A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

A herbicide resistance risk matrix

 

Moss, S. R., Ulber, L. and den Hoed, I. 2019. A herbicide resistance risk matrix. Crop Protection. 115 (January), pp. 13-19.
AuthorsMoss, S. R., Ulber, L. and den Hoed, I.
Abstract

Herbicide resistance is of increasing concern, especially as there is a lack of new modes of action. An assessment of resistance risk has been a key part of the pesticide authorisation process in most European countries since the early 2000's. However, little guidance is provided on how to quantify these risks. The risk matrix described here presents a quantitative approach to the evaluation of the resistance risk posed by the use of herbicides. The inherent, ‘unmodified’ risk is first assessed by ranking herbicides and major target weed species on a scale from low to high resistance risk, based largely on published information. In practice, agronomic management practices (‘modifiers’) will reduce the risk and these are factored into the matrix. Modifiers can include management strategies relating to herbicide use as well as non-chemical methods of weed control. By assigning defined impact factors to possible agronomic modifiers, the overall resistance risk of a herbicide under defined use conditions can be quantified. The approach, although simple, appears robust and produces realistic assessments of the resistance risks associated with four contrasting test scenarios. The aim is to achieve a better harmonisation of herbicide resistance risk assessment across Europe. Although the matrix has a European legislative focus, the approach and principles are relevant in other parts of the world where the extensive use of herbicides is a relatively recent development, and where there is currently limited knowledge and expertise on herbicide resistance and the evaluation of resistance risks. 

Year of Publication2019
JournalCrop Protection
Journal citation115 (January), pp. 13-19
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.09.005
Publisher's versionAs published online 15Sept18 Resistance Matrix1-s2.0-S0261219418302801-main.pdf
Publication dates
Online15 Sep 2018
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN02612194
PublisherElsevier
Page range13-19

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/8w36z/a-herbicide-resistance-risk-matrix

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The response of Echinochloa colona populations from Nigeria to oxadiazon, propanil and pendimethalin
Jafun, F. B., Perryman, S. A. M. and Moss, S. R. 2003. The response of Echinochloa colona populations from Nigeria to oxadiazon, propanil and pendimethalin. Proceedings BCPC International Congress - Crop Science and Technology, Glasgow, 10-12 November 2003 . pp. 870-812

Graminicide insensitivity correlates with herbicide-binding co-operativity on acetyl-CoA carboxylase isoforms
Price, L. J., Herbert, D., Moss, S. R., Cole, D. J. and Harwood, J. L. 2003. Graminicide insensitivity correlates with herbicide-binding co-operativity on acetyl-CoA carboxylase isoforms. Biochemical Journal. 375, pp. 415-423.

Chlorophyll fluorescence technique as a rapid diagnostic test of the effects of the photosynthetic inhibitor chlorotoluron on two winter wheat cultivars
Korres, N. E., Froud-Williams, R. J. and Moss, S. R. 2003. Chlorophyll fluorescence technique as a rapid diagnostic test of the effects of the photosynthetic inhibitor chlorotoluron on two winter wheat cultivars. Annals of Applied Biology. 143 (1), pp. 53-56.

Axtivity of AEF6102-O4H (mesosulfuron + iodosulfuron) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides), Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum) and wild-oats (Avena spp.): 2002-2003. (Confidential report for Bayer CropScience UK Ltd)
Moss, S. R. 2003. Axtivity of AEF6102-O4H (mesosulfuron + iodosulfuron) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides), Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum) and wild-oats (Avena spp.): 2002-2003. (Confidential report for Bayer CropScience UK Ltd).

Herbicide resistance in weeds: current status in Europe and guidelines for management
Moss, S. R. 2003. Herbicide resistance in weeds: current status in Europe and guidelines for management.

Herbicide-resistant wild-oats: problems and solutions
Moss, S. R. 2003. Herbicide-resistant wild-oats: problems and solutions. Abstracts Joint ARIA/HGCA Workshop How to Tackle Herbicide Resistance, Broom's Barn, 27 January 2003 .

