Effects of cultivar and fungicides on stem-base pathogens, determined by quantitative PCR, and on diseases and yield of wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Bateman, G. L., Edwards, S. G., Marshall, J., Morgan, L. W., Nicholson, P., Nuttall, M., Parry, D. W., Scrancher, M. and Turner, A. S. 2000. Effects of cultivar and fungicides on stem-base pathogens, determined by quantitative PCR, and on diseases and yield of wheat. Annals of Applied Biology. 137 (3), pp. 213-221.

AuthorsBateman, G. L., Edwards, S. G., Marshall, J., Morgan, L. W., Nicholson, P., Nuttall, M., Parry, D. W., Scrancher, M. and Turner, A. S.
Abstract

The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify and quantify all fungal pathogens of wheat (Triticum aestivum) stem bases in nine field experiments at three locations in England. The main aim was to apply quantitative PCR to provide robust data on the efficacy of new fungicides against the individual components of the stem-base disease complex. Cyprodinil most effectively controlled eyespot by decreasing both pathogens, Tapesia yallundae and T. acuformis (the most widespread species), and sometimes contributed to increased yields. Prochloraz controlled eyespot less consistently, its effectiveness dependent mainly on the presence of T. yallundae or on rainfall events soon after application. Azoxystrobin contributed to yield increases most consistently. Although it decreased sharp eyespot and its pathogen, Rhizoctonia cerealis, these effects were insufficient to account for much of the yield increases. The effects of fungicides on eyespot were sometimes greatest on the most susceptible cultivars. Amounts of Tapesia DNA were usually consistent with cultivar susceptibility ratings. The only pathogens of brown foot rot present in significant amounts were Microdochium nivale vars nivale and majus. They appeared not to affect yield or to respond greatly to fungicides. The susceptibility of cultivars to these pathogens was sometimes similar to their susceptibility to eyespot, suggesting that they may respond to the same host resistance genes or may in some cases be secondary colonisers of eyespot-infected plants.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2000
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation137 (3), pp. 213-221
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2000.tb00062.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code423
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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