A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Piepho, H.-P., Madden, L. V., Roger, J., Payne, R. W. and Williams, E. R. 2018. Estimating the variance for heterogeneity in arm-based network meta-analysis.

Pharmaceutical Statistics.17 (3), pp. 264-277.

Authors | Piepho, H.-P., Madden, L. V., Roger, J., Payne, R. W. and Williams, E. R. |
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Abstract | Network meta-analysis can be implemented by using arm-based or contrast-based models. Here we focus on arm-based models and fit them using generalized linear mixed model procedures. Full maximum likelihood (ML) estimation leads to biased trial-by-treatment interaction variance estimates for heterogeneity. Thus, our objective is to investigate alternative approaches to variance estimation that reduce bias compared with full ML. Specifically, we use penalized quasi-likelihood/pseudo-likelihood and hierarchical (h) likelihood approaches. In addition, we consider a novel model modification that yields estimators akin to the residual maximum likelihood estimator for linear mixed models. The proposed methods are compared by simulation, and 2 real datasets are used for illustration. Simulations show that penalized quasi-likelihood/pseudo-likelihood and h-likelihood reduce bias and yield satisfactory coverage rates. Sum-to-zero restriction and baseline contrasts for random trial-by-treatment interaction effects, as well as a residual ML-like adjustment, also reduce bias compared with an unconstrained model when ML is used, but coverage rates are not quite as good. Penalized quasi-likelihood/pseudo-likelihood and h-likelihood are therefore recommended. |

Year of Publication | 2018 |

Journal | Pharmaceutical Statistics |

Journal citation | 17 (3), pp. 264-277 |

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) | doi:10.1002/pst.1857 |

Publication dates | |

Online | 19 Apr 2018 |

Copyright license | Publisher copyright |

Publisher | Wiley |

Page range | 264-277 |

Payne, R. W. 2013. The design and analysis of long-term rotation experiments. *Agronomy Journal.* 105 (2), pp. 772-785.

Badshah, S., Mason, L., Mckelvie, K., Payne, R. W. and Lisboa, P. J. G. 2011. Maternal risk factors in Afghan-refugees compared to Pakistani mothers in Peshawar, NWFP Pakistan. *Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association.* 61, pp. 161-164.

Zhao, B-Q., Li, X-Y., Li, X-P., Shi, X-J., Huang, S-M., Wang, B-R., Zhu, P., Yang, X-Y., Liu, H., Chen, Y., Poulton, P. R., Powlson, D. S., Todd, A. D. and Payne, R. W. 2010. Long-term Fertilizer Experiment Network in China: crop yields and soil nutrient trends. *Agronomy Journal.* 102, pp. 216-230.

Lutman, P. J. W., Sweet, J., Berry, K., Law, J., Payne, R. W., Simpson, E., Walker, K. and Wightman, P. 2008. Weed control in conventional and herbicide tolerant winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus) grown in rotations with winter cereals in the UK. *Weed Research.* 48 (5), pp. 408-419.

Payne, R. W. 2006. New and traditional methods for the analysis of unreplicated experiments. *Crop Science.* 46, pp. 2476-2481.

Lutman, P. J. W., Berry, K., Payne, R. W., Simpson, E., Sweet, J. B., Champion, G. T., May, M. J., Wightman, P., Walker, K. and Lainsbury, M. 2005. An update on the persistence of seeds from crops of conventional and herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (Brassica napus). *Abstracts 2nd International Conference on Co-existence between GM and non-GM based agricultural supply chains, Montpellier, 14-15 November 2005 .*

Rinaldi, M., Di Paolo. E., Richter, G. M. and Payne, R. W. 2005. Modelling the effect of soil moisture on germination and emergence of wheat and sugar beet with the minimum number of parameters. *Annals of Applied Biology.* 147 (1), pp. 69-80.

Lutman, P. J. W., Berry, K., Payne, R. W., Simpson, E., Sweet, J. B., Champion, G. T., May, M. J., Wightman, P., Walker, K. and Lainsbury, M. 2005. Persistence of seeds from crops of conventional and herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (Brassica napus). *Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences.* 272 (1575), pp. 1909-1915.