The 2002 Rothamsted herbicide-resistant black-grass survey: results and implications
Perryman, S. A. M. and Moss, S. R. 2003. The 2002 Rothamsted herbicide-resistant black-grass survey: results and implications. Abstracts Joint ARIA/HGCA Workshop How to Tackle Herbicide Resistance, Broom's Barn, 27 January 2003 .

Characterisation of target-site resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides in the weed Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)
Moss, S. R., Cocker, K. M., Brown, A. C., Hall, L. and Field, L. M. 2003. Characterisation of target-site resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides in the weed Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass). Pest Management Science. 59 (2), pp. 190-201.

Managing and preventing herbicide resistance in weeds: WRAG guidelines
Moss, S. R. and Orson, J. 2003. Managing and preventing herbicide resistance in weeds: WRAG guidelines. Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test Ryegrass: revised protocol for testing Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum )
Moss, S. R. 2003. Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test Ryegrass: revised protocol for testing Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum ). Rothamsted Research, Harpenden.

The classic long-term experiments at Rothamsted: what have they told us about weeds?
Moss, S. R. and Hewitt, M. V. 2002. The classic long-term experiments at Rothamsted: what have they told us about weeds? Abstracts Annual Meeting of the Weed Science Society of America, Reno, 10-13 February 2002 . pp. Abstract 198

Herbicidal action of 2-hydroxy-3-alkyl-1,4-naphthoquinones
Khambay, B. P. S., Jewess, P. J., Berry, K. J., Higgins, J., Moss, S. R. and Boogard, A. B. 2002. Herbicidal action of 2-hydroxy-3-alkyl-1,4-naphthoquinones. Abstracts 10th International IUPAC Congress on the Chemistry of Crop Protection, Basel, 4-9 August 2002 . pp. 191

Herbicidal action of 2-hydroxy-3-alkyl-1,4-naphthoquinones
Jewess, P. J., Higgins, J., Berry, K. J., Moss, S. R., Boogaard, A. B. and Khambay, B. P. S. 2002. Herbicidal action of 2-hydroxy-3-alkyl-1,4-naphthoquinones. Pest Management Science. 58 (3), pp. 234-242.

Activity of AEF6102-04H (mesosulfuron + iodosulfuron) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum ). Outdoor container studies 2001/2002. (Confidential report for Aventis CropScience UK Ltd)
Moss, S. R. and Baldwin, T. K. 2002. Activity of AEF6102-04H (mesosulfuron + iodosulfuron) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum ). Outdoor container studies 2001/2002. (Confidential report for Aventis CropScience UK Ltd).

Herbicide resistance
Moss, S. R. 2002. Herbicide resistance. BASF.

Detection of herbicide resistance in black-grass, Italian rye-grass and wild-oat at all growth stages.(H-GCA Project Report No. 279)
Wilson, A., Caseley, J. C., Keay, A. P. and Moss, S. R. 2002. Detection of herbicide resistance in black-grass, Italian rye-grass and wild-oat at all growth stages.(H-GCA Project Report No. 279). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Herbicide-resistant weeds
Moss, S. R. 2002. Herbicide-resistant weeds. in: Naylor, R. E. L. (ed.) Weed management handbook, 9th ed Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. pp. 225-252

Experience with herbicide resistance in Europe: global implications
Moss, S. R. 2002. Experience with herbicide resistance in Europe: global implications. Jacob, H. S., Moore, J. H. and Dodd, J. (ed.) Proceedings 13th Australian Weeds Conference, Perth, 9-13 September 2002 . pp. 660-665

An isoleucine to leucine substitution in the ACCase of Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) is associated with resistance to the herbicide sethoxydim
Brown, A. C., Moss, S. R., Wilson, Z. A. and Field, L. M. 2002. An isoleucine to leucine substitution in the ACCase of Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) is associated with resistance to the herbicide sethoxydim. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 72 (3), pp. 160-168.

