Expression of CYP71B7, a cytochrome P450 expressed sequence tag from Arabidopsis thaliana

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Maughan, J. A., Nugent, J. H. A. and Hallahan, D. L. 1997. Expression of CYP71B7, a cytochrome P450 expressed sequence tag from Arabidopsis thaliana. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 341 (1), pp. 104-111.

AuthorsMaughan, J. A., Nugent, J. H. A. and Hallahan, D. L.

The systematic sequencing of anonymous cDNA clones (expressed sequence tags or ESTs) from the plantArabidopsis thalianahas identified a number of cDNAs with similarity to known cytochrome P450 sequences. The partial sequence of one of these cDNAs, 5G6, indicated that it was likely to encode a full-length cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (cyt P450) sequence. In this paper we describe the complete sequence of this clone, which has been designatedCYP71B7in accordance with the nomenclature for the cyt P450 gene superfamily. The cDNA was used to determine the pattern of expression of the corresponding gene inA. thaliana.Northern hybridization analysis indicated that maximal expression ofCYP71B7occurred in rosette leaves. Weaker hybridizing bands were also detected by Northern analysis of RNA from roots, leaves, flowers, and siliques. No expression could be detected in stem tissue. Southern analysis indicated that theCYP71B7gene was likely to exist as a single copy in the genome ofA. thaliana. CYP71B7was expressed episomally in yeast, and microsomes prepared from transgenic yeast exhibited a carbon monoxide difference spectrum characteristic of cyt P450. Microsomes from yeast expressingCYP71B7were assayed for enzymatic activity with synthetic model cyt P450 substrates. Microsomes from yeast cells expressingCYP71B7or those from control cells exhibited no detectable NADPH-supported 7-ethoxycoumarin or 7-ethoxyresorufin deethylase activities. However, in the presence of cumene hydroperoxide, activity was observed with microsomes from cells expressing CYP71B7 with 7-ethoxycoumarin as substrate. Organic hydroperoxides are well known to support cyt P450 catalysis in the absence of electrons from NADPH. The yeast microsomes contained high levels of endogenous NADPH–ferricytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) activity. The data suggest that thisA. thalianacyt P450, although expressed in an active form, is incapable of accepting electrons from the endogenous yeast CPR protein.

Keywordscytochrome P450; plant; cDNA; heterologous expression; yeast; deethylase
Year of Publication1997
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Journal citation341 (1), pp. 104-111
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code215
Project: 011528
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online25 May 2002
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
PublisherElsevier Science Inc

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