Payne, R. W. 2004. Algorithms, data structures and languages: the computational ingredients for innovative analysis. in: Adams, N., Stephens, D., Hand, D. J. and Crowder, M. (ed.) Methods and models in statistics: in honour of Professor John Nelder FRS Imperial College Press, London. pp. 95-118

Sweet, J., Simpson, E., Law, J., Lutman, P. J. W., Berry, K. J., Payne, R. W., Champion, G. T., May, M. J., Walker, K., Wightman, P. and Lainsbury, M. 2004. *Botanical and rotational implications of genetically modified herbicide tolerance in winter oilseed rape and sugar beet (BRIGHT Project)(H-GCA Project Report No. 353).* Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Payne, R. W. 2003. General balance, large data sets and extensions to unbalanced treatment structures. *Computational Statistics & Data Analysis.* 44, pp. 297-304.

Payne, R. W. 2002. Design and analysis of experiments. in: Payne, R. W. (ed.) Guide to GenStat release 6.1. Part 2. Statistics VSN International, Hemel Hempstead. pp. 281-460

Payne, R. W. 2002. Introduction. in: Payne, R. W. (ed.) Guide to GenStat release 6.1. Part 2. Statistics VSN International, Hemel Hempstead. pp. 1-18

Payne, R. W. 2002. Summary of other facilities. in: Payne, R. W. (ed.) GenStat release 6.1 reference manual. Part 1. Summary VSN International, Hemel Hempstead. pp. 447-462

Payne, R. W. Arnold, G. M. (ed.) 2002. *GenStat release 6.1 reference manual. Part 3. Procedure library PL14.* VSN International, Hemel Hempstead.

Payne, R. W., Baird, D. B., Cherry, M., Gilmour, A. R., Harding, S. A., Lane, P. W., Morgan, G. W., Murray, D. A., Soutar, D. M., Thompson, R., Todd, A. D., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R. and Welham, S. J. 2002. *GenStat release 6.1 reference manual. Part 2. Directives.* VSN International, Hemel Hempstead.

Payne, R. W., Baird, D. B., Cherry, M., Gilmour, A. R., Harding, S. A., Lane, P. W., Morgan, G. W., Murray, D. A., Soutar, D. M., Thompson, R., Todd, A. D., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R. and Welham, S. J. 2002. *GenStat release 6.1 reference manual. Part 1. Summary.* VSN International, Hemel Hempstead.

Payne, R. W. 2002. Agricultural experiments. in: Greenfield, T. (ed.) Research methods for postgraduates, 2nd ed Arnold, London. pp. 163-171

Coombes, N. E., Payne, R. W. and Lisboa, P. 2002. Comparison of nested simulated annealing and reactive tabu search for efficient experimental designs with correlated data. Haerdle, W. and Ronz, B. (ed.) *COMPSTAT 2002: Proceedings 15th Conference in Computational Statistics, Berlin, 24-28 August 2002 .* Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg. pp. 249-254

Webster, R. and Payne, R. W. 2002. Analysing repeated measurements in soil monitoring and experimentation. *European Journal of Soil Science.* 53 (1), pp. 1-13.

Payne, R. W., Harding, S. A., Dhaliwal,J. A. and Dhaliwal, S. S. 2000. A data warehouse for designed experiments. *Computational Statistics.* 15, pp. 99-108.

Landau, S., Mitchell, R. A. C., Barnett, V., Colls, J. J., Craigon, J. and Payne, R. W. 2000. A parsimonious, multiple-regression model of wheat yield response to environment. *Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.* 101 (2-3), pp. 151-166.

Landau, S., Mitchell, R. A. C., Barnett, V., Colls, J. J., Craigon, J. and Payne, R. W. 1999. Response to "Comments on 'Testing winter wheat simulation models predictions against observed UK grain yields by Landau et al [Agric. For. Meteorol. 89 (1998) 85-89]' by Jamieson et al. [Agric. For. Meteorol., this issue]". *Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.* 96 (1-3), pp. 163-164.

Payne, R. W. 1999. Design keys, pseudo-factors and general balance. *Computational Statistics & Data Analysis.* 29, pp. 217-229.

Brien, C. J. and Payne, R. W. 1999. Tiers, structure formulae and the analysis of complicated experiments. *The Statistician.* 48, pp. 41-52.

Payne, R. W. 1998. APOLYNOMIAL forms the equation for a polynomial contrast fitted by ANOVA. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release PL11 Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 52-53

Payne, R. W., Dhaliwal, J. A. and Dhaliwal, S. S. 1998. A data warehouse for designed experiments. *Abstracts New Techniques and Technologies for Statistics Conference .* pp. 239

Payne, R. W., McCartney, H. A. and Rosas, I. 1998. Analysis of the relationship of aeroallergens, air pollution and weather with asthma emergency admissions to a hospital in Mexico City. *Abstracts 19th International Biometric Conference, Cape Town, 14-18 December 1998 .* pp. 239

Payne, R. W. 1998. Detection of partial aliasing and partial confounding in generally balanced designs. *Computational Statistics.* 13, pp. 213-226.