Sethoxydim resistance: a point mutation in the Alopecurus myosuroides ACCase gene
Brown, A. C., Moss, S. R., Wilson, Z. A. and Field, L. M. 2002. Sethoxydim resistance: a point mutation in the Alopecurus myosuroides ACCase gene.

Developing strategies for reducing the risk from herbicide- resistant wild-oats (Avena spp.) (HGCA Project Report No. 266)
Moss, S. R., Hughes, S. E., Blair, A. M. and Clarke, J. H. 2001. Developing strategies for reducing the risk from herbicide- resistant wild-oats (Avena spp.) (HGCA Project Report No. 266). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Baseline sensitivity to herbicides: a guideline to methodologies
Moss, S. R. 2001. Baseline sensitivity to herbicides: a guideline to methodologies. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 2001 . pp. 769-774

Activity of AEF6102-04H (AEF130060 + iodosulfuron) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum ) (Confidential report for Aventis CropScience UK Ltd)
Moss, S. R. and Keay, A. 2001. Activity of AEF6102-04H (AEF130060 + iodosulfuron) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum ) (Confidential report for Aventis CropScience UK Ltd).

Resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides and isoproturon in UK populations of Lolium multiflorum : mechanisms of resistance and implications for control
Cocker, K. M., Northcroft, D. S., Coleman, J. O. D. and Moss, S. R. 2001. Resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides and isoproturon in UK populations of Lolium multiflorum : mechanisms of resistance and implications for control. Pest Management Science. 57 (7), pp. 587-597.

Managing the risks of herbicide resistance in wild oat
Cavan, G., Cussans, J. W. and Moss, S. R. 2001. Managing the risks of herbicide resistance in wild oat. Weed Science. 49, pp. 236-240.

Dealing with herbicide-resistant wild oats (HGCA Topic Sheet No. 46)
Moss, S. R. and Clarke, J. 2001. Dealing with herbicide-resistant wild oats (HGCA Topic Sheet No. 46). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Modelling different cultivation and herbicide strategies for their effect on herbicide resistance in Alopecurus myosuroides
Cavan, G., Cussans, J. and Moss, S. R. 2000. Modelling different cultivation and herbicide strategies for their effect on herbicide resistance in Alopecurus myosuroides. Weed Research. 40 (6), pp. 561-568.

Activity of clethodim on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). (Confidential report for Sumi Agro (UK) Ltd)
Moss, S. R. and Elliott, C. 2000. Activity of clethodim on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). (Confidential report for Sumi Agro (UK) Ltd).

Activity of X566108 on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). (Confidential Report for DowAgrosciences)
Moss, S. R. and Elliott, C. 2000. Activity of X566108 on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). (Confidential Report for DowAgrosciences).

Activity of MK243 (indanofan) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). (Confidential report for DowAgrosciences)
Moss, S. R. and Elliott, C. 2000. Activity of MK243 (indanofan) on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). (Confidential report for DowAgrosciences).

Mechanisms of resistance in Alopecurus myosuroides and Avena spp.
Coleman, J. O. D., Cocker, K. M. and Moss, S. R. 2000. Mechanisms of resistance in Alopecurus myosuroides and Avena spp. Abstracts 3rd International Weed Science Congress, Foz do Iguassu, Brazil, 2000 . pp. 137-138

Biochemical mechanisms of cross-resistance to aryloxyphenoxypropionate and cyclohexanedione herbicides in populations of Avena spp.
Cocker, K. M., Coleman, J. O. D., Blair, A. M., Clarke, J. H. and Moss, S. R. 2000. Biochemical mechanisms of cross-resistance to aryloxyphenoxypropionate and cyclohexanedione herbicides in populations of Avena spp. Weed Research. 40 (4), pp. 323-334.

Genetic diversity of weeds growing in continuous wheat
Cavan, G., Potier, V. and Moss, S. R. 2000. Genetic diversity of weeds growing in continuous wheat. Weed Research. 40, pp. 301-310.

