The Rothamsted Long-Term Experiments including Sample Archive and e-RA database [2012-2017]

Project (past)

Project dates01 Apr 2012 to end of 31 Mar 2017
Researchers
Co-InvestigatorAndy Macdonald
Principal InvestigatorKeith Goulding
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Lawes Agricultural Trust
Project numberS5189
5189
S6078
6078
DepartmentSustainable Soils and Grassland Systems (SSGS)
Research fish codeBBS/E/C/00005189
Grant IDBBS/E/C/00005189

Outputs

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Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to structural stability

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Jensen, J. L., Schjonning, P., Watts, C. W., Christensen, B. T., Peltre, C. and Munkholm, L. 2019. Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to structural stability. Geoderma. 337 (1 March), pp. 834-843.

The importance of long‐term experiments in agriculture: their management to ensure continued crop production and soil fertility; the Rothamsted experience

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Johnston, A. E. and Poulton, P. R. 2018. The importance of long‐term experiments in agriculture: their management to ensure continued crop production and soil fertility; the Rothamsted experience. European Journal of Soil Science. 69 (1), pp. 113-125.

Pyrogenic Carbon Lacks Long-Term Persistence in Temperate Arable Soils

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Lutfalla, S., Abiven, S., Barré, P., Wiedemeier, D. B., Christensen, B. T., Houot, S., Kätterer,T., Macdonald, A. J., Van Oort, F. and Chenu, C. 2017. Pyrogenic Carbon Lacks Long-Term Persistence in Temperate Arable Soils. Frontiers in Earth Science. 5 (96).

Changes in soil organic matter over 70 years in continuous arable and ley–arable rotations on a sandy loam soil in England

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Johnston, A. E., Poulton, P. R., Coleman, K., Macdonald, A. J. and White, R. P. 2017. Changes in soil organic matter over 70 years in continuous arable and ley–arable rotations on a sandy loam soil in England. European Journal of Soil Science. 68 (3), pp. 305-316.

Potassium management in soils and crops: a review

C1 - Edited contributions to conferences/learned societies
Johnston, A. E., Poulton, P. R., Goulding, K. W. T., Macdonald, A. J. and Glendining, M. J. 2016. Potassium management in soils and crops: a review. In: Proceedings of the International Fertiliser Society Vol.792. International Fertiliser Society (IFS).

The unique contribution of Rothamsted to ecological research at large temporal scales

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Storkey, J., Macdonald, A. J., Bell, J. R., Clark, I. M., Gregory, A. S., Hawkins, N. J., Hirsch, P. R., Todman, L. C. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. The unique contribution of Rothamsted to ecological research at large temporal scales. in: Dumbrell, A. J., Kordas, R. L. and Woodward, G. (ed.) Advances in Ecological Research 55: Large-Scale Ecology: Model Systems to Global Perspectives Academic Press, Oxford. pp. 3-42

Consolidating soil carbon turnover models by improved estimates of belowground carbon input

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Taghizadeh-Toosi, A., Christensen, B. T., Glendining, M. J. and Olesen, J. E. 2016. Consolidating soil carbon turnover models by improved estimates of belowground carbon input. Scientific Reports. 6, p. 32568.

Change from paddy rice to vegetable growing changes nitrogen-cycling microbial communities and their variation with depth in the soil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Qin, H. L., Zhang, Z. X., Lu, J., Zhu, Y. J., Webster, R., Liu, X. L., Yuan, H. Z., Hou, H. J., Chen, C. L. and Wei, W. X. 2016. Change from paddy rice to vegetable growing changes nitrogen-cycling microbial communities and their variation with depth in the soil. European Journal of Soil Science. 67 (5), pp. 650-658.

Evidence for increases in vegetation species richness across UK Environmental Change Network sites linked to changes in air pollution and weather patterns

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Rose, R., Monteith, D. T., Henrys, P., Smart, S., Wood, C., Morecroft, M., Andrews, C., Beaumont, D. A., Benham, S., Bowmaker, V., Corbett, S., Dick, J., Dodd, B., Dodd, N., Flexen, M., McKenna, C., Mcmillan, S., Pallett, D., Rennie, S., Schafer, S., Scott, T., Sherrin, L., Turner, A. and Watson, H. 2016. Evidence for increases in vegetation species richness across UK Environmental Change Network sites linked to changes in air pollution and weather patterns. Ecological Indicators. 68, pp. 52-62.