Payne, R. W. and Harding, S. A. 1998. STABLE: a visual environment for the study of multivariate data. Rizzi, A., Bock, H-H. and Vichi, M. (ed.) *Advances in Data Science and Classification: Proceedings 6th Conference of the International Federation of Classification Societies, Rome, 21-24 July 1998 .* Springer, New York.

Payne, R. W. 1998. Construction of efficient identification schemes using batches of discrete-valued tests. *Journal of Classification.* 15, pp. 185-197.

Payne, R. W. 1998. Key to species. in: Kurtzman, C. P. and Fell, J. W. (ed.) The yeasts: a taxonomic study Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 891-913

Payne, R. W. Green, P. J. (ed.) 1998. *Compstat 1998: Proceedings 13th Symposium in Computational Statistics, Bristol, 1998.* Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg.

Meyer, S. A., Payne, R. W. and Yarrow, D. 1998. Candida Berkhout. in: Kurtzman, C. P. and Fell, J. W. (ed.) The yeasts: a taxonomic study Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 454-573

Payne, R. W. Lane, P. W. (ed.) 1998. *Compstat: Proceedings 13th Symposium in Computational Statistics, Bristol, 1998. Short Communications and Posters.* IACR Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden.

Landau, S., Mitchell, R. A. C., Barnett, V., Colls, J. J., Craigon, J., Moore, K. L. and Payne, R. W. 1998. Testing winter wheat models' predictions against observed UK grain yields. *Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.* 89 (2), pp. 85-99.

Rosas, I., McCartney, H. A., Payne, R. W., Calderon, C., Lacey, J., Chapela, R. and Ruiz-Velazco, S. 1998. Analysis of the relationships between environmental factors (aeroallergens air pollution and weather) and asthma emergency admissions to a hospital in Mexico City. *Allergy.* 53 (4), pp. 394-401.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Gilmour, A. R., Harding, S. A., Morgan, G. W., Murray, D. A., Thompson, R., Todd, A. D., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R. and Welham, S. J. 1997. *Genstat 5 Release 4.1 reference manual supplement.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Gilmour, A. R., Harding, S. A., Morgan, G. W., Murray, D. A., Thompson, R., Todd, A. D., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R. and Welham, S. J. 1997. *Genstat for Windows command language manual.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1997. Procedure AGBIB. in: Payne, R. W., Arnold, G. M. and Morgan, G. W. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release PL10 Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 13-15

Payne, R. W. 1997. Identification of yeasts through computer-based systems. in: Morse, D. R., Scott, P. R., Jeffries, P. and Bridge, P. D. (ed.) Information technology, plant pathology and biodiversity CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI). pp. 333-346

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1997. *An introductory course for Genstat 5 Release 4.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Potts, J. M. and Verrier, P. J. 1997. The description of experimental designs in information systems. *Computers and Electronics in Agriculture.* 19 (1), pp. 69-86.

Barnett, V., Landau, S., Colls, J. J., Craigon, J., Mitchell, R. A. C. and Payne, R. W. 1997. Predicting wheat yields: the search for valid and precise models. Lake, J. V., Goode, J. A. and Bock, G. R. (ed.) *Precision Agriculture: Spatial and Temporal Variability (Ciba Foundation Symposium 210) .* John Wiley & Sons Chichester, West Sussex. pp. 79-99

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Gilmour, A. R., Harding, S. A., Morgan, G. W., Murray, D. A., Thompson, R., Todd, A. D., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R. and Welham, S. J. 1997. *Genstat 5 Release 4.1 reference summary.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Potts, J. M., Verrier, P. J. and Payne, R. W. 1997. The entry, description and extraction of data by accessing the ERA database from the world wide web. Kure, H., Kristensen, A. R. and Thysen, I. (ed.) *Proceedings First European Conference for Information Technology in Agriculture, Copenhagen, 15-18 June 1997 .* pp. 101-104

Payne, R. W. 1997. Inversion of matrices with contents subject to modulo arithmetic. *Applied Statistics.* 46 (2), pp. 295-298.