A century of vegetation change at Broadbalk Wilderness
Kerr, G., Harmer, R. and Moss, S. R. 2000. A century of vegetation change at Broadbalk Wilderness. Morecroft, M. D. and Kirby, K. J. (ed.) Long-term studies in British woodland (English Nature Science No. 34). English Nature, Peterborough. pp. 41-47

The future for grass weed management in the UK
Clarke, J., Moss, S. R. and Orson, J. 2000. The future for grass weed management in the UK.

The Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test for detecting Herbicide-resistance in annual grass
Moss, S. R. 2000. The Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test for detecting Herbicide-resistance in annual grass. pp. 42-43

Grass weed management in an arable rotation
Clarke, J. H., Moss, S. R. and Orson, J. H. 2000. Grass weed management in an arable rotation. Proceedings HGCA Conference on Crop Management into the Millennium, Cambridge, 6-7 January 2000 . pp. 15.1-15.14

Preventing and controlling herbicide-resistant grass weeds (HGCA Topic Sheet No. 22)
Moss, S. R. and Clarke, J. 1999. Preventing and controlling herbicide-resistant grass weeds (HGCA Topic Sheet No. 22). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Modeling effects of spatial patterns on the seed bank dynamics of Alopecurus myosuroides
Gonzales-Andujar, J. L., Perry, J. N. and Moss, S. R. 1999. Modeling effects of spatial patterns on the seed bank dynamics of Alopecurus myosuroides. Weed Science. 47 (6), pp. 697-705.

Role of ABC transporters in herbicide metabolism
Theodoulou, F. L., Clark, I. M., Mitchell, V. J., Moss, S. R. and Pallett, K. E. 1999. Role of ABC transporters in herbicide metabolism. Abstracts Society for Experimental Biology Plant Transport Group Meeting, Southampton, 8-10 September 1999 .

PCR and sequence based strategies for the detection of ACCase inhibitor resistance in grass weeds
Sinclair, W., Greenwood, M., Marshall, G., Moss, S. R., Walter, H., Mortimer, A. M. and Putwain, P. 1999. PCR and sequence based strategies for the detection of ACCase inhibitor resistance in grass weeds. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1999 . pp. 791-796

Activity of tepraloxydim (BAS 620H), a new cyclohexanedione herbicide, on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides )
Ruske, R. E. and Moss, S. R. 1999. Activity of tepraloxydim (BAS 620H), a new cyclohexanedione herbicide, on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1999 . pp. 191-196

The occurrence of herbicide-resistant grass-weeds in the United Kingdom and a new system for designating resistance in screening assays
Moss, S. R., Clarke, J. H., Blair, A. M., Culley, T. N., Read, M. A., Ryan, P. J. and Turner, M. 1999. The occurrence of herbicide-resistant grass-weeds in the United Kingdom and a new system for designating resistance in screening assays. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1999 . pp. 179-184

Multiple mechanisms of resistance to fenoxaprop-P -ethyl in United Kingdom and other European populations of herbicide- resistant Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)
Cocker, K. M., Moss, S. R. and Coleman, J. O. D. 1999. Multiple mechanisms of resistance to fenoxaprop-P -ethyl in United Kingdom and other European populations of herbicide- resistant Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 65 (3), pp. 169-180.

Weed control update and the impact of herbicide resistance
Clarke, J. and Moss, S. R. 1999. Weed control update and the impact of herbicide resistance. HGCA/MAFF, London.

Modelling strategies to prevent resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides )
Cavan, G., Cussans, J. W. and Moss, S. R. 1999. Modelling strategies to prevent resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1999 . pp. 777-782

Activity of imazamox on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and wild-oats (Avena fatua ), and on a range of populations of chickweed (Stellaria media ). Confidential report for Cyanamid
Moss, S. R. and Ruske, R. 1999. Activity of imazamox on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and wild-oats (Avena fatua ), and on a range of populations of chickweed (Stellaria media ). Confidential report for Cyanamid.

Activity of BAS 620 on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Confidential report for BASF
Moss, S. R. and Ruske, R. 1999. Activity of BAS 620 on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Confidential report for BASF.