Trends and variability in weather and atmospheric deposition at UK Environmental Change Network sites (1993-2012)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Monteith, D. T., Henrys, P., Banin, L., Smith, Ron, Morecroft, M., Scott, T., Andrews, C., Beaumont, D. A., Benham, S., Bowmaker, V., Corbett, S., Dick, J., Dodd, B., Dodd, N., McKenna, C., Mcmillan, S., Pallett, D., Pereira, M. G., Poskitt, J., Rennie, S., Rose, R., Schafer, S., Sherrin, L., Tang, S., Turner, A. and Watson, H. 2016. Trends and variability in weather and atmospheric deposition at UK Environmental Change Network sites (1993-2012). Ecological Indicators. 68, pp. 21-35.

Soil acidification and the importance of liming agricultural soils with particular reference to the United Kingdom

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Goulding, K. W. T. 2016. Soil acidification and the importance of liming agricultural soils with particular reference to the United Kingdom. Soil Use and Management. 32 (3), pp. 390-399.

Analysis of temporal change in delivery of ecosystem services over 20 years at long term monitoring sites of the UK Environmental Change Network

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Dick, J., Andrews, C., Beaumont, D. A., Benham, S., Dodd, N., Pallett, D., Rose, R., Scott, T., Smith, Ron, Schafer, S. M., Turner, A. and Watson, H. 2016. Analysis of temporal change in delivery of ecosystem services over 20 years at long term monitoring sites of the UK Environmental Change Network. Ecological Indicators. 68 (September), pp. 115-125.

UAS-based soil carbon mapping using VIS-NIR (480-1000 nm) multi-spectral imaging: potential and limitations

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Aldana Jague, E., Heckrath, G., Macdonald, A. J., Van Wesemael, B. and Van Oost, K. 2016. UAS-based soil carbon mapping using VIS-NIR (480-1000 nm) multi-spectral imaging: potential and limitations. Geoderma. 275 (1 August), pp. 55-66.

The potential for land sparing to offset greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Lamb, A., Green, R., Bateman, I., Broadmeadow, M., Bruce, T. J. A., Burney, J., Carey, P., Chadwick, D. R., Crane, E., Field, R., Goulding, K. W. T., Griffiths, H., Hastings, A., Kasoar, T., Kindred, D., Phalan, B., Pickett, J. A., Smith, P., Wall, E., Zu Ermgassen, E. K. H. J. and Balmford, A. 2016. The potential for land sparing to offset greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Nature Climate Change. 6, pp. 488-492.

Genome size and ploidy influence angiosperm species' biomass under nitrogen and phosphorus limitation

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Guignard, M. S., Nichols, R. A., Knell, R. J., Macdonald, A. J., Romila, C-A., Trimmer, M., Leitch, I. J. and Leitch, A. R. 2016. Genome size and ploidy influence angiosperm species' biomass under nitrogen and phosphorus limitation. New Phytologist. 210 (4), pp. 1195-1206.

Last-century increases in intrinsic water-use efficiency of grassland communities have occurred over a wide range of vegetation composition, nutrient inputs and soil pH

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Kohler, I. H., Macdonald, A. J. and Schnyder, H. 2016. Last-century increases in intrinsic water-use efficiency of grassland communities have occurred over a wide range of vegetation composition, nutrient inputs and soil pH. Plant Physiology. 170, pp. 881-890.

The impact of fertilizer management on the oxidation status of terrestrial organic matter

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Worrall, F., Clay, G. D. and Macdonald, A. J. 2016. The impact of fertilizer management on the oxidation status of terrestrial organic matter. Soil Use and Management. 32 (1), pp. 45-52.

Grassland biodiversity bounces back from long-term nitrogen addition

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Storkey, J., Macdonald, A. J., Poulton, P. R., Scott, T., Kohler, I. H., Schnyder, H., Goulding, K. W. T. and Crawley, M. J. 2015. Grassland biodiversity bounces back from long-term nitrogen addition. Nature. 528, pp. 401-404.

Over 150 years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Liang, Y., Wu, Liyou, Clark, I. M., Xue, K., Yang, Y., Van Nostrand, J. D., Deng, Y., He, Z., McGrath, S. P., Storkey, J., Hirsch, P. R., Sun, B. and Zhou, J. 2015. Over 150 years of long-term fertilization alters spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity. mBio. 6, pp. e00240-15.

e-RA, the electronic Rothamsted Archive: long-term data for modern-day agroecological research

C1 - Edited contributions to conferences/learned societies
Glendining, M. J., Perryman, S. A. M., Castells-Brooke, N. I. D. and Rawlings, C. J. 2015. e-RA, the electronic Rothamsted Archive: long-term data for modern-day agroecological research. Valuing long-term sites and experiments for agriculture and ecology. Aspects of Applied Biology 128 . Association of Applied Biologists (AAB). pp. 263-264

