A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cocker, K. M., Northcroft, D. S., Coleman, J. O. D. and Moss, S. R. 2001. Resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides and isoproturon in UK populations of Lolium multiflorum : mechanisms of resistance and implications for control. Pest Management Science. 57 (7), pp. 587-597.
|Authors||Cocker, K. M., Northcroft, D. S., Coleman, J. O. D. and Moss, S. R.|
Herbicide-resistant Lolium multiflorum (Italian rye-grass) was first reported in the UK in 1993 and had been confirmed on 25 farms by 1999. In this study, resistance to five herbicides belonging to the aryloxyphenoxypropionate, cyclohexanedlione and phenyl-urea classes was determined in six populations of L multiflorum from the UK under glasshouse and simulated field conditions. Glasshouse conditions tended to exaggerate the degree of resistance, but experiments performed in both environments detected resistance in four populations oft multiflorum. Four populations (Essex Al, Lines Al, Wilts B1, Yorks A2) were resistant to diclofop-methyl, fluazifop-P-butyl, tralkoxydim and partially resistant to isoproturon, but only the population from Yorkshire (Yorks A2) showed resistance to cycloxydim. Biochemical analyses of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) activity, oxygen consumption by thylakoids, diclofop metabolism and glutathione S-transferase activity showed that, in three of the resistant populations, an enhanced rate of herbicide metabolism conferred resistance. This is the first report world-wide of an enhanced metabolism mechanism of diclofop resistance in L multiflorum. In the Yorks A2 population, an insensitive ACCase was detected (target-site resistance) which also conferred cross-resistance to all of the other ACCase inhibitors investigated. (C) 2001 Society of Chemical Industry.
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Journal||Pest Management Science|
|Journal citation||57 (7), pp. 587-597|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1002/ps.330.abs|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||432|
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