Rothamsted rapid resistance test for detecting herbicide-resistance in black-grass, wild oats and Italian rye-grass
Moss, S. R. 1999. Rothamsted rapid resistance test for detecting herbicide-resistance in black-grass, wild oats and Italian rye-grass. IACR Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden.

Detecting herbicide resistance: guidelines for conducting diagnostic tests and interpreting results. June 1999
Moss, S. R. 1999. Detecting herbicide resistance: guidelines for conducting diagnostic tests and interpreting results. June 1999. Herbicide Resistance Action Committee.

Molecular evolution in cereal weeds
Cavan, G., Potier, V., Biss, P. and Moss, S. R. 1999. Molecular evolution in cereal weeds. Abstracts Annual Meeting of the Ecological Genetics Group, Reading, March 1999 .

Multiple-resistance mechanisms in fenoxaprop-P-ethyl resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides)
Cocker, K. M., Moss, S. R. and Coleman, J. O. D. 1999. Multiple-resistance mechanisms in fenoxaprop-P-ethyl resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides). pp. 80

New action plan for managing herbicide-resistant grass-weed
Moss, S. R. 1998. New action plan for managing herbicide-resistant grass-weed.

Herbicide resistance and gene flow in wild-oats (Avena fatua and Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana )
Cavan, G., Biss, P. and Moss, S. R. 1998. Herbicide resistance and gene flow in wild-oats (Avena fatua and Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana ). Annals of Applied Biology. 133 (2), pp. 207-217.

The importance of metabolism and target site insensitivity in fenoxaprop-P-ethyl resistant wild-oats and black-grass
Cocker, K. M., Moss, S. R. and Coleman, J. O. D. 1998. The importance of metabolism and target site insensitivity in fenoxaprop-P-ethyl resistant wild-oats and black-grass. Abstracts 9th International Congress on Pesticide Chemistry: the Food-Environment Challenge, London, 2-7 August 1998 . pp. 4A-026

Screening for herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ): a "ring" test
Moss, S. R., Albertini, A., Arlt, K., Blair, A., Collings, L., Bulcke, R., Eelen, H., Claude, J-P., Cordingley, M., Murfitt, R., Gasquez, J., Vacher, C., Goodliffe, P., Cranstone, K., Kudsk, P., Mathiassen, S., De Prado, R., Prosch, D., Rubin, B., Schmidt, O., Walter, H., Thuerwaechter, F., Howard, S., Turner, M., Waelder, L. and Cornes, D. 1998. Screening for herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ): a "ring" test. pp. 671-679

Managing the resistance problem - what's new?
Moss, S. R. 1998. Managing the resistance problem - what's new? Proceedings Arable Farming Weed Conference, Silsoe, 17 September 1998 .

Managing herbicide-resistant blackgrass
Moss, S. R. 1998. Managing herbicide-resistant blackgrass. Proceedings Du Pont Autumn Cereal Herbicide Seminar, Cambridge, 2-3 September 1998 .

Localized origins of herbicide resistance in Alopecurus myosuroides
Cavan, G., Biss, P. and Moss, S. R. 1998. Localized origins of herbicide resistance in Alopecurus myosuroides. Weed Research. 38 (3), pp. 239-245.

The role of glutathione in the metabolism of fenoxaprop-P-ethyl in wild-oats
Cocker, K. M., Moss, S. R. and Coleman, J. O. D. 1998. The role of glutathione in the metabolism of fenoxaprop-P-ethyl in wild-oats. Oxford University Press (OUP) Oxford. pp. 23

Glutathione transferases in herbicide-resistant and herbicide-susceptible black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides )
Cummins, I., Moss, S. R., Cole, D. J. and Edwards, R. 1997. Glutathione transferases in herbicide-resistant and herbicide-susceptible black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Pesticide Science. 51 (3), pp. 244-250.