Soil carbon dynamics and nutrient cycling

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Powlson, D. S., Cai, Z. and Lemanceau, P. 2015. Soil carbon dynamics and nutrient cycling. in: Milne, E., Noellemeyer, E. and Banwart, S. (ed.) Soil carbon: science, management and policy for multiple benefits (SCOPE Vol. 71) CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI). pp. 98-107

The Rothamsted Long-term Experiments

C1 - Edited contributions to conferences/learned societies
Macdonald, A. J., Powlson, D. S., Poulton, P. R., Watts, C. W., Clark, I. M., Storkey, J., Hawkins, N. J., Glendining, M. J., Goulding, K. W. T. and McGrath, S. P. 2015. The Rothamsted Long-term Experiments. Valuing long-term sites and experiments for agriculture and ecology. Aspects of Applied Biology 128 . Association of Applied Biologists (AAB). pp. 1-10

Soil carbon, multiple benefits

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Milne, E., Banwart, S. A., Noellemeyer, E., Abson, D. J., Ballabio, C., Bampa, F., Batino, A., Batjes, N. H., Bernoux, M., Bhattacharya, T., Black, H., Buschiazzo, D. E., Cai, Z., Cerri, C. E., Cheng, K., Compagnone, C., Conant, R., Coutinho, H. L. C., De Brogniez, D., De Carvalho Balieiro, C., Duffy, C., Feller, C., Fidalgo, E. C. C., Figueira da Silva, C., Funk, R., Gaudig, G., Gicheru, P. T., Goldhaber, M., Gottschalk, P., Goulet, F., Goverse, T., Grathwohl, P., Joosten, H., Kamoni, P. T., Kilhara, J., Krawczynski, R., La Scala Jr., N., Lemanceau, P., Li, L., Li, Z., Lugato, E., Maron, P-A., Martius, C., Melillo, J., Montanarella, L., Nikolaidis, N., Nziguheba, G., Pan, G., Pascual, U., Paustian, K., Pineiro, G., Powlson, D. S., Quiroga, A., Richter, D., Sigwalt, A., Six, J., Smith, J., Smith, P., Stocking, M., Tanneberger, F., Termansen, M., Van Noordwijk, M., Van Wesemael, B., Vargas, R., Victoria, R. L., Waswa, B., Werner, D., Whichmann, S., Witchtmann, W., Zhang, X., Zhao, Y., Zheng, J. and Zheng, J. 2015. Soil carbon, multiple benefits. Environmental Development. 13, pp. 33-38.

Mapping soil salinity in the Yangtze delta: REML and universal kriging (E-BLUP) revisited

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Li, H. Y., Webster, R. and Shi, Z. 2015. Mapping soil salinity in the Yangtze delta: REML and universal kriging (E-BLUP) revisited. Geoderma. 237-238, pp. 71-77.

High-resolution spatial patterns of soil organic carbon content derived from low-altitude aerial multi-band imagery on the Broadbalk Wheat Experiment at Rothamsted, UK

C2 - Non-edited contributions to conferences
Aldana Jague, E., Goulding, K. W. T., Heckrath, G., Macdonald, A. J., Poulton, P. R., Stevens, A., Van Wesemael, B. and Van Oost, K. 2014. High-resolution spatial patterns of soil organic carbon content derived from low-altitude aerial multi-band imagery on the Broadbalk Wheat Experiment at Rothamsted, UK. European Geosciences Union (EGU).

Changing concepts for the efficient use of phosphorus in agriculture

C1 - Edited contributions to conferences/learned societies
Johnston, A. E. and Poulton, P. R. 2014. Changing concepts for the efficient use of phosphorus in agriculture. International Fertiliser Society Proceedings 757. International Fertiliser Society (IFS). pp. 49pp

The efficient use of phosphorus in agriculture

G - Articles in popular magazines and other technical publications
Johnston, A. E., Fixen, P. and Poulton, P. R. 2014. The efficient use of phosphorus in agriculture. Better Crops with Plant Food. 98 (4), pp. 22-24.

Triaxial testing to determine the effect of soil type and organic carbon content on soil consolidation and shear deformation characteristics

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Chakraborty, D., Watts, C. W., Powlson, D. S., Macdonald, A. J., Ashton, R. W., White, Robin P. and Whalley, W. R. 2014. Triaxial testing to determine the effect of soil type and organic carbon content on soil consolidation and shear deformation characteristics. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 78, pp. 1192-1200.

