Embryonic development and esterase activity of eggs of pieris brassicae in relation to tepp poisoning

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Potter, C., Lord, K. A., Kenten, J., Salkeld, E. H. and Holbrook, D. V. 1957. Embryonic development and esterase activity of eggs of pieris brassicae in relation to tepp poisoning. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 45 (2), pp. 361-375.

AuthorsPotter, C., Lord, K. A., Kenten, J., Salkeld, E. H. and Holbrook, D. V.
Abstract

The embryological development of eggs of Pieris brussicae was studied in relation to the occurrence of enzymes hydrolysing phenyl acetate and acetylcholine. Phenyl acetate is hydrolysed at a high rate at all stages of development of the embryo. Hydrolysis of acetylcholine only becomes appreciable in the later stages of development. The first significant level of hydrolysis of acetylcholine can be correlated with the development of a nervous system in the embryo to a stage where it may be functional. Aqueous solutions of TEPP were applied to eggs soon after they were laid. Low doses of TEPP allowed a high percentage of eggs to develop to the point of hatching before death occurred. Most fully developed embryos became active before they died. As the dose was increased less development took place and with very high doses little development occurred. The significance of these results is discussed. The available evidence does not indicate that the poison penetrates slowly nor that it is 'locked up' and later released. The explanation that seems to fit the evidence best is that the poison penetrates rapidly and reacts irreversibly with, probably phosphorylates, one or more components of the egg, the extent of subsequent development depending upon the proportion of a biochemical system or the number of systems inactivated. Whilst inhibition of cholinesterase may play a part in the poisoning process, at least under some conditions, the evidence indicates that the death of the embryo may result from some other cause.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1957
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation45 (2), pp. 361-375
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1957.tb00477.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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