Herbicide resistance and gene flow in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and wild-oats (Avena spp.)
Cavan, G. and Moss, S. R. 1997. Herbicide resistance and gene flow in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and wild-oats (Avena spp.). Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1997 . pp. 305-310

Molecular analysis of weed populations and evolution of herbicide resistance
Cavan, G. and Moss, S. R. 1997. Molecular analysis of weed populations and evolution of herbicide resistance. Oxford University Press (OUP) Oxford. pp. 92

Molecular analysis of weed populations and evolution of herbicide resistance
Cavan, G. and Moss, S. R. 1997. Molecular analysis of weed populations and evolution of herbicide resistance. Abstracts Resistance '97: Integrated Approach to Combating Resistance, Harpenden, April 1997 .

Activity of JV 485, a protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitor, on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides )
Moss, S. R. and Rooke, M. S. 1997. Activity of JV 485, a protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitor, on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1997 . pp. 337-342

Polymorphism in blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) populations in response to herbicides
Rubin, B., Moss, S. R. and Caseley, J. C. 1997. Polymorphism in blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) populations in response to herbicides. Abstracts 10th European Weed Research Society Symposium, Poznan, 1997 . pp. 16

Variation in cross-resistance in blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) within and between populations: implications for management
Willis, A. D., Mortimer, A. M., Putwain, P. D. and Moss, S. R. 1997. Variation in cross-resistance in blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) within and between populations: implications for management. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1997 . pp. 675-676

Characteristics of acetyl-CoA carboxylases from graminicide-tolerant grasses
Price, L. J., Harwood, J. L., Cole, D. J. and Moss, S. R. 1997. Characteristics of acetyl-CoA carboxylases from graminicide-tolerant grasses. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1997 . pp. 783-788

The influence of safeners on the efficacy of herbicides against resistant grass-weeds
Moss, S. R. and Heyting, S. 1997. The influence of safeners on the efficacy of herbicides against resistant grass-weeds. Abstracts Resistance '97: Integrated Approach to Combating Resistance, Harpenden, April 1997 .

Revised guidelines for preventing and managing herbicide-resistant grass-weeds
Moss, S. R. 1997. Revised guidelines for preventing and managing herbicide-resistant grass-weeds. Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Strategies for the prevention and control of herbicide resistance in annual grass weeds
Moss, S. R. 1997. Strategies for the prevention and control of herbicide resistance in annual grass weeds. in: DePrado, R., Garcia-Torres, L. and Jorrin, J. (ed.) Weed and crop resistance to herbicides Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. pp. 283-290

Mechanisms of resistance to aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicides in two resistant biotypes of Alopecurus myosuroides (blackgrass): herbicide metabolism as a cross-resistance mechanism
Hall, L. M., Moss, S. R. and Powles, S. B. 1997. Mechanisms of resistance to aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicides in two resistant biotypes of Alopecurus myosuroides (blackgrass): herbicide metabolism as a cross-resistance mechanism. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 57, pp. 87-98.

Activity of MON48500, UK657 and FOE5043 on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides )
Moss, S. R. and Rooke, M. 1997. Activity of MON48500, UK657 and FOE5043 on herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Confidential Report for Bayer.

Occurrence of herbicide-resistant black-grass by 1995: a compilation of results from all organisations and companies which conducted screening assays
Moss, S. R. and Albertini, A. 1997. Occurrence of herbicide-resistant black-grass by 1995: a compilation of results from all organisations and companies which conducted screening assays. British Crop Protection Council 33rd Annual Review of Weed Control 1996 . British Crop Protection Council (BCPC). pp. 5-9

The practicality of managing herbicide resistance in black-grass and other grass-weeds: research background
Moss, S. R. 1997. The practicality of managing herbicide resistance in black-grass and other grass-weeds: research background. Proceedings AAB/WRAG Meeting on the Practicality of Managing Herbicide Resistance in Black-Grass and Other Grass Weeds, Rothamsted, 28 January 1997 . Association of Applied Biolgists, Wellesbourne.