C-TOOL: a simple model for simulating whole-profile carbon storage in temperate agricultural soils

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Taghizadeh-Toosi, A., Christensen, B. T., Hutchings, N. J., Vejlin, J., Katterer, T., Glendining, M. J. and Olesen, J. E. 2014. C-TOOL: a simple model for simulating whole-profile carbon storage in temperate agricultural soils. Ecological Modelling. 292, pp. 11-25.

Changes in soil phosphorus forms through time in perennial versus annual agroecosystems

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Crews, T. E. and Brookes, P. C. 2014. Changes in soil phosphorus forms through time in perennial versus annual agroecosystems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 184, pp. 168-181.

Who was Sir John Lawes?

G - Articles in popular magazines and other technical publications
Sneddon, G. 2014. Who was Sir John Lawes? Biologist. 61(4), pp. 24-27.

The UK Environmental Change Network Rothamsted: physical and atmospheric measurements

D1 - Technical reports: non-confidential
Scott, T. 2014. The UK Environmental Change Network Rothamsted: physical and atmospheric measurements. Harpenden Lawes Agricultural Trust. doi:10.23637/ecn-rothamsted-booklet-2015

Paralog re-emergence: a novel, historically contingent mechanism in the evolution of antimicrobial resistance

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hawkins, N. J., Cools, H. J., Sierotzki, H., Shaw, M. W., Knogge, W., Kelly, S. L., Kelly, D. E. and Fraaije, B. A. 2014. Paralog re-emergence: a novel, historically contingent mechanism in the evolution of antimicrobial resistance. Molecular Biology And Evolution. 31 (7), pp. 1793-1802.

The continuing value of long-term field experiments: insights for achieving food security and environmental integrity

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Powlson, D. S., Macdonald, A. J. and Poulton, P. R. 2014. The continuing value of long-term field experiments: insights for achieving food security and environmental integrity. in: Dent, D. (ed.) Soil as world heritage Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 131-157

Adaptation to acidic soil is achieved by increased numbers of cis-acting elements regulating ALMT1 expression in Holcus lanatus

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Chen, Z. C., Yokosho, K., Kashino, M., Zhao, F-J., Yamaji, N. and Ma, J. F. 2013. Adaptation to acidic soil is achieved by increased numbers of cis-acting elements regulating ALMT1 expression in Holcus lanatus. The Plant Journal. 76 (1), pp. 10-23.

Estimating penetrometer resistance and matric potential from the velocities of shear and compression waves

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Gao, W., Watts, C. W., Ren, T., Shin, H-C., Taherzadeh, S., Attenborough, K., Jenkins, M. and Whalley, W. R. 2013. Estimating penetrometer resistance and matric potential from the velocities of shear and compression waves. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 77, pp. 721-728.

Ca. Nitrososphaera and Bradyrhizobium are inversely correlated and related to agricultural practices in long-term field experiments

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhalnina, K., De Quadros, P. D., Gano, K. A., Davis-Richardson, A., Fagen, J. R., Brown, C. T., Giongo, A., Drew, J. C., Sayavedra-Soto, L. A., Arp, D. J., Camargo, F. A. O., Daroub, S. H., Clark, I. M., McGrath, S. P., Hirsch, P. R. and Triplett, E. W. 2013. Ca. Nitrososphaera and Bradyrhizobium are inversely correlated and related to agricultural practices in long-term field experiments. Frontiers in Microbiology. 4, p. 104.

Evidence for presence of the founder Ia mtDNA haplotype of Phytophthora infestans in 19th century potato tubers from the Rothamsted archives

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Ristaino, J. B., Hu, C. H. and Fitt, B. D. L. 2013. Evidence for presence of the founder Ia mtDNA haplotype of Phytophthora infestans in 19th century potato tubers from the Rothamsted archives. Plant Pathology. 62 (3), pp. 492-500.

A dual-porous, inverse model of water retention to study biological and hydrological interactions in soil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Laudone, G. M., Matthews, G. P., Gregory, A. S., Bird, N. R. A. and Whalley, W. R. 2013. A dual-porous, inverse model of water retention to study biological and hydrological interactions in soil. European Journal of Soil Science. 64 (3), pp. 345-356.

Historical arsenic contamination of soil due to long-term phosphate fertiliser applications

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hartley, T. N., Macdonald, A. J., McGrath, S. P. and Zhao, F-J. 2013. Historical arsenic contamination of soil due to long-term phosphate fertiliser applications. Environmental Pollution. 180, pp. 259-264.