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1997. *Genstat for windows - an introductory course.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1996. The construction of efficient identification schemes for use in agriculture and biotechnology. *Statistical Methods in Ecology and Adding Value in Agriculture through Quantitative Methods: Proceedings V EU HARMA Concerted Action Workshop, Bari, 23-24 February 1996 .* pp. 79-89

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Harding, S. A., Murray, D. A., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R. J., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1996. *Genstat 5 Release 3.2 Command Language Manual.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1996. Information systems for long-term storage of data from experiments. Thomas, E. and Richter, C. (ed.) *HARMA Concerted Action, Proceedings of the VI HARMA Workshop, Berlin, 20-21 September 1996 .* pp. 4-16

McCartney, H. A., Payne, R. W. and Rosas, I. 1996. Asthma episodes in Mexico City: an analysis of relationships between asthma, pollution, weather and aeroallergens. *Abstracts British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology Annual Meeting, Manchester, 4-6 September 1996 .* pp. 6

Payne, R. W. 1996. Agricultural experiments. in: Greenfield, T. (ed.) Research methods: guidance for postgraduates Arnold, London. pp. 107-114

Payne, R. W. 1996. *Analysis of repeated measurements in Genstat. Course held at the Waite Institute, Adelaide, 3 December 1996.*

Payne, R. W. 1996. New design facilities to confound the unimportant and avoid unbalancing your neighbours. *Abstracts 4th Australasian Genstat Conference, Adelaide, 4-6 December 1996 .* pp. 14

Payne, R. W. 1996. The description of experimental designs in information systems. Lokhorst, C., Dijkhuizen, A. A. and Udinktencate, A. J. (ed.) *Information and Communication Technology Applications in Agriculture: the State of the Art and Future Perspectives. Proceedings 6th International Congress for Computer Technology in Agriculture (ICCTA'96), Wageningen, 16-19 July 1996 .* pp. 249-254

Payne, R. W. 1996. An extendable system for the selection, construction and analysis of generally balanced designs. *Design of Experiments and Statistical Education in Agriculture. Proceedings 3rd HARMA Workshop, Cordoba, November 1994 .* pp. 126-136

Payne, R. W. 1996. *Book review: D. L. Hawksworth, ed., Prospects in systematics. The Systematics Association Special Volume 36, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.*

Brien, C. and Payne, R. W. 1996. Tiers, structure formulae and the analysis of complicated experiments. *Abstracts 4th Australasian Genstat Conference, Adelaide, 4-6 December 1996 .* Wiley. pp. 15

Payne, R. W., Webster, R. and Mugglestone, M. A. 1996. An overview of spatial analysis in Genstat. *Abstracts 4th Australasian Genstat Conference, Adelaide, 4-6 December 1996 .* pp. 27

Potts, J. M., Verrier, P. J. and Payne, R. W. 1996. The Electronic Rothamsted Archive and its use in agricultural research. Lokhorst, C., Dijkhuizen, A. A. and Udinktencate, A. J. (ed.) *Information and Communication Technology Applications in Agriculture: the State of the Art and Future Perspectives. Proceedings 6th International Congress for Computer Technology in Agriculture (ICCTA'96), Wageningen, 16-19 July 1996 .* pp. 171-176

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1996. *Genstat for Windows: an introductory course, 2nd ed.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thomspon, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1996. *Genstat 3[3] Procedure Library.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1996. *Genstat 5 Release 3.2 version for PC Windows and DOS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1996. *Genstat 5 Release 3.2 version for Vax VMS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1996. *Genstat for Windows: an introductory course.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1995. *Genstat 3[2] Procedure Library.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thomspon, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1995. *Genstat 5 Release 3.1 version for Hewlatt Packard 9000 Series 700.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1995. *Genstat 5 Release 3.1 version for Dec Alpha AXP OSF/1.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Harding, S. A., Murray, D. A., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1995. *Genstat for Windows. Release 3.2 manual supplement.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Harding, S. A., Murray, D. A., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1995. *Genstat for Windows reference summary.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Barnett, V. and Payne, R. W. Steiner, R. (ed.) 1995. *Agricultural sustainabilty: economic, environmental and statistical considerations.* John Wiley & Sons Chichester, West Sussex.

