The effects of osmotic pre-sowing treatment on laboratory germination in a range of wild flower species

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Tallowin, J. R. B., Rook, A. J. and Brookman, S. K. E. 1994. The effects of osmotic pre-sowing treatment on laboratory germination in a range of wild flower species. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 124 (2), pp. 363-370.

AuthorsTallowin, J. R. B., Rook, A. J. and Brookman, S. K. E.
Abstract

Sown seed of many wild flower species have slow or delayed germination which can allow unsown and undesirable species to colonise a prepared site. Ideally all seed sown should germinate immediately. Priming seed in an inert osmoticum can improve synchronisation and speed of germination The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of priming on a selection of 60 wild flower species from a total of 21 different families. The majority of the species selected were common constituents of commercial seed mixtures. Seeds were primed in the light at 15-degrees-C for 14 days in a polyethylene glycol '6000' solution giving an osmotic potential of either -10 or -15 bars. Priming had a highly significant effect on speed of germination reducing the median germination time by 2.8 +/-0.27 days in the -10 bar treatment and 1.6 +/- 0.27 days in the -15 bar treatment. At the species level, 28 species had significantly reduced median germination times following priming. Priming significantly enhanced the final germination percentage in 15 species and significantly reduced it in eight species, with the adverse effect being more pronounced at -15 bars than at -10 bars. Non-hierarchical cluster analysis showed no clear patterns in response to priming either in relation to the comparative ecology or the plant family of the species tested, with the possible exception of the Leguminosae species. Only one out of six members of this family showed any enhancement in germination rate or percentage. The study demonstrates that a priming treatment could improve speed of germination, in a wide range of commonly sown semi-natural grassland species.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1994
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation124 (2), pp. 363-370
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1994.tb04140.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code53
Project: 2401046
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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