay crops

Brenchley, W. E. 1937. Correlation of manuring and botanical composition of continuous hay crops. Report of the 4th International Congress Grassland Congress 1937.

The weed seed population of arable soil: III. The re-establishment of weed species after reduction by fallowing

Brenchley, W. and Warington, K. 1936. The weed seed population of arable soil: III. The re-establishment of weed species after reduction by fallowing. Journal of Ecology. 24 (2), pp. 479-501. https://doi.org/10.2307/2256436

The essential nature of certain minor elements for plant nutrition

Brenchley, W. E. 1936. The essential nature of certain minor elements for plant nutrition. The Botanical Review. 2 (4), pp. 173-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02872443

The influence of season and of the application of lime on the botanical composition of grassland herbage

Brenchley, W. E. 1935. The influence of season and of the application of lime on the botanical composition of grassland herbage. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 22 (2), pp. 183-207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1935.tb07155.x

The fertilising value and nitrifiability of humic materials prepared from coal (with three text-figures)

Crowther, E. M. and Brenchley, W. E. 1934. The fertilising value and nitrifiability of humic materials prepared from coal (with three text-figures). The Journal of Agricultural Science. 24 (1), pp. 156-176. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600012508

The effect of rubidium sulphate and palladium chloride on the growth of plants

Brenchley, W. E. 1934. The effect of rubidium sulphate and palladium chloride on the growth of plants. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 21 (3), pp. 398-417. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1934.tb06686.x

The weed seed population of arable soil: II. Influence of crop, soil and methods of cultivation upon the relative abundance of viable seeds

Brenchley, W. and Warington, K. 1933. The weed seed population of arable soil: II. Influence of crop, soil and methods of cultivation upon the relative abundance of viable seeds. Journal of Ecology. 21 (1), pp. 103-127. https://doi.org/10.2307/2255877

Colonisation by Epilobium angustifolium

Brenchley, W. E. and Heintze, S. G. 1933. Colonisation by Epilobium angustifolium. Journal of Ecology. 21 (1), pp. 101-102.

The action on the growth of crops of small percentages of certain metallic compounds when applied with ordinary artificial fertilisers

Brenchley, W. E. 1932. The action on the growth of crops of small percentages of certain metallic compounds when applied with ordinary artificial fertilisers. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 22 (4), pp. 704-735. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600054551

The weed seed population of arable soil: I. Numerical estimation of viable seeds and observations on their natural dormancy

Brenchley, W. and Warington, K. 1930. The weed seed population of arable soil: I. Numerical estimation of viable seeds and observations on their natural dormancy. Journal of Ecology. 18 (2), pp. 235-272. https://doi.org/10.2307/2256005

The varying effect of lime on grassland with different schemes of manuring

Brenchley, W. E. 1930. The varying effect of lime on grassland with different schemes of manuring. Journal of the Ministry of Agriculture. 37, pp. 663-673.

The phosphate requirement of barley at different periods of growth

Brenchley, W. E. 1929. The phosphate requirement of barley at different periods of growth. Annals of Botany. 43 (169), pp. 89-110.

The inter-relation between silicon and other elements in plant nutrition

Brenchley, W. E., Maskell, E. J. and Warington, K. 1927. The inter-relation between silicon and other elements in plant nutrition. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 14 (1), pp. 45-82. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1927.tb07005.x

The role of boron in the growth of plants

Brenchley, W. and Warington, K. 1927. The role of boron in the growth of plants. Annals of Botany. 41 (161), pp. 167-187.

The relation between the development, structure and functioning of the nodules on Vicia faba as influenced by the presence or absence of boron in the nutrient medium

Brenchley, W. E. and Thornton, H. G. 1925. The relation between the development, structure and functioning of the nodules on Vicia faba as influenced by the presence or absence of boron in the nutrient medium. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 98 (691), p. 373. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1925.0043

Spraying for weed eradication

Brenchley, W. E. 1925. Spraying for weed eradication. Journal of the Bath and West and Southern Counties Society. 19, pp. 1-20.

The effect of iodine on soils and plants

Brenchley, W. E. 1924. The effect of iodine on soils and plants. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 11 (1), pp. 86-111. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1924.tb05695.x

Effect of weight of seed upon the resulting crop

Brenchley, W. E. 1923. Effect of weight of seed upon the resulting crop. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 10 (2), pp. 223-240. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1923.tb05671.x

Effect of high root temperature and excessive insolation upon growth

Brenchley, W. and Singh, K. 1922. Effect of high root temperature and excessive insolation upon growth. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 9 (3‐4), pp. 197-209. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1922.tb05955.x

Root development in barley and wheat under different conditions of growth

Brenchley, W. E. and Jackson, V. G. 1921. Root development in barley and wheat under different conditions of growth. Annals of Botany. 35 (140), pp. 533-556.