The management of herbicide-resistant grass-weeds
Moss, S. R. 1996. The management of herbicide-resistant grass-weeds. Rhone-Poulenc Agriculture Ltd 1996 Cereal Herbicide Conference: Herbicide Strategies for a Changing European Market, Versailles, 26-28 November 1996 . pp. 1-7

Evaluation of isoproturon and fungicide mixtures for the control of herbicide resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides )
Grove, I. G., Fair, P. and Moss, S. R. 1996. Evaluation of isoproturon and fungicide mixtures for the control of herbicide resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ). Wiley.

Trends in herbicide resistance and the potential impact of legislative changes relating to isoproturon
Moss, S. R. 1996. Trends in herbicide resistance and the potential impact of legislative changes relating to isoproturon. Abstracts CIBA Agriculture/Crops Magazine Black-grass Conference, 26 September 1996 .

Herbicide resistance in black-grass and wild-oats
Moss, S. R. 1996. Herbicide resistance in black-grass and wild-oats. Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Natural colonisation : a study of Broadbalk wilderness
Kerr, G., Harmer, R. and Moss, S. R. 1996. Natural colonisation : a study of Broadbalk wilderness. Vegetation Management in Forestry, Amenity and Conservation Areas: Managing for Multiple Objectives. Aspects of Applied Biology 44 . pp. 25-32

Mechanism of resistance to chlorotoluron in two biotypes of the grass weed Alopecurus myosuroides
Hall, L. M., Moss, S. R. and Powles, S. B. 1995. Mechanism of resistance to chlorotoluron in two biotypes of the grass weed Alopecurus myosuroides. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology. 53, pp. 180-192.

Influence of safeners on the activity of clodinafop and fenoxaprop on herbicide resistant populations of black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ), wild-oats (Avena sterilis spp. ludoviciana) and Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum )
Moss, S. R. and Heyting, S. 1995. Influence of safeners on the activity of clodinafop and fenoxaprop on herbicide resistant populations of black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ), wild-oats (Avena sterilis spp. ludoviciana) and Italian rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum ). Confidential Report for Ciba.

Techniques for determining herbicide resistance
Moss, S. R. 1995. Techniques for determining herbicide resistance. Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1995 . pp. 547-556

Inheritance of herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and response of the weed to a range of herbicides. (Home-Grown Cereals Authority Research Report No 116)
Moss, S. R. and Clarke, J. H. 1995. Inheritance of herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides ) and response of the weed to a range of herbicides. (Home-Grown Cereals Authority Research Report No 116).

The control of resistant black-grass by carbetamide and other herbicides under simulated field conditions
Moss, S. R. 1995. The control of resistant black-grass by carbetamide and other herbicides under simulated field conditions. Confidential report for Rhone-Poulenc.

Phytotoxicity of trifluoromethyl- and methyl-substituted dinitroaniline herbicides on resistant and susceptible populations of black-grass Alopecurus myosuroides
James, E. H., Kemp, M. S. and Moss, S. R. 1995. Phytotoxicity of trifluoromethyl- and methyl-substituted dinitroaniline herbicides on resistant and susceptible populations of black-grass Alopecurus myosuroides. Pesticide Science. 43 (4), pp. 273-277.

Variation in sensitivity to herbicides in UK wild-oat populations (Avena fatua and Avena sterilis spp. ludoviciana)
Moss, S. R., Richardson, A. and Clarke, J. 1994. Variation in sensitivity to herbicides in UK wild-oat populations (Avena fatua and Avena sterilis spp. ludoviciana). Confidential report for HRAC.

Survey on the contribution of weed biology and herbicides to weed management in the UK
Moss, S. R. 1994. Survey on the contribution of weed biology and herbicides to weed management in the UK. Crop Protection. 13, pp. 381-387.

Guidelines for the prevention and control of herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.)
Moss, S. R. and Clarke, J. H. 1994. Guidelines for the prevention and control of herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.). Crop Protection. 13, pp. 230-234.

