A review of the effects of crop agronomy on the management of Alopecurus myosuroides

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Lutman, P. J. W., Moss, S. R., Cook, S. and Welham, S. J. 2013. A review of the effects of crop agronomy on the management of Alopecurus myosuroides. Weed Research. 53 (5), pp. 299-313.

AuthorsLutman, P. J. W., Moss, S. R., Cook, S. and Welham, S. J.
Abstract

This study reviews 52 field experiments, mostly from the UK, studying the effects of cultivation techniques, sowing date, crop density and cultivar choice on Alopecurus myosuroides infestations in cereal crops. Where possible, a statistical meta-analysis has been used to calculate average responses to the various cultural practices and to estimate their variability. In 25 experiments, mouldboard ploughing prior to sowing winter cereals reduced A.myosuroides populations by an average of 69%, compared with non-inversion tillage. Delaying drilling from September to the end of October decreased weed plant densities by approximately 50%. Sowing wheat in spring achieved an 88% reduction in A.myosuroides plant densities compared with autumn sowing. Increasing winter wheat crop density above 100plantsm(-2) had no effect on weed plant numbers, but reduced the number of headsm(-2) by 15% for every additional increase in 100 crop plants, up to the highest density tested (350wheatplantsm(-2)). Choosing more competitive cultivars could decrease A.myosuroides headsm(-2) by 22%. With all cultural practices, outcomes were highly variable and effects inconsistent. Farmers are more likely to adopt cultural measures and so reduce their reliance on herbicides, if there were better predictions of likely outcomes at the individual field level.

KeywordsAgronomy; Plant Sciences
Year of Publication2013
JournalWeed Research
Journal citation53 (5), pp. 299-313
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/wre.12024
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderDepartment of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Home-Grown Cereals Authority
Syngenta
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDelivering Sustainable Systems (SS) [ISPG]
Combating herbicide resistance by developing and promoting more sustainable grass-weed control strategies
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Jun 2013
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Mar 2013
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
ISSN0043-1737
PublisherWiley

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/8qx7q/a-review-of-the-effects-of-crop-agronomy-on-the-management-of-alopecurus-myosuroides

Restricted files

Publisher's version

Under embargo indefinitely

11 total views
2 total downloads
0 views this month
0 downloads this month