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure FRESTRICTEDSET. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 179-180

Payne, R. W. and Harding, S. A. 1995. *Programming in Genstat. Course at Pfizer Central Research, 14 November 1995.*

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure AFORMS. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 10-11

Payne, R. W. and Lane, P. W. 1995. *Linear modelling in Genstat. Workshop at Liverpool John Moores University.*

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure JACKKNIFE. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 224-226

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure RPROPORTIONAL. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 325-327

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure RSURVIVAL. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 328-329

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Harding, S. A., Murray, D. A., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1995. *Genstat 5 release 3.2 reference summary.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Baird, D. B., Harding, S. A., Murray, D. A., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Webster, R., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1995. *Genstat 5 release 3.2 manual supplement.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure FLIBHELP. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 177-178

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure AREPMEASURES. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 58-61

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure ARANDOMIZE. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 56-57

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure APRODUCT. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 54-55

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure APPEND. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 52-53

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure AMERGE. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 40-41

Payne, R. W. 1995. Procedure AGRAPH. in: Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 30-31

Payne, R. W. and Welham, S. J. 1995. *Design and analysis of experiments in Genstat. Course at Pfizer Central Research, 24-25 April 1995.*

Payne, R. W. Arnold, G. M. (ed.) 1995. *Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 3[3].* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Johnston, A. E., Landau, S., Payne, R. W., Welham, S. J. and Rayner, A. I. 1995. Sustainability - the Rothamsted experience. in: Barnett, V., Steiner, R. and Payne, R. W. (ed.) Agricultural sustainability: economic, environmental and statistical considerations John Wiley & Sons Chichester, West Sussex. pp. 171-206

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1994. *Genstat 3[1] Procedure Library.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1994. *Genstat 5 Release 3.1 version for Dec Alpha AXP OpenVMS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1994. *Genstat 5 Release 3.1 version for Sun 4 SunOS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1994. *Genstat 5 Release 3.1. Version for PC DOS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1994. *Genstat 5 Rlease 3.1. Vax VMS version.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1994. *The jackknife and the bootstrap.*

Franklin, M. F. and Payne, R. W. 1994. Tools for the construction of effective experimental designs. Noble, W. (ed.) *Proceedings Kansas State University Conference on Applied Statistics in Agriculture, 1993 .* Kansas State University, Manhattan. pp. 17-30

Payne, R. W. 1994. *A summary of new facilities in Genstat 5 Release 3.*

Payne, R. W. and Franklin, M. F. 1994. Data structures and algorithms for an open system to design and analyse generally balanced designs. Dutter, R. and Grossmann, W. (ed.) *Compstat: Proceedings 11th Symposium on Computational Statistics, Vienna, 1994 .* Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg. pp. 429-434

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1994. *Linear, non-linear and generalised linear modelling in Genstat. Course at Pfizer Central Research.*

Kenward, M. G. and Payne, R. W. 1994. *The analysis of repeated measurments. Course at Pfizer Central Research. Volume 2. Genstat - further information.*

Kenward, M. G. and Payne, R. W. 1994. *The analysis of repeated measurements. Course at Pfizer Central Research. Volume 1. Course notes.*

Barnett, V. and Payne, R. W. 1994. Sustainability - the Rothamsted experience. Talbot, M. (ed.) *Proceedings European Union HARMA Concerted Action Workshop: Quantitative Methods for Sustainable Agriculture, Edinburgh, 6-7 May 1994 .* pp. 65-72

Bateman, G. L., Hornby, D., Payne, R. W. and Nicholls, P. H. 1994. Evaluation of fungicides applied to soil to control naturally- occurring take-all using a balanced-incomplete-block design and very small plots. *Annals of Applied Biology.* 124 (2), pp. 241-251.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1993. *Genstat 2[3] Procedure Library.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1993. *Genstat 5 Release 2.2. Student version for IBM XT/AT and compatible PCs.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1993. *Procedure FDESIGNFILE.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1993. *Procedure AGHIERARCHICAL.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Digby, P. G. N., Harding, S. A., Leech, P. K., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1993. *Genstat 5 Release 3 reference manual.* Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. 1993. *Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 3[1].* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Digby, P. G. N., Harding, S. A., Leech, P. K., Morgan, G. W., Todd, A. D., Thompson, R., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G., Welham, S. J. and White, Robin P. 1993. *Genstat 5 Release 3 reference summary.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Lane, P. W. and Payne, R. W. 1993. *An introductory course for Genstat 5 Release 3.* Lawes Agricultural Trust, (LAT) Harpenden.

