Sensitivity to prochloraz in populations of the eyespot fungus, Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides , in relation to fungicide treatments and their efficacy in continuous winter wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Bateman, G. L., Landau, S. and Welham, S. J. 1995. Sensitivity to prochloraz in populations of the eyespot fungus, Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides , in relation to fungicide treatments and their efficacy in continuous winter wheat. Annals of Applied Biology. 126 (2), pp. 235-247.

AuthorsBateman, G. L., Landau, S. and Welham, S. J.
Abstract

Eyespot was assessed and grain yields determined in the eighth and ninth years (1992 and 1993) of a field experiment in which the fungicides carbendazim and prochloraz were applied, separately or in mixtures, to plots of successive crops of winter wheat. Populations of the eyespot fungus, Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides, were characterised by the proportions of cultures grown on agar from infected stems that were W-type or R-type, or were carbendazim-resistant or carbendazim-sensitive. Sensitivity to prochloraz in agar was determined for isolates from populations sampled in 1992 using restricted maximum likelihood analysis of EC50s (concentrations needed to decrease colony growth by 50%), to deal with the unbalanced data, and comparisons were made by Wald statistics. Control by prochloraz was maintained but in 1992, as in some previous years, its application with carbendazim was more effective than its application alone. Selection by prochloraz for strains sensitive to carbendazim continued to occur and may have contributed to its sometimes relatively poorer performance in the absence of carbendazim. R-type isolates taken from prochloraz-treated plots, with or without carbendazim, in 1992 were less sensitive to prochloraz than were isolates from plots untreated with prochloraz. There was evidence of a greater range of sensitivities to prochloraz in R-type than in W-type isolates (although some uncertainty results from the small numbers of W-type isolates obtained from some treatments), which would explain the selection of the R-type by prochloraz. The significance of these findings to modern wheat growing practices is considered.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication1995
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation126 (2), pp. 235-247
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1995.tb05362.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code900
911
101
204
207
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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