The development of the flower and grain of barley

Brenchley, W. E. 1921. The development of the flower and grain of barley. Journal Of The Institute Of Brewing. 26 (12), pp. 615-631.

Weeds of farm land

Brenchley, W. E. 1920. Weeds of farm land. London Longman, Green and Co..

The fertilizing value of sewage sludges

Brenchley, W. E. and Richards, E. H. 1920. The fertilizing value of sewage sludges. Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry. 39 (13), pp. 177-182.

On the relations between growth and the environmental conditions of temperature and bright sunshine

Brenchley, W. 1920. On the relations between growth and the environmental conditions of temperature and bright sunshine. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 6 (4), pp. 211-244. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1920.tb06470.x

The uses of weed and wild plants

Brenchley, W. E. 1919. The uses of weed and wild plants. Science Progress. XIV (53), pp. 128-129.

Some factors in plant competition

Brenchley, W. 1919. Some factors in plant competition. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 6 (2), pp. 142-170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1919.tb06464.x

Organic plant poisons. II. Phenols

Brenchley, W. E. 1918. Organic plant poisons. II. Phenols. Annals of Botany. 32 (126), pp. 259-278.

Buried weed seeds

Brenchley, W. E. 1918. Buried weed seeds. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 9 (1), pp. 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600004676

The effect of weeds upon cereal crops

Brenchley, W. 1917. The effect of weeds upon cereal crops. New Phytologist. 16 (3‐4), pp. 53-76. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1917.tb07228.x

Organic plant poisons: I. Hydrocyanic acid

Brenchley, W. E. 1917. Organic plant poisons: I. Hydrocyanic acid. Annals of Botany. 31 (123/124), pp. 447-456.

West country grasslands

Brenchley, W. E. 1917. West country grasslands. Journal of the Bath and West and Southern Counties Society. 11, pp. 85-112.

The effect of the concentration of the nutrient solution on the growth of barley and wheat in water cultures

Brenchley, W. E. 1916. The effect of the concentration of the nutrient solution on the growth of barley and wheat in water cultures. Annals of Botany. 30 (117), pp. 77-90.

Recolonisation of cultivated land allowed to revert to natural conditions

Brenchley, W. E. and Adam, H. 1915. Recolonisation of cultivated land allowed to revert to natural conditions. Journal of Ecology. 3 (4), pp. 193-210. https://doi.org/10.2307/2255489

Weeds on arable land and their suppression

Brenchley, W. E. 1915. Weeds on arable land and their suppression. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. 76, pp. 14-37.

On the action of certain compounds of zinc, arsenic, and boron on the growth of plants

Brenchley, W. E. 1914. On the action of certain compounds of zinc, arsenic, and boron on the growth of plants. Annals of Botany. 28 (110), pp. 283-301.

Mapping as an ecological instrument

Brenchley, W. E. 1914. Mapping as an ecological instrument. Transactions of the Norfolk and Northwich Naturalists' Society.

[V.] The soil solution and the mineral constituents of the soil

Hall, A. D., Brenchley, W. E. and Underwood, L. M. 1914. [V.] The soil solution and the mineral constituents of the soil. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 204 (303-312), pp. 179-200. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1914.0005

The soil solution and the mineral constituents of the soil

Hall, A. D., Brenchley, W. E. and Underwood, L. M. 1914. The soil solution and the mineral constituents of the soil. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 6 (3), pp. 278-301. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600001842

Yellow Rattle as a Weed on Arable Land

Brenchley, W. E. 1913. Yellow Rattle as a Weed on Arable Land . Journal Of The Board Of Agriculture. XIX, pp. 1005-1009.

The weeds of arable land. III

Brenchley, W. E. 1913. The weeds of arable land. III. Annals of Botany. os-27 (1), pp. 141-166. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a089447

The weeds of arable land in relation to the soils on which they grow. II

Brenchley, W. E. 1912. The weeds of arable land in relation to the soils on which they grow. II. Annals of Botany. os-26 (1), pp. 95-109. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a089391

The development of the grain of barley

Brenchley, W. E. 1912. The development of the grain of barley. Annals of Botany. 26 (103), pp. 903-928.

The weeds of arable land in relation to the soils on which they grow. I.

Brenchley, W. E. 1911. The weeds of arable land in relation to the soils on which they grow. I. Annals of Botany. os-25 (1), pp. 155-165. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a089311

The influence of copper sulphate and manganese sulphate upon the growth of barley

Brenchley, W. E. 1910. The influence of copper sulphate and manganese sulphate upon the growth of barley. Annals of Botany. 24 (95), pp. 571-583.

On the strength and development of the grain of wheat (Triticum vulgare)

Brenchley, W. E. 1909. On the strength and development of the grain of wheat (Triticum vulgare). Annals of Botany. 23 (89), pp. 117-139.

The development of the grain of wheat

Brenchley, W. E. and Hall, A. D. 1909. The development of the grain of wheat. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 3 (2), pp. 195-217. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002185960000112X

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