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure ASWEEP. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 41-43

Payne, R. W. and Welham, S. J. 1993. *Genstat 5 topic course: analysis of linear mixed models.* Lawes Agricultural Trust, (LAT) Harpenden.

Hornby, D., Bateman, G. L., Payne, R. W., Brown, M. E., Henden, D. R. and Campbell, R. 1993. Field tests of bacteria and soil-applied fungicides as control agents for take-all in winter wheat. *Annals of Applied Biology.* 122 (2), pp. 253-270.

Payne, R. W. 1993. *Genkey: a program for constructing and printing identification keys and diagnostic tables. Mark 4.* IACR Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden.

Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. Morgan, G. W. (ed.) 1993. *Genstat 5 Procedure Library Manual Release 2[3].* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure PDESIGN. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 244-246

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure FACPRODUCT. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 126-127

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure AKEY. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 23-27

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure AFUNITS. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 17-18

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure AFCYCLIC. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 14-16

Payne, R. W. 1993. Procedure AFALPHA. in: Payne, R. W., Morgan, G. W. and Arnold, G. M. (ed.) Genstat 5 procedure library manual release 2[3] Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford. pp. 11-13

Payne, R. W. 1993. The use of identification keys and diagnostic tables in statistical work. *Computational Statistics. Proceedings 10th Symposium on Computational Statistics, COMPSTAT, Neuchatel, August 1992 .* Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg. pp. 239-244

Payne, R. W., Lane, P., Harding, S., Murray, D., Thompson, R., Todd, A. and Welham, S. J. 1992. *Genstat 5 Release 2.2 (implementation for Silicon Graphics).* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W., Hornby, D. and Bateman, G. L. 1992. Experiments for testing treatments to control take-all. *Proceedings XVIth International Biometric Conference, Hamilton, New Zealand, 7-11 December 1992 .* pp. 176

Payne, R. W. and Lane, P. W. 1992. *Genstat 5 topic course notes - statistical modelling: regression, curve fitting and generalized linear models.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. and Tobias, R. D. 1992. General balance, combination of information and the analysis of covariance. *Scandinavian Journal of Statistics.* 19 (1), pp. 3-23.

Payne, R. W. 1992. *Genstat Procedure Library news.*

Payne, R. W. 1991. Printing of bit patterns. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C (Applied Statistics).* 40 (1), pp. 229-233.

Payne, R. W. 1991. Construction of irredundant test sets. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C (Applied Statistics).* 40 (1), pp. 213-229.

Barnett, J. A., Payne, R. W. and Yarrow, D. 1990. *Yeasts: characteristics and identification.* Cambridge University Press (CUP) Cambridge.

Payne, R. W. 1990. A remark on algorithm AS 65: interpreting structure formulae. *Journal of Applied Statistics.* 39, pp. 167-175.

Payne, R. W. and Welham, S. J. 1990. A comparison of algorithms for combination of information in generally balanced designs. *Compstat 1990..* Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.. pp. 297-302.

Payne, R. W. 1990. A remark on algorithm AS 65: interpreting structure formulae. *Applied Statistics.* 39 (1), pp. 167-175.

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Ainsley, A. E., Bicknell, K. E., Digby, P. G. N., Harding, S. A., Leech, P. K., Simpson, H. R., Todd, A. D., Welham, S. J., White, Robin P., Gower, J. C., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G. and Verrier, P. J. 1989. *Genstat 5 release 2 reference summary . 97pp.*

Payne, R. W., Digby, P. G. N. and Arnold, G. M. 1989. *A guide to procedures in Genstat.*

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Genstat Procedure Library for release 1.3.*

Arnold, G. M. and Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure GENPROC.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Ridout, M. S. and Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure ANTORDER.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. and Ridout, M. S. 1989. *Procedure ANTTEST.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. 1989. *Procedure MANCOVA.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. and Arnold, G. M. 1989. *Procedure MANOVA.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure SUBSET.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure VHOMOGENEITY.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure LIBEXAMPLE.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure LIBHELP.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure LIBINFORM.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure LIBMANUAL.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure NOTICE.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure PERCENT.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure REPMEAS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure CHECKARGUMENT.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure AONEWAY.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. 1989. *Procedure ALIAS.* Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford.

Payne, R. W. Arnold, G. M. (ed.) 1989. *Genstat 5 procedure library manual. Release 1.3[2]. 175 pp.*

Hornby, D., Bateman, G. L., Payne, R. W., Brown, M. E. and Henden, D. R. 1989. An experimental design and procedures for testing putative controls against naturally-occurring take-all in the field. *Annals of Applied Biology.* 115 (2), pp. 195-208.