The testing and classification of herbicide-resistant Alopecurus myosuroides (black grass)
Clarke, J. H., Blair, A. M. and Moss, S. R. 1994. The testing and classification of herbicide-resistant Alopecurus myosuroides (black grass). Sampling to Make Decisions. Aspects of Applied Biology . pp. 181-188

Towards an understanding of the mechanisms of resistance to aryloxyphenoxypropionate (APP) herbicides in Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)
Hall, L. M., Moss, S. R. and Powles, S. B. 1993. Towards an understanding of the mechanisms of resistance to aryloxyphenoxypropionate (APP) herbicides in Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass). Proceedings 10th Australian Weed Conference and 14th Asian Pacific Weed Science Society Conference, Brisbane, September 1993 . pp. 299-301

Black-grass resistance: practical management
Moss, S. R. 1993. Black-grass resistance: practical management. Ciba and Farming News, London.

Implications of herbicide resistant Lolium multiflorum (Italain rye-grass)
Moss, S. R., Horswell, J., Froud-Williams, R. J. and Ndoping, M. M. 1993. Implications of herbicide resistant Lolium multiflorum (Italain rye-grass). Volunteer Crops as Weeds. Aspects of Applied Biology . pp. 53-60

Ciba Project: herbicide resistance in black-grass and Italian rye-grass
Moss, S. R. and Horswell, J. 1993. Ciba Project: herbicide resistance in black-grass and Italian rye-grass. Confidential Report to Ciba.

Rhone Poulenc project: herbicide resistance in black-grass and Italian rye-grass
Moss, S. R. and Horswell, J. 1993. Rhone Poulenc project: herbicide resistance in black-grass and Italian rye-grass. Confidential Report to Rhone Poulenc.

Herbicide resistant weeds: a world-wide perspective.
Moss, S. R. and Rubin, B. 1993. Herbicide resistant weeds: a world-wide perspective. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 120, pp. 141-148.

Guidelines for the prevention and control of herbicide-resistant black-grass
Moss, S. R. and Clarke, J. H. 1993. Guidelines for the prevention and control of herbicide-resistant black-grass. Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Herbicide resistance in the weed Alopecurus myosuroides (Black-grass): the current situation
Moss, S. R. 1992. Herbicide resistance in the weed Alopecurus myosuroides (Black-grass): the current situation. Devonshire, A. L., Hollomon, D. W. and Denholm, I. (ed.) Resistance '91: Achievements and Developments in Combating Pesticide Resistance. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, London. pp. 28-40

Herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides) (HGCA Project Report No 62)
Moss, S. R. and Clarke, J. 1992. Herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides) (HGCA Project Report No 62). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

The occurrence of herbicide resistant Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) in the United Kingdom and strategies for its control
Clarke, J. H. and Moss, S. R. 1991. The occurrence of herbicide resistant Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) in the United Kingdom and strategies for its control. Proceedings Brighton Crop Protection Conference - Weeds, 1991. pp. 1041-1048

The development of herbicide-resistant populations of Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) in England
Moss, S. R. 1991. The development of herbicide-resistant populations of Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) in England. in: Cussans, G. W., Atkin, R. K. and Caseley, J. C. (ed.) Herbicide resistance in weeds and crops Butterworth Heinemann, London. pp. 45-55

Herbicide cross-resistance in slender foxtail (%Alopecurus myosuroides$)
Moss, S. R. 1990. Herbicide cross-resistance in slender foxtail (%Alopecurus myosuroides$). Weed Science. 38, pp. 492-496.

Control of potato cyst-nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and G pallida, in different soils by small amounts of oxamyl or aldicarb
Moss, S. R., Crump, D. and Whitehead, A. G. 1976. Control of potato cyst-nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and G pallida, in different soils by small amounts of oxamyl or aldicarb. Annals of Applied Biology. 84 (3), pp. 355-359.

Control of potato cyst-nematodes, heterodera-rostochiensis and h-pallida, in sandy, peaty and silt loam soils by oximecarbamate and organophosphate nematicides
Moss, S. R., Crump, D. and Whitehead, A. G. 1975. Control of potato cyst-nematodes, heterodera-rostochiensis and h-pallida, in sandy, peaty and silt loam soils by oximecarbamate and organophosphate nematicides. Annals of Applied Biology. 81 (3), pp. 359-365.