Payne, R. W. and Thompson, C. J. 1989. A study of criteria for constructing identification keys containing tests with unequal costs. *Computational Statistics Quarterly.* 1, pp. 43-52.

Digby, P. G. N., Harding, S. A., Lane, P. W., Payne, R. W. and Simpson, H. R. 1988. *Genstat 5 introductory course notes.*

Gibson, R. W., Payne, R. W. and Katis, N. 1988. The transmission of potato virus Y by aphids of different vectoring abilities. *Annals of Applied Biology.* 113 (1), pp. 35-43.

Payne, R. W. 1988. Identification keys, diagnostic tables and expert systems. * Compstat 88. Eds. D. Edwards & N.E. Raun. Heidelberg : Physica Verlag.* pp. 199-204

Payne, R. W., Lane, P. W., Ainsley, A. E., Bicknell, K. E., Digby, P. G. N., Harding, S. A., Leech, P. K., Simpson, H. R., Todd, A. D., Verrier, P. J., White, Robin P., Gower, J. C., Tunnicliffe Wilson, G. and Paterson, L. J. 1987. *Genstat 5 reference manual.*

Ainsley, A. E., Digby, P. G. N., Harding, S. A., Lane, P. W., Payne, R. W. and Simpson, H. R. 1987. *Conversion from Genstat 4 to Genstat 5.*

Payne, R. W. and Lane, P. W. 1986. *Design criteria for a flexible statistical language.*

Gower, J. C. and Payne, R. W. 1986. *On identifying yeasts and related problems.*

Payne, R. W. 1984. Computer construction and typesetting of identification keys. *New Phytologist.* 96 (4), pp. 631-634.

Henstridge, J. D., Payne, R. W. and Baker, R. J. 1984. Buffered output in fortran. *The Computer Journal.* 27 (2), pp. 179-184.

Lane, P. W., Payne, R. W. and Simpson, H. R. 1983. *Software notices. New developments in Genstat.*

Payne, R. W., Yarrow, D. and Barnett, J. A. 1982. The construction by computer of a diagnostic key to the genera of yeasts and other such groups of taxa. *Journal of General Microbiology.* 128 (JUN), pp. 1265-1277.

Payne, R. W. 1981. The specification of experimental-designs to ANOVA programs - comment. *American Statistician.* 35 (2), pp. 107-107.

Payne, R. W. 1981. Selection criteria for the construction of efficient diagnostic keys. *Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference.* 5 (1), pp. 27-36.

Payne, R. W. 1981. Facilities for modeling linear and non-linear bioassay relationships in mlp. *Chemistry & Industry.* (15), pp. 525-528.

Payne, R. W., Lamacraft, R. R. and White, R. P. 1981. The dual polyclave - an aid to more efficient identification. *New Phytologist.* 87 (1), pp. 121-126.

Sawicki, R. M., Devonshire, A. L., Payne, R. W. and Petzing, S. M. 1980. Stability of insecticide resistance in the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer). *Pesticide Science.* 11 (1), pp. 33-42.

Payne, R. W. and Preece, D. A. 1980. Identification keys and diagnostic tables - a review. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society).* 143, pp. 253-292.

Payne, R. W. and Wilkinson, G. N. 1977. A general algorithm for analysis of variance. *Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C (Applied Statistics).* 26 (3), pp. 251-260.

Payne, R. W. 1977. Reticulation and other methods of reducing size of printed diagnostic keys. *Journal of General Microbiology.* 98 (FEB), pp. 595-597.

Payne, R. W. and Preece, D. A. 1977. Incorporating checks against observer error into identification keys. *New Phytologist.* 79 (1), pp. 203-209.

Smith, J. E., Payne, R. W. and Bainbridge, A. 1977. Ethirimol-sensitivity in populations of erysiphe-graminis from plots of spring barley. *Annals of Applied Biology.* 87 (3), pp. 345-354.

Gower, J. C. and Payne, R. W. 1975. A comparison of different criteria for selecting binary tests in diagnostic keys. *Biometrika.* 62 (3), pp. 665-672.

Payne, R. W., Walton, E. and Barnett, J. A. 1974. New way of representing diagnostic keys. *Journal of General Microbiology.* 83 (AUG), pp